Celtis sinensis

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Chinese hackberry
Celtis sinensis=Chinese Hackberry.jpg
Mature tree at Yuelu Academy
Not evaluated (IUCN 2.3)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Cannabaceae
Genus: Celtis
Species: C. sinensis
Binomial name
Celtis sinensis
Pers.[1]

Celtis sinensis (English: Chinese hackberry; Chinese: 朴树 ) is a species of flowering plant in the hemp family, Cannabaceae, that is native to slopes in East Asia.[2]

Description[edit]

It is a tree that grows to 20 m tall, with deciduous leaves and gray bark. The fruit is a globose drupe, 5–7(–8) mm in diameter. Flowering occurs in March–April, and fruiting in September–October.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Synonyms include: Celtis bodinieri H. Léveillé; C. bungeana var. pubipedicella G. H. Wang; C. cercidifolia C. K. Schneider; C. hunanensis Handel-Mazzetti; C. japonica Planch.;[1] C. labilis C. K. Schneider; C. nervosa Hemsley; C. tetrandra Roxburgh subsp. sinensis (Persoon) Y. C. Tang.

Distribution, habitat and uses[edit]

Native to slopes at altitudes of 100–1500 m in Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Zhejiang, and Sichuan provinces of China, as well as Korea(팽나무),[2] Japan, and Taiwan. Leaves and bark are used in Korean medicine to treat menstruation and lung abscess.[3] It is a naturalized non-invasive species in North America. It is a declared noxious weed in many parts of eastern Australia.

As an ornamental plant, it is used in classical East Asian garden design.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Celtis sinensis Pers.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-03-03. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  2. ^ a b c eFloras, Missouri Botanical Garden & Harvard University Herbaria, Celtis sinensis, FOC Vol. 5, Page 18, retrieved October 29, 2009 
  3. ^ Park, Kwang woo. 《반응표면분석법을 이용한 팽나무 (Celtis sinensis Persoon) 의 최적 변색제거조건 결정》한국인간ㆍ식물ㆍ환경학회지, Vol.1 No.2| p. 74-84 Accessed in 2013-10-8

External links[edit]