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The main article for this category is Orientalism.

Orientalism refers to the imitation or depiction of aspects of Eastern cultures in the West by writers, designers and artists, and can also refer to a sympathetic stance towards the region by a writer or other person. Since the publication of Edward Said's Orientalism, the term has arguably taken on a pejorative meaning, becoming shorthand for prejudiced views towards cultures of the East.

An "Orientalist" may be a person engaged in these activities, but is also the traditional term for any scholar of Oriental studies.