Charles Hope, 1st Earl of Hopetoun

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Earl of Hopetoun
Charles Hope 1st Earl of Hopetoun.jpg
Shire Commissioner for Linlithgow
In office
Serving with Patrick Murray
Preceded byPatrick Murray
Thomas Shairp
Succeeded byThomas Shairp
John Montgomerie
Personal details
Charles Hope

Died26 February 1742(1742-02-26) (aged 60–61)
Lady Henrietta Johnstone
(after 1699)
RelationsJames Hope of Hopetoun (grandfather)
ParentJohn Hope

Charles Hope, 1st Earl of Hopetoun KT PC (1681 – 26 February 1742) was a Scottish nobleman.

Early life[edit]

He was the son of John Hope of Hopetoun by a daughter of the 4th Earl of Haddington. His father, John Hope, purchased the barony of Niddry Castle from George Seton, 4th Earl of Winton around 1680. He also bought the neighbouring barony of Abercorn, with the office of heritable sheriff of the County of Linlithgow, from Sir Walter Seton.[1]

His paternal grandfather was Sir James Hope of Hopetoun and paternal great-grandfather was Sir Thomas Hope, 1st Baronet of Craighall, Fife.[1]


In 1681, John Hope was shire commissioner for Linlithgow in the Parliament of Scotland. The following year, his father drowned with the sinking of HMS Gloucester in 1682.[2] Traveling with the Duke of York, family tradition has that his father had secured a seat in a rescue boats but gave it up to the Duke of York.[2] The tradition continues that in recognition of this act, Charles was created Earl of Hopetoun in the Peerage of Scotland by Queen Anne on 15 April 1703, shortly after reaching his majority.[2]


Charles Hope supported the union with England. He later served as a Scottish representative peer at Westminster, from 1722 until his death. Lord Hopetoun acted as Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 1723, and was Governor of the Bank of Scotland from 1740 until his death. He was created a Knight of the Thistle in 1738.[3]

Personal life[edit]

In 1699, Charles Hope married Lady Henrietta Johnstone, daughter of William Johnstone, 1st Marquess of Annandale and the former Sophia Fairholm (a daughter of John Fairholm of Craigiehall). Their children include:[4]

Lord Hopetoun died on 26 February 1742 and was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son, John.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Burke, Bernard (1866). A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire. Harrison. pp. 300–301. Retrieved 9 February 2022.
  2. ^ a b c Paul, Sir James Balfour (ed.). "The Diary of Sir James Hope, 1646-1654". Volume 19, The Miscellany of Scottish History. Scotland: The Scottish Historical Society. p. 105. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Hope, Charles (1681-1742)" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  4. ^ "History of the Hope Family". Hopetoun. Retrieved 9 February 2022.
  5. ^ Thomas Bailey Saunders (1894). The Life and Letters of James Macpherson. University of Michigan. S. Sonnenschein & co .; Macmillan & co. pp. 63–64.
Parliament of Scotland
Preceded by
Patrick Murray
Thomas Shairp
Shire Commissioner for Linlithgow
With: Patrick Murray
Succeeded by
Thomas Shairp
John Montgomerie
Peerage of Scotland
New creation Earl of Hopetoun
Succeeded by