Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist (Boise, Idaho)
|Cathedral of St. John|
|Location||775 N. 8th St.|
|Denomination||Roman Catholic Church|
|Dedication||St. John the Evangelist|
|Dedicated||March 27, 1921|
|Architect(s)||Tourtellotte & Hummel|
|Length||170 feet (52 m)|
|Width||95 feet (29 m)|
|Nave width||65 feet (20 m)|
|Bishop(s)||Most Rev. Peter F. Christensen|
|Rector||Rev. Mariusz Majewski|
St. John's Cathedral
St. John's Cathedral Block
|Part of||Fort Street Historic District (ID82000199)|
|MPS||Tourtellotte and Hummel Architecture TR|
|NRHP reference No.||78001035 (original)|
|Designated NRHP||May 24, 1978|
|Designated HD||November 17, 1982|
|Designated CP||November 12, 1982|
The Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist, also known simply as St. John's Cathedral, is a Catholic cathedral and parish church located in Boise, Idaho, United States. It is the seat of the Diocese of Boise. The church building was individually listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. It was included as a contributing property of the St. John's Cathedral Block when the rest of the parish buildings on Block 90 were added to the National Register in 1982. That same year, the parish buildings were included as a contributing property in the Fort Street Historic District.
The first Catholic church in Boise was dedicated on Christmas Eve 1870, but was destroyed in a fire 18 days later. Another frame structure was built that would serve as the cathedral of the Vicariate Apostolic of Idaho, established March 5, 1883, and the Diocese of Boise after it was established on August 25, 1893. It was located on the northwest corner of Ninth and Bannock Streets. As the city grew, a larger cathedral was needed and Bishop Alphonse Glorieux purchased property bounded by Fort, Hays, Eighth, and Ninth Streets. He laid the cornerstone for the present cathedral in 1906. So as not to be a financial drain on the parish, the church building was built in stages. After the lower level was completed the parish worshiped there. The walls and roof were completed in 1912, and the cathedral was completed in 1921 during the episcopate of Bishop Daniel Gorman, who dedicated it on March 27, Easter Sunday.
The rectory behind the cathedral was completed in 1906 for $12,000 as the Bishop Glorieux house. The 2½-story Tudor Revival structure features large gabled dormers, exposed rafters under all of the lateral eaves, a stone foundation, brick veneer and stone quoins on the first floor, and half-timbering on the second floor.
The present school building, called St. Joseph's School, was completed in 1925. The two-story brick structure was built for $35,000. The gymnasium was added to the school building in 1948. It is a two-story concrete structure. The school's name memorializes St. Joseph's church in Idaho City, which was destroyed by fire in 1867. It was the first Catholic church in the area.
St. John's Cathedral was designed by one of the first architectural firms to work in Boise, Tourtellotte & Hummel. Built in the Romanesque Revival style, the architects used the Cathedral of Mainz in western Germany and the Basilica of Saint-Sernin, Toulouse as their inspiration. The exterior is Boise Sandstone, quarried just above the city at Table Rock. The building is cruciform in shape and measures 170 feet (52 m) from front to back, 95 feet (29 m) at the transepts and 65 feet (20 m) in the nave.
The building was designed to have two towers topped with spires flanking the main façade, but they remain incomplete. A rose window graces the front of the church and the center gable above the main entrance features a statue of St. John the Evangelist on its peak. Corbeling, a continuous band of small projecting arches, encircles the building at the roofline. A fléche rises above the crossing.
The stained glass windows in the nave depict scenes from the life of Christ. The large window in the north transept depicts the Adoration of the Magi, flanked by windows portraying St. Alphonsus Ligouri and St. Theresa of Avila. The south transept window depicts the Ascension and is flanked by windows portraying St. Patrick and St. Rita. The windows in the sanctuary depict St. Joseph on the north and the Blessed Virgin Mary on the south. In the apse are windows portraying the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary. They are flanked by windows portraying the Four Evangelists. Although some of the art glass was installed by the Intermountain Glass Company of Boise, the stained glass windows were designed and installed by the John J. Kinsella Company of Chicago in 1920, except the window portraying the Holy Spirit in the center of the apse, which was installed in 1979. St. Cecilia is depicted in the window above the pipe organ.
Restoration and Remodel
The interior of the church had a major cleaning in 1952 and In 1960, another remodeling plan took place and the parish decided to continue to work with the Hummel family, hiring Charles Hummel's grandson, who was named Charles after his grandfather. Charles Hummel Jr. also worked on the 1979 restoration, focusing on four main ideas. He wanted to restore all the stained glass windows that illustrate the stories of the saints, create more seating for the different groups of people who would come to the cathedral for ceremonies, celebrations, and worship, renew the canvas accents and designs in the interior, and bring in tasteful modern lighting fixtures which accented the classic renaissance look but accommodated to the needs of the citizens. To accomplish such ideas, Hummel had to make some radical changes to the Cathedral's interior. He also made sure important architectural details were not changed during the remodel. These details include the decorative gargoyles that metaphorically hold the weight of the church on their backs as a punishment for their sins, and the windows he restored.
To celebrate the church's centennial, Rob Thornton took on the job of remodeling the downstairs chapel. Not wanting to tread on the shoes of Hummel's original artistry, Thornton worked with him on the project. He took the plaster off the walls to expose the stone beneath but kept a section of the wood paneling that Hummel added in 1979. Thornton also added a dome-shaped hole in the ceiling of the chapel. Thornton not only worked on the chapel in the lower level but on the reception hall as well. He took out the brown carpeting, exposed the stone on the walls, and created more space. The baptismal font was redesigned as a pool and the former font was repurposed as an ambry to hold the holy oils. A reservation altar for the tabernacle was created in the south transept. The canopy was from the former high altar. St John's received an Orchid Award in 1981 from the Idaho Historic Preservation Council for outstanding work in restoration.
- Hibbard, Don. "St. John's Cathedral". National Park Service. Retrieved 2017-12-31. with photo
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
- "St. John's Cathedral Block". National Park Service. Retrieved 2017-12-31. with photos
- Lichtenstein, Susanne. "Fort Street Historic District". National Park Service. Retrieved 2017-12-31.
- "Shaping Boise: A Selection of Boise's Landmark Buildings" (PDF). City of Boise. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-01-02. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- "Diocese of Boise". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- "History of the Cathedral". Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist. Archived from the original on 2013-05-03. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- StanWiens, Doug. "St John's Cathedral". Idaho Architecture Project. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
- "History and Architecture of the Cathedral". Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist. Archived from the original on 2015-10-30. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- "Sanctuary Windows Notable". Idaho Statesman. Boise. May 29, 1921. p. 2.
- "Fine Cathedral Organ". Idaho Statesman. Boise. May 29, 1921. p. 3.