Charles I of Württemberg
|King of Württemberg|
|Reign||25 June 1864 – 6 October 1891|
6 March 1823|
Stuttgart, Kingdom of Württemberg
|Died||6 October 1891
Stuttgart, Kingdom of Württemberg, buried: Old Castle (Stuttgart)
|Spouse||Olga Nikolaevna of Russia|
|House||House of Württemberg|
|Father||William I of Württemberg|
|Mother||Pauline Therese of Württemberg|
He was born on 6 March 1823 in Stuttgart, as HRH Charles Frederick Alexander, Crown Prince of Württemberg, the son of William I, King of Württemberg (1781–1864) and his third wife (and first cousin) Pauline Therese of Württemberg (1800–1873).
Marriage and King of Württemberg
On 13 July 1846 he married Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaievna of Russia, daughter of Tsar Nicholas I and Charlotte of Prussia. Charlotte was a daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. She took the name Alexandra upon her marriage. Karl acceded to the throne upon his father's death in 1864.
The couple had no children, perhaps because of Karl's homosexuality. Karl became the object of scandal several times for his closeness with various men. The most notorious of these was the American Charles Woodcock, a former chamberlain whom Karl elevated to Baron Savage in 1888. Karl and Charles became inseparable, going so far as to appear together in public dressed identically. The resulting outcry forced Karl to renounce his favorite. Woodcock returned to America, and Karl found private consolation some years later with the technical director of the royal theater, Wilhelm George.
He sided with Austria in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, but after the battle of Sadowa concluded a secret military treaty with Prussia, and took part on her side in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–'71, joining the new German Empire at the close of 1870.
|This section does not cite any sources. (July 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
For Karl's homosexuality and other familiar issues:
- Queen Olga of Württemberg. Traum der Jugend goldener Stern, Reutlingen, Günther Neske, 1955
- Jette Sachs-Colignon. Königin Olga von Württemberg, Stieglitz, 2002
- Paul Sauer. Regent mit mildem Zepter. König Karl von Württemberg, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt Stuttgart, 1999
- Sabine Thomsen. Die württembergischen Königinnen. Charlotte Mathilde, Katharina, Pauline, Olga, Charlotte – ihr Leben und Wirken [The Queens of Wuerttemberg: Charlotte Matilde, Katharina, Pauline, Olga, Charlotte – Their Lives and Legacies]. Silberburg-Verlag, 2006.
- Jette Sachs-Colignon. Königin Olga von Württemberg, Stieglitz, 2002.
- [Mann für Mann, Bernd-Ulrich Hergemöller, Pages 409, 410]
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Charles I. (Würtemberg)". The American Cyclopædia.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Charles I of Württemberg.|
Charles I of WürttembergBorn: 6 March 1823 Died: 6 October 1891
|King of Württemberg