Cavendish College, Cambridge

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Cavendish College, Cambridge was a college of the University of Cambridge.[1]

It was founded by the British clergyman, educational reformer and writer Joseph Lloyd Brereton and was intended to connect the county school system with the universities. After an unsuccessful attempt at Oxford, he founded it at Cambridge in 1873. It was to be a 'county' college, and was named after the chancellor of the university, William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire. Brereton described his scheme in his book County Education.[2] It was instituted as a public hostel of the university, students in residence being eligible for a university degree. The undergraduates were younger than was customary, and the cost of board and tuition, which was covered by an inclusive charge of eighty guineas a year,[3] was much lower than in the established colleges. The venture received educational and ecclesiastical support. However, the proprietary principle was not welcomed by some, and the public schools withheld their recognition. Other factors were the distance of the college from the centre of Cambridge, (more than 1 mile), and inferior accommodation. The scheme proved financially unsuccessful, and the college was dissolved in 1892. The buildings were sold in 1895 and were used as a training college, Homerton College, for women teachers,[4] which in 2010 finally became a full college of Cambridge University.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Capturing Cambridge
  2. ^ County Education: a Contribution of Experiments, Estimates and Suggestions Brereton, J.L (London, Bickers & Son, 1874)
  3. ^ Peter Searby, ‘Brereton, Joseph Lloyd (1822–1901)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 12 Oct 2017
  4. ^ Simms, T.H. (1979). Homerton College 1695–1978 Published by the Trustees of Homerton College
  5. ^ Raby, P. & Warner, P. (2010). Homerton: The Evolution of a Cambridge College (Published and Distributed by the Principal and Fellows of Homerton College)

Coordinates: 52°11′10″N 0°08′11″E / 52.1862°N 0.1365°E / 52.1862; 0.1365