Charles Mingus: Triumph of the Underdog
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|Charles Mingus: Triumph of the Underdog|
|Directed by||Don McGlynn|
|Produced by||Don McGlynn
|Written by||Don McGlynn|
|Music by||Charles Mingus|
|Edited by||Don McGlynn
||This section's plot summary may be too long or excessively detailed. (March 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Charles Mingus narrates pieces of his own story. Born from a half black/half Swedish father and a half black/half Chinese mother (later having a half black/half Indian step-mother) Mingus tried to be all types of races but found he was a misfit that didn't belong anywhere; so he says he's just a negro. He sums this up stating, "In a society which sends messages that are racists capitalists, and have Judaeo-Christian ethic roots, the transmission of these messages to Black people can lead to socializing of their young with non-complementary values."
He plays the cello. Although he was a famed jazz musician, he was not famed enough to, make a living. Gunther Schuller a composer/conductor/historian states that Charles Mingus is high up with American composers. Mingus's work is compared by Schuller to Duke Ellington. Mingus is more known as a bass leader than as a composer. Mingus as a composer, is not highly recognized for how great he was. Mingus states that in relation to race, "one day he will pledge allegiance to see that some day (America) will look to its own promises, to the victims that they call citizens".
John Handy and Sue Mingus describe Charles as individual, volatile, strong, supremely honest, uncompromising, and having a very dynamic personality that ran like the color spectrum; testing people to see how far he could go. Wynton Marsalis describes Charles as never victimized by a style and that he was always relating his music to something human.
Jerome Richardson says Mingus was aware of what was going in regards to race and never backed down from it. John Handy says he did what most others could not, mainly because he was conscious of the race issue. his music portrayed dramatized events, past and present maybe even futuristic. He also notes that Mingus was writing compositions when everyone else was writing tunes. Gunther Schuller adds that all of his variety of his personality comes out in Mingus's music, and not only that it is the widest range of music composed by one single human being. It covers the entire range of human emotions, conditions. so he reflected who he was through his music. In addition, Schuller states that anything that was music, Mingus absorbed, and he absorbed it fast.
When asked by Chris Albertson how Mingus feels about the term music, or jazz, Mingus replied with its like someone is using a substitute name for music.
Randy Brecker notes that the willingness to expose yourself, is something that Mingus did.
Schuller notes that Mingus studied composers like Stravinsky.
He was a bass player that studied avant garde music in the 1930s.
Snooki Young says that there were many clubs on Central avenue back then, and that they would have random jazz sessions. Mingus was just one of the guys.
Britt Woodman, who played trombone with Duke Ellington, recalls that Mingus really liked Duke Ellington emerged in 1920s as one of the greatest composers of all time, perfectly encapsulating jazz music's innovative creativity.
Juan Tizol asked Mingus to play for him. Mingus couldn't play, as he was nervous, and Tizol said that he knew that niggas can't read. This made Mingus really mad.
Charles said that he was going to get Tizol. Mingus pushed Tizol out of the way, and Mingus played with Duke.
Eddie Bert remembers that Mingus said that they carried on like it was a dance routine.
Duke fired Tizol and hired Mingus the same day.
After Mingus discovered Duke Ellington, and classical music, he just needed another step up with the crazy be-bop music.
In May 1953 Mingus worked with Parker.
Mingus was one of the first artists that had an artist-run record company. Mingus's wife helped pack records started on a shoe string
Mingus would not play without his drummer Dannie Richmond. Dannie first drum lesson was from Mingus. when Dannie and Mingus finally talked, Mingus said that playing an instrument is like having a conversation.
Mingus felt he was being cheated with the major record company. So he started his own company called Charles Mingus Enterprises, this was one of his first real successes. They put out four albums.
At the peak of Jazz in the late 50s and early 60s, Mingus performed every night for six months at a time. Then in the late 1960s, the music world realized how much money could be made from rock music. When Mingus realized this, he went crazy and spent two months a psych ward.
After he got out, he completely dropped out of music.
He got a gig as a photographer but went crazy. He threw scenes at bars.
When he did the documentary, he was in an anguished time. He was thrown out of his apartment that he just rented. It was a sad, difficult time for Mingus.
A tribute to Duke took him out of it, was a tribute to Duke. they wanted Mingus to attend.
After that event, Mingus started playing music again. Concerts allowed Mingus to play in a way he wanted. George Adams would come to work and the fifth wheel would sometimes be gone.
"Sue's Changes" was written for his wife Sue in July 1975 and first recorded in 1974.
The doctors said he had only a little while to live.
When he was paralyzed, he sang with what was left into a tape recorder.
He went to the White House.
Dorian Mingus is the son of Charles and Celia.
Mingus told his son that he had no color.
Charles Mingus died on January 5, 1979.
- "Started Melody" rehearsed by The Mingus Big Band at the Time Cafe (1997); intercut with the Town Hall performance of the same song (October 1962).
- "Epitaph" (which includes "Started Melody") at the Lincoln Center/Alice Tully Hall (June 1989).
- "This Subdues My Passion" by Boron Mingus and his Octet (May 1946).
- "Caravan" by Duke Ellington and His Orchestra (composer Juan Tizol)
- "Slide Hamp Slide" by Lionel Hampton and His Orchestra.
- The Massey Hall Concert with Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillepie, Bud Powell, and Max Roach in Toronto in (May 1953).
- "Pithecanthropus Erectus" performed October 1970 (January 1956).
- "Better Get it in Your Soul" (May 1959).
- "Weird Nightmare"
- "The Clown" introduced by Duke Ellington at UCB (September 1969).
- "Sue's Changes" (July 1975).
- "Celia" (August 1957).
- "Goodbye Porkpie Hat" (1959).
- "Something Like a Bird" rehearsal (January 1978).
- "Chair in the Sky" written by Joni Mitchel (1978).
- "Sue Changes" by The Mingus Dynasty Band.
- "The Children's Hour of the Dream"
- Brian Priestley
- Britt Woodman
- Celia Mingus
- Dannie Richmond
- Don Butterfield
- Dorian Mingus
- Eddie Bert
- Gunther Schuller
- Jerome Richardson
- Jimmy Knepper
- John Handy
- Lew Soloff
- Randy Brecker
- Snooky Young
- Sue Mingus
- Wynton Marsalis