Chanpurū

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Chanpurū
Goya Champuru at Yumenoya.jpg
Gōyā chanpurū
Alternative names チャンプルー
Type Stir fry
Place of origin Japan
Region or state Okinawa Prefecture
Main ingredients Tofu, vegetables
Cookbook: Chanpurū  Media: Chanpurū

Chanpurū (チャンプルー?) is an Okinawan stir fry dish. It is considered the representative dish of Okinawan cuisine.[1][2] Chanpurū generally consists of tofu combined with some kind of vegetable, meat, or fish.[2] Luncheon meat (such as Spam or Danish Tulip), egg, moyashi (bean sprouts) and gōyā (bitter melon) are some other common ingredients. Spam is not typically used in mainland Japan; but it is more common in Okinawa due primarily to the historical influence of its introduction by the US Navy. Chanpurū is Okinawan for "something mixed" and the word is sometimes used to refer to the culture of Okinawa, as it can be seen as a mixture of traditional Okinawan, Chinese, mainland Japanese, Southeast Asian and North American culture. The term originates from the Malay or Indonesian word campur (pronounced "cham-poor"), meaning "mix".[3]

Long a local specialty only found on Okinawa, chanpurū has in recent years, through television shows and increased interest in Okinawan culture, spread to many restaurants on mainland Japan.

Types of chanpurū[edit]

Gōyā chanpurū[edit]

Gōyā chanpurū is the quintessential chanpurū. It consists of gōyā (bitter melon), egg, tōfu, and either Spam or thinly sliced pork.[2][4] It often also includes vegetables such as carrots.

Tōfu chanpurū[edit]

Tōfu chanpurū is tofu stir-fried with vegetables and Spam, bacon, thinly sliced pork belly, or canned tuna. Unlike tofu from mainland Japan, Okinawan tofu is firm and does not fall apart when stir-fried.[2] It is considered best form to crumble the tofu into the frying pan by hand, so as to avoid uniform cubes.

Māmina chanpurū[edit]

Māmina chanpurū is version of chanpurū that contains moyashi, or mung bean sprouts.[1][2]

Fu chanpurū[edit]

Fu is a kind of flatbread made from wheat gluten, water, and eggs. It is stir-fried with vegetables and a meat as above.

Sōmen chanpurū[edit]

Sōmen (or somin in Okinawan) are very thin noodles resembling angel hair pasta. They are stir-fried lightly in oil with green onions and meat as above.

Cultural aspects[edit]

Chanpurū (sometimes written and pronounced champloo) is Okinawan for "something mixed" and Okinawans take great pride in describing their culture and traditional attitudes to people and food as chanpurū. They will cite examples of their happy acceptance of foreign cultural items in the popularity of awamori (originally a liquor from Thailand), tacos albeit with added rice (from Mexico) and rafute (a Okinawan meat dish)[citation needed].

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ちゃんぷるー" [Chanpuru]. Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "ちゃんぷるー" [Chanpuru]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 153301537. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  3. ^ 岸 朝子(きし・あさこ). "Chanpuru shokubunka" (in Japanese). doraku.asahi.com. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  4. ^ "Goya Chanpuru". About.com Japanese Food. Retrieved September 7, 2011.