Centre for Fine Arts, Brussels
The Centre for Fine Arts (French: Palais des Beaux-Arts, Dutch: Paleis voor Schone Kunsten) is a multi-purpose cultural venue in Brussels, Belgium. It is often referred to as BOZAR (a homophone of Beaux-arts) in French or PSK in Dutch. The building was designed by the architect Victor Horta, and completed in 1929 at the instigation of the banker and patron of the arts Henry Le Bœuf. It includes exhibition and conference rooms, a cinema and a concert hall, which serves as home to the National Orchestra of Belgium.
Victor Horta began designing the Centre for Fine Arts in Brussels following World War I, in a more geometric style than his previous works, similar to Art Deco. The Belgian Parliament initially denied funding for the plans. With the founding of the Société du Palais des Beaux-Arts in 1922, the project was revived. Construction started in 1923, albeit with several restrictions: the Brussels authorities supplied a very irregular area on the slope between the city's upper and the lower part, the main facade had to house shopping facilities, and the height of the building was restricted so as not to compromise the King's view of Brussels' skyline from the Royal Palace.
The building was originally intended to be built of stone, but Horta made a new plan of reinforced concrete with a steel frame. He had intended the concrete to be left exposed in the interior, but the final appearance did not meet his expectations, and he had it covered. It took more than a decade to complete the complex, which contains a large concert hall—the Henry Le Bœuf Hall—in an unusual ovoid, or egg shape. It is accompanied by a recital room, a chamber music room, lecture rooms, and a vast gallery for temporary exhibitions. He managed to put together this array of different functions on a rather small building plot with restricted conditions using more than eight building levels with a large part situated underground.
Since 2002, the Belgian federal intuition has chosen the brand name BOZAR, which has eight artistic departments: BOZAR Expo, BOZAR Music, BOZAR Cinema, BOZAR Dance, BOZAR Theatre, BOZAR Literature, BOZAR Studios and BOZAR Architecture. BOZAR is home to the National Orchestra of Belgium, the Société Philharmonique/Philharmonische Vereniging, which invites the world's major orchestras and performers to appear at the Henry Le Bœuf Hall. The finals of the Queen Elisabeth Competition for classical singers and instrumentalists, one of the most challenging and prestigious competitions of the kind, are also held there. Up to ten exhibitions a year are organised at BOZAR, and have included Jeff Wall, Luc Tuymans, Frida Kahlo, Lucas Cranach, Gilbert & George, Wim Delvoye, Venetian, Flemish Masters, Keith Haring and "It's not only rock'n'roll Baby".
- Robert, 7th Duke d'Ursel, President of the Centre for Fine Arts
- 1974–1986 Karel Geirlandt, Director-General of exhibitions of the of the Centre for Fine Arts
- 1998–2021: Etienne Davignon, President of the Centre for Fine Arts
- 2002–2021: Paul Dujardin, Director-General of BOZAR
- 15 October 2021–29 May 2022: Sophie Lauwers, Director-General of BOZAR for a brief period of seven months
- Henry Le Bœuf Hall, with seating capacity for 2,200
- Chamber Music Room, with seating capacity for 476
- Victor Horta Hall (Great Sculpture Hall)
- Studio Recital Hall, with seating capacity for 210
- Salle Terarken, a multi-purpose hall
- Exhibition rooms
- Background on Horta, on bozar.be (in English)
- Horta: Art Nouveau to Modernism, Harry N Abrams, ISBN 0-8109-6333-7
- Wonderful Concert Halls in Europe Echo, Neils Le Large
- "Huldetentoonstelling Karel Geirlandt in galerie Campo". De Tijd. 2 February 1990. Retrieved 3 July 2022.
- "Etienne Davignon quittera la présidence de Bozar". RTBF (in French). Retrieved 3 July 2022.
- "Paul Dujardin to remain Head of Bozar". 8 February 2014. Archived from the original on 30 March 2014.
- "Bozar director-general Sophie Lauwers dies aged 55".