Chantada

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Chantada
Municipality
Casa do concello de Chantada.jpg
Coat of arms of Chantada
Coat of arms
Chantada is located in Spain
Chantada
Chantada
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 42°37′N 7°46′W / 42.617°N 7.767°W / 42.617; -7.767
Country Spain
Autonomous community Galicia
Province Lugo
Comarca Chantada
Government
 • Mayor Manuel Lorenzo Varela Rodríguez (Independentes Terras do Asma)
Area
 • Total 176.7 km2 (68.2 sq mi)
Elevation 36 m (118 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Total 8,493
 • Density 48/km2 (120/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Chantadinos
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code 27500
Website Official website

Chantada, is a municipality in the province of Lugo, Galicia, Spain.[1]

Chantada is situated on the left bank of the Río Asma, a small right-hand tributary of the Minho river, and on the main road from Ourense, 29 km S. by W., to Lugo, 45 km N. by E.[1] Chantada is the chief town of the fertile region between the Minho and the heights of O Faro, which mark the western border of the province. Despite the lack of railway communication, it has a thriving trade in grain, flax, hemp, and dairy produce.[1]

History[edit]

Prehistory[edit]

To study the history of Chantada, we must be go back to the days of the prehistoric castros that had a large presence in the municipality. The castro configuration is still visible on the architecture of the castles of Líncora, Centulle, San Sebastián, Nogueira, Moreda and Castro Candaz. Several monuments were erected over castros in the area, like the monastery of San Salvador de Asma, the fortress of Paderne (Muradelle), the tower of Arcos, the tower of Pereira, the tower of Quinteliña (San Salvador de Asma), the tower of Teixeiro (Nogueira), the tower of Vilaúxe, and Merlán[2]. The anthropomorphic sarcophagi of Fornas are other of the vestiges of the early inhabitants of the municipality.

Anthropomorphic sarcophagus in Fornas, Chantada

Roman Age[edit]

Located close to the branch Chaves-Lugo of the Via Bracara Asturicam, that connected the modern cities of Braga, in Portugal, and Astorga, in Castilla y Leon[3], Chantada has numerous vestiges of the Roman presence in the zone, like the fortified village of Castro Candaz.

According to the documentation belonging to the Camba's house, Castro Candaz was founded by the Roman consul Lucio Cambero[4]. He was related to the "Galician mountain people", who would fight along with the tribe of the Aunonians against two Roman legions sent by Emperor Trajan. After the defeat, Lucio Cambero retires to the fortress.

Castro Candaz, Chantada

Middle Ages[edit]

According to Formoso Lamas, during the second strike of Norman invasions, the vikings overcame Mount Faro and reached Chantada, where a fence was erected (Plantata). After sweeping the town, the Vikings continued advancing and the nobles of the town took refuge in Castro Candaz, guarded by the family of Erice or Eriz. where they received the help of the troops of King Ramiro I of Asturias.

During the middle ages possibly Castro was linked to some type of port that had crossed Miño through this band.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chantada". Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 846.
  2. ^ "CONCELLO DE CHANTADA :: WEB OFICIAL :: Historia". www.concellodechantada.org. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  3. ^ "Calzadas romanas na Gallaecia: A Vía Nova ou XVIII". artenoafonsox.blogspot.ch. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
  4. ^ "Castro Candaz: o corazón mergullado da historia mitolóxica de Galicia". Capítulo 0 (in Galician). 2010-10-26. Retrieved 2018-04-17.