Chang An-lo

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Chang An-lo
張安樂與民眾合照 (cropped).jpg
Chang in April 2017
Born 1948 (age 68–69)
Nanjing, Republic of China
Residence Taipei, Taiwan
Other names The White Wolf
Citizenship Republic of China
Alma mater Tamkang University

Chang An-lo (Chinese: 張安樂; pinyin: Zhāng Ānlè), also known as the White Wolf (白狼; Bái Láng), is a Taiwanese gangster supportive of Chinese unification.

Work with the Triad[edit]

A reputed former leader of the Bamboo Union crime brotherhood,[1] Chang fled Taiwan in 1996 after being placed on the wanted list by authorities in Taipei for involvement in organised crime,[2] leading him to live in exile in Shenzhen, People's Republic of China.[3][4] During his time in China, the Chinese Unity Promotion Party was founded in 2004. He then started a Taiwan-based branch of the party in 2005.[5] He returned to the island of Taiwan in June 2013 and was arrested by Taiwanese police on arrival at Songshan Airport.[4] He is currently released on bail.

Political career[edit]

Upon his return to Taiwan, Chang opened a campaign headquarters affiliated with the Chinese Unity Promotion Party in downtown Tainan in order to prepare for elections in 2016.[6]

Following a police raid of one of the party's headquarters in November 2013, police stated their concerns about the political party's links to organized crime to the press.[7] Police alleged that the political party was being used as a front for membership in the Bamboo Union gang in New Taipei City; police also allerges that illegal firearms had been trafficked and used in racketeering and turf war by the Yeh Shih branch (named after historical figure Ye Shi).

In 2013, his party claims that it has a membership of 20,000 persons, and 75 branch-offices (or headquarters).[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Arax, Mark (1985-09-19). "Reputed Gang Chief Charged in Liu Killing". Los Angeles Times. 
  2. ^ "Chang An-lo" (in Chinese). Criminal Investigation Bureau. 
  3. ^ Chin (2003), p. 205.
  4. ^ a b Taiwan gang leader 'White Wolf' arrested after China exile, Herald Sun, 2013-06-30, retrieved 2013-06-30 
  5. ^ Hsiao, Alison (5 March 2017). "Reporter’s Notebook: Survivors of 228 Incident divided along ethnic lines". Taipei Times. p. 3. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  6. ^ Tseng, Wei-chen; Chung, Jake (9 September 2013). "‘White Wolf’s’ party to contest in 2016 elections". Taipei Times. p. 3. Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  7. ^ Cheng, Shu-ting; Chung, Jake (November 8, 2013). "Police link party to organized crime". Taipei Times. p. 3. Retrieved April 2, 2014. 
  8. ^ 張安樂29日返台:我沒有犯罪 (in Chinese). Central News Agency. June 28, 2013. Retrieved April 2, 2014. 中華統一促進黨有75個黨部,黨員2萬餘人 [permanent dead link]

References[edit]

  • Chin, Ko-lin (2003). Heijin: Organized Crime, Business, and Politics in Taiwan. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe. ISBN 0-7656-1220-8.