Charles Beauclerk, 2nd Duke of St Albans

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Charles Beauclerk, 2nd Duke of St Albans, KG KB (6 April 1696 – 27 July 1751) was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1718 until 1726 when he succeeded to a peerage as Duke of St Albans..

Arms of the 2nd Duke of St Albans. The arms quarter his parents' arms because his mother was an heraldic heiress.

Early life[edit]

Beauclerk was the son of Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, and his wife Diana Beauclerk, Duchess of St Albans. His paternal grandparents were Charles II of England and Nell Gwynne.[1] He was styled Earl of Burford until 1726. He was educated at Eton College from 1706 and matriculated at New College, Oxford on 24 April 1714.[2] From 1716 to 1717 he undertook a Grand Tour in Italy.[3] On 13 December 1722, he married Lucy Werden [4] the eldest daughter and coheir of Sir John Werden, 2nd Baronet.

Career[edit]

Beauclerke was returned as Member of Parliament for Bodmin at a by-election on 26 February 1718. At the 1722 general election he was returned as MP for Windsor. He sat until 1726 when on the death of his father he succeeded to the peerage and vacated his seat in the House of Commons. He was appointed master of the hawks in 1726 and held office until his death. He was Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire from 1727 to his death. In 1730 he was appointed Constable and governor of Windsor castle and Warden of Windsor forest. He was appointed Lord of the bedchamber in 1738 and held the position until his death. He was High steward of Windsor.[3]

Death and legacy[edit]

Beauclerk died in 1751, aged 55 in London and was interred in Westminster Abbey. He and his wife had two children:

By his mistress and first-cousin Renee Lennox (1709–1774), illegitimate daughter of Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond and his mistress Jacqueline de Mezieres he had a daughter.

  • Diane Beauclerk-Lennox (1727–?) who became the mistress of Baron Alessandro Mompalalao Cuzkeri.

And by his mistress Marie-Françoise de la Rochefoucauld, daughter of Casimir-Jean Charles, lord of Fontpastour and Chey he had a daughter.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thepeerage.com - C Beauclerk, 1st Duke
  2. ^ "'Barrowby-Benn', in Alumni Oxonienses 1500-1714, ed. Joseph Foster (Oxford, 1891), pp. 79-105". British History Online. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b "BEAUCLERK, Charles, Earl of Burford (1696-1751)". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Portrait of a lady, possibly Lucy Duchess of St Albans". Archived from the original on 2013-02-15.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Francis Robartes
John Legh
Member of Parliament for Bodmin
1718–1722
With: John Legh 1715–1722
Succeeded by
Isaac le Heup
Richard West
Preceded by
Sir Henry Ashurst
Samuel Travers
Member of Parliament for Windsor
1722–1726
With: The Earl of Inchiquin 1722–1727
Succeeded by
The Earl of Inchiquin
Lord Vere Beauclerk
Political offices
Preceded by
New office
Master of the Horse to Queen Caroline
1727
Succeeded by
The Earl of Pomfret
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of St Albans
Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire
1727–1751
Succeeded by
The Duke of St Albans
Preceded by
The Earl of Carlisle
Constable and Governor of Windsor Castle
1730–1751
Succeeded by
The Earl of Cardigan
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Charles Beauclerk
Duke of St Albans
1726–1751
Succeeded by
George Beauclerk