Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist (Boise, Idaho)

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Cathedral of St. John
the Evangelist
St john's cathedral boise, idaho exterior.JPG
Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist (Boise, Idaho) is located in Idaho
Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist (Boise, Idaho)
43°37′17.4″N 116°11′54.9″W / 43.621500°N 116.198583°W / 43.621500; -116.198583Coordinates: 43°37′17.4″N 116°11′54.9″W / 43.621500°N 116.198583°W / 43.621500; -116.198583
Location 775 N. 8th St.
Boise, Idaho
Country United States
Denomination Catholic Church
Website www.boisecathedral.org
History
Status Cathedral/Parish church
Founded 1870
Dedication St. John the Evangelist
Dedicated March 27, 1921
Architecture
Functional status Active
Architect(s) Tourtellotte & Hummel
Style Romanesque Revival
Groundbreaking 1906
Completed 1921
Specifications
Length 170 feet (52 m)[1]
Width 95 feet (29 m)
Nave width 65 feet (20 m)
Materials Sandstone
Administration
Diocese Boise
Clergy
Bishop(s) Most Rev. Peter F. Christensen
Rector Rev. Jerry Funke
St. John's Cathedral Block
Area approximately 3 acres (1.2 ha)
MPS Tourtellotte and Hummel Architecture TR
NRHP reference # 82000245[2]
Added to NRHP November 17, 1982

The Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist, also known simply as St. John’s Cathedral, is a Catholic cathedral and parish church located in Boise, Idaho, United States. It is the seat of the Diocese of Boise. The church building was individually listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.[2] It was included as a contributing property of the St. John's Cathedral Block when the rest of the parish buildings on Block 90 were added to the National Register in 1982.[3]

History[edit]

An early photo of the cathedral

The first Catholic church in Boise was dedicated on Christmas Eve 1870, but was destroyed in a fire 18 days later.[4] Another frame structure was built that would serve as the cathedral of the Vicariate Apostolic of Idaho, established March 5, 1883, and the Diocese of Boise after it was established on August 25, 1893.[5] It was located on the northwest corner of Ninth and Bannock Streets.[6] As the city grew, a larger cathedral was needed and Bishop Alphonse Glorieux purchased property bounded by Fort, Hays, Eighth, and Ninth Streets. He laid the cornerstone for the present cathedral in 1906. So as not to be a financial drain on the parish, the church building was built in stages. After the lower level was completed the parish worshiped there. The walls and roof were completed in 1912, and the cathedral was completed in 1921 during the episcopate of Bishop Daniel Gorman, who dedicated it on March 27, Easter Sunday.

The rectory behind the cathedral was completed in 1906 for $12,000 as the Bishop Glorieux house. The 2½-story Tudor Revival structure features large gabled dormers, exposed rafters under all of the lateral eaves, a stone foundation, brick veneer and stone quoins on the first floor, and half-timbering on the second floor.

The present school building, called St. Joseph's School, was completed in 1925. The two-story brick structure was built for $35,000.[3] The gymnasium was added to the school building in 1948. It is a two-story concrete structure. The school's name memorializes St. Joseph's church in Idaho City, which was destroyed by fire in 1867. It was the first Catholic church in the area.[7]

Architecture[edit]

The cathedral's apse in 2009

St. John’s Cathedral was designed by one of the first architectural firms to work in Boise, Tourtellotte & Hummel. Built in the Romanesque Revival style, the architects used the Cathedral of Mainz in western Germany and the Basilica of Saint-Sernin, Toulouse as their inspiration.[8] The exterior is Boise Sandstone, quarried just above the city at Table Rock. The building is cruciform in shape and measures 170 feet (52 m) from front to back, 95 feet (29 m) at the transepts and 65 feet (20 m) in the nave.[1]

The building was designed to have two towers topped with spires flanking the main façade, but they have not been completed. A rose window graces the front of the church and the center gable above the main entrance features a statue of St. John the Evangelist on its peak. Corbeling, a continuous band of small projecting arches, encircles the building at the roofline. A fléche rises above the crossing.

The stained glass windows in the nave depict scenes from the life of Christ. The large window in the north transept depicts the Adoration of the Magi, flanked by windows portraying St. Alphonsus Ligouri and St. Theresa of Avila. The south transept window depicts the Ascension and is flanked by windows portraying St. Patrick and St. Rita. The windows in the sanctuary depict St. Joseph on the north and the Blessed Virgin Mary on the south. In the apse are windows portraying the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary. They are flanked by windows portraying the Four Evangelists. The windows were installed in 1920, except the window portraying the Holy Spirit in the center of the apse, which was installed in 1979. St. Cecilia is depicted in the window above the pipe organ.

Restoration and Remodel[edit]

The architecture of the building
features Romanesque Revival

The interior of the church had a major cleaning in 1952 and In 1960, another remodeling plan took place and the parish decided to continue to work with the Hummel family, hiring Charles Hummel’s grandson, who was named Charles after his grandfather. Charles Hummel Jr. also worked on the 1979 restoration, focusing on four main ideas. He wanted to restore all the stained glass windows that illustrate the stories of the saints, create more seating for the different groups of people who would come to the cathedral for ceremonies, celebrations, and worship, renew the canvas accents and designs in the interior, and bring in tasteful modern lighting fixtures which accented the classic renaissance look but accommodated to the needs of the citizens. To accomplish such ideas, Hummel had to make some radical changes to the Cathedral’s interior. He also made sure important architectural details were not changed during the remodel. These details include the decorative gargoyles that metaphorically hold the weight of the church on their backs as a punishment for their sins, and the windows he restored.

To celebrate the church’s centennial, Rob Thorton took on the job of remodeling the downstairs chapel. Not wanting to tread on the shoes of Hummel’s original artistry, Thorton worked with him on the project. He took the plaster off the walls to expose the stone beneath but kept a section of the wood paneling that Hummel added in 1979. Thorton also added a dome-shaped hole in the ceiling of the chapel. Thorton not only worked on the chapel in the lower level but on the reception hall as well. He took out the brown carpeting, exposed the stone on the walls, and created more space. The baptismal font was redesigned as a pool and the former font was repurposed as an ambry to hold the holy oils. A reservation altar for the tabernacle was created in the south transept. The canopy was from the former high altar. St John’s received an Orchid Award in 1981 from the Idaho Historic Preservation Council for outstanding work in restoration.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Don Hibbard. "St. John's Cathedral". National Park Service. Retrieved 2017-12-31.  with photo(s)
  2. ^ a b National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  3. ^ a b "St. John's Cathedral Block". National Park Service. Retrieved 2017-12-31.  with photo(s)
  4. ^ "Shaping Boise: A Selection of Boise's Landmark Buildings" (PDF). City of Boise. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  5. ^ "Diocese of Boise". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  6. ^ "History of the Cathedral". Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  7. ^ a b Doug StanWiens. "St John's Cathedral". Idaho Architecture Project. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  8. ^ "History and Architecture of the Cathedral". Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 

External links[edit]