Celtis sinensis

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Chinese hackberry
Celtis sinensis=Chinese Hackberry.jpg
Mature tree at Yuelu Academy
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Cannabaceae
Genus: Celtis
Species: C. sinensis
Binomial name
Celtis sinensis
Synonyms
  • Celtis bodinieri H.Lév.
  • Celtis bungeana var. pubipedicella G.H.Wang
  • Celtis cercidifolia C.K.Schneid.
  • Celtis hunanensis Hand.-Mazz.
  • Celtis japonica Planch.
  • Celtis labilis C.K.Schneid.
  • Celtis nervosa Hemsl.
  • Celtis sinensis Willd.
  • Celtis sinensis var. japonica (Planch.) Nakai
  • Celtis tetrandra subsp. sinensis (Pers.) Y.C.Tang
  • Celtis willdenowiana Schult.

Celtis sinensis (English: Chinese hackberry; Chinese: 朴树) is a species of flowering plant in the hemp family, Cannabaceae, that is native to slopes in East Asia.[2]

Description[edit]

It is a tree that grows to 20 m tall, with deciduous leaves and gray bark. The fruit is a globose drupe, 5–7(–8) mm in diameter. Flowering occurs in March–April, and fruiting in September–October.[2]

Distribution, habitat and uses[edit]

Native to slopes at altitudes of 100–1500 m in Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Zhejiang, Sichuan, and Taiwan provinces of China, as well as Korea(팽나무),[2] Japan. Leaves and bark are used in Korean medicine to treat menstruation and lung abscess.[3] It is a naturalized non-invasive species in North America. It is a declared noxious weed in many parts of eastern Australia.

As an ornamental plant, it is used in classical East Asian garden design.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Celtis sinensis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2010-02-21.
  2. ^ a b c eFloras, Missouri Botanical Garden & Harvard University Herbaria, Celtis sinensis, FOC Vol. 5, Page 18, retrieved October 29, 2009
  3. ^ Park, Kwang woo. 《반응표면분석법을 이용한 팽나무 (Celtis sinensis Persoon) 의 최적 변색제거조건 결정》한국인간ㆍ식물ㆍ환경학회지, Vol.1 No.2| p. 74-84 Accessed in 2013-10-8

External links[edit]