Donat, Switzerland

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Donat
Donat Dorf.jpg
Coat of arms of Donat
Coat of arms
Donat is located in Switzerland
Donat
Donat
Donat is located in Canton of Graubünden
Donat
Donat
Coordinates: 46°28′N 9°28′E / 46.467°N 9.467°E / 46.467; 9.467Coordinates: 46°28′N 9°28′E / 46.467°N 9.467°E / 46.467; 9.467
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Viamala
Area[1]
 • Total 4.67 km2 (1.80 sq mi)
Elevation 1,043 m (3,422 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 208
 • Density 45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Postal code 7433
SFOS number 3705
Localities Donat, Patzen, Farden
Surrounded by Casti-Wergenstein, Clugin, Lohn, Mathon, Pignia, Zillis-Reischen
Website www.donat.ch
SFSO statistics

Donat is a municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Donat is first mentioned in the middle 12th Century as ad Anede.[3]

Geography[edit]

Donat has an area, as of 2006, of 4.7 km2 (1.8 sq mi). Of this area, 39.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 51.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (5.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Schams sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region.[5] It is located on the lower Schamserberg, and on the left bank of the Hinterrhein. It consists of the settlement of Donat and Pazen-Farden. On 1 January 2003, the municipalities of Donath and Patzen-Fardün merged. At the same time, the names were converted back to Romansh, with Donath becoming Donat, Patzen became Pazen and Fardün became Farden. This change occurred as the combined municipality had a majority of Romansh speakers.[6])

Donat is a linear village with the sections of Curscheglias, Tarvisch and Tscharviof.

Demographics[edit]

Donat has a population (as of 31 December 2015) of 208.[2] As of 2008, 5.0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -1.3%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 43.0% male and 57.0% female.[7] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Donat is; 20 people or 15.0% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 16 people or 12.0% are 10 to 14, and 7 people or 5.3% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 11 people or 8.3% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 21 people or 15.8% are 30 to 39, 13 people or 9.8% are 40 to 49, and 13 people or 9.8% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 11 people or 8.3% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 10 people or 7.5% are 70 to 79, there are 10 people or 7.5% who are 80 to 89, and there are 1 people or 0.8% who are 90 to 99.[8]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 52.6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (25%), the FDP (13.7%) and the CVP (7.3%).[4]

In Donat about 78.1% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Donat has an unemployment rate of 0.1%. As of 2005, there were 56 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 21 businesses involved in this sector. people are employed in the secondary sector and there are businesses in this sector. 42 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 5 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1835 167
1850 188
1900 128
1950 118
2000 133

Languages[edit]

The municipality is almost evenly divided between Romansh- and German-speaking population, with Romansh predominating slightly. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Rhaeto-Romance (53.8%), with German being second most common (41.1%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 4.1%).[4]

Languages in Donat (merger of Donath and Patzen-Fardün)
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 32 18.29% 50 29.24% 81 41.12%
Romanish 141 80.57% 119 69.59% 106 53.81%
Population 175 100% 171 100% 197 100%
Languages in Donath
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 24 18.90% 30 25.64% 48 36.09%
Romanish 101 79.53% 85 72.65% 75 56.39%
Population 127 100% 117 100% 133 100%
Languages in Patzen-Fardün
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 8 16.67% 20 37.04% 33 51.56%
Romanish 40 83.33% 34 62.96% 31 48.44%
Population 48 100% 54 100% 64 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b Donat in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 06-Oct-2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  6. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden in Numbers Archived September 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics Archived August 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 21 September 2009

External links[edit]