Map of Bavaria highlighting the Regierungsbezirk of Upper Bavaria
|• Total||17,529.41 km2 (6,768.14 sq mi)|
|Population (31 December 2013)|
|• Density||250/km2 (660/sq mi)|
Upper Bavaria is located in the southern portion of Bavaria, and is centered around the city of Munich, both state capital and seat of the district government. It is subdivided into four regions (Planungsverband): Ingolstadt, Munich, Bayerisches Oberland (Bavarian Highland), and Südostoberbayern (South East Upper Bavaria). It is named 'Upper Bavaria' because the land is higher above sea level than the rest of Bavaria, not because it is farther north.
- Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen
- Berchtesgadener Land
- Munich (München)
Kreisfreie Städte (district-free cities):
Historical Population of Upper Bavaria:
The duchy of Upper Bavaria was created for the first time with the First Bavarian partition in 1255 under duke Louis II but there was no exact correlation between this duchy and the current territory. After the reunification in 1340 Bavaria was divided again in 1349, and in 1392 the duchies Bavaria-Munich and Bavaria-Ingolstadt were created in Upper Bavaria. In 1505 Bavaria was permanently reunited. In 1837 king Ludwig I of Bavaria reorganised and renamed the old Bavarian "Kreise". The french-style order that chose the respective main river as every districts eponym was substituted by an apparently historicizing system. Thus the name Isarkreis changed to Upper Bavaria. Instead of a Rentamt-style mere administrational unit, the newly created districts became predecessors of modern regional self-government, building the necessary political and administrational link in-between the Bavarian state as a whole and the local authorities.
Featured former residence cities are the capital Munich, Ingolstadt and Neuburg an der Donau and the diocesan towns of Freising and Eichstätt. Interesting townscapes have especially also Landsberg am Lech and Wasserburg am Inn.
The highest mountain in Upper Bavaria, Zugspitze, offers an incomparable panoramic view of the Alps. Nestled in forested mountain ranges, the lakes Tegernsee, Schliersee, and Spitzingsee, are idyllically situated. The larger lakes, like Starnberger See, Ammersee (south-west of Munich), and Chiemsee further to the east, all situated in the pre-alpine uplands, offer regular Passenger services on steamers.
Sacred art treasures can be found in the monasteries Andechs, Benediktbeuern and Ettal and in the Wieskirche. Among popular excursions in Upper Bavaria are the Koenigssee with the Sanctuary of St Bartholomew's and the mountain Watzmann, the royal castles of Ludwig II, Linderhof and Herrenchiemsee in Chiemsee, the Burghausen Castle and the castle Hohenaschau. The most important places of pilgrimage are Altoetting and Tuntenhausen.
- "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). 31 December 2013.