Middle Franconia

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Middle Franconia (district)
Mittelfranken
Regierungsbezirk
Map of Bavaria highlighting the Regierungsbezirk of Middle Franconia (district)
Map of Bavaria highlighting the Regierungsbezirk of Middle Franconia (district)
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Region seatAnsbach
Area
 • Total7,245.70 km2 (2,797.58 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2017)[1]
 • Total1,759,643
 • Density240/km2 (630/sq mi)
Websiteregierung.mittelfranken.bayern.de

Middle Franconia (German: Mittelfranken) is one of the three administrative regions of Franconia in Bavaria, Germany.[2] It is located in the west of Bavaria and borders the state of Baden-Württemberg. The administrative seat is Ansbach, however the most populous city is Nuremberg.[3]

Subdivisions[edit]

The region is divided into seven districts ('Landkreise') and five independent cities ('Kreisfreie Städte').[4]

Independent cities[edit]

Districts[edit]

History[edit]

After the founding of the Kingdom of Bavaria the state was totally reorganised and, in 1808, divided into 15 administrative government regions (German: Regierungsbezirke (singular Regierungsbezirk)), in Bavaria called Kreise (singular: Kreis). They were created in the fashion of the French departements, quite even in size and population, and named after their main rivers.

In the following years, due to territorial changes (e. g. loss of Tyrol, addition of the Palatinate), the number of Kreise was reduced to 8. One of these was the Rezatkreis (Rezat District). In 1837 king Ludwig I of Bavaria renamed the Kreise after historical territorial names and tribes of the area. This also involved some border changes or territorial swaps. Thus the district name of Rezatkreis changed to Middle Franconia.

Main sights[edit]

Next to the major city Nuremberg, the capital Ansbach and the former residence city Erlangen, the towns of the Romantic Road Rothenburg ob der Tauber and Dinkelsbühl belong to the major tourist attractions. The Lichtenau Fortress, Rothenberg Fortress, Hohenstein and Cadolzburg belong to the most important castles of Middle Franconia. The Franconian Jura and the northern valley of the River Altmühl are among the scenic attractions.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of Arms of Middle Franconia
The coat of arms displays:

Population[edit]

Year Inhabitants
1900 815,895
1910 930,868
1939 1,065,122
1950 1,273,030
1961 1,371,144
1970 1,486,389
1987 1,521,484
2002 1,703,869
2005 1,712,275
2006 1,712,622
2008 1,714,453
2010 1,710,876

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). September 2018.
  2. ^ Berg-Schlosser, Dirk (1993). Political Culture in Germany. p. 102. ISBN 978-1-349-22767-9.
  3. ^ "Allgerman.com - Middle Franconia (Mittelfranken)". allgerman.com. 2018-10-27.
  4. ^ Pressestelle, Regierung von Mittelfranken,. "Regierung von Mittelfranken". www.regierung.mittelfranken.bayern.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  5. ^ County of Hohenzollern
  6. ^ Franconia
  7. ^ File:Wappen Deutscher Bund.svg

External links[edit]