China Everbright Group
|Tang Shuangning (Chairman)|
|CN¥53.2 billion (2015)|
|CN¥13.3 billion (2015)|
|Total assets||CN¥3,496.9 billion (2015)|
|Total equity||CN¥99.0 billion (2015)|
|Parent||State Council of China (indirect)|
|Chinese short name|
|Footnotes / references|
in a consolidated basis
China Everbright Group is a Chinese state-owned enterprise. Everbright Group was a subsidiary (55.67 percent) of Central Huijin Investment. The Ministry of Finance of China owned the rest of the stake, which Central Huijin acquired on 8 December 2014.
China Everbright Holdings was established in British Hong Kong in 1983, by three proxy persons for the Government of China: Wang Guangying, Zhang Lansheng (Chinese: 張瀾生) and Ren Xiguang (Chinese: 任錫光), with Wang "owned" most of the shares until 1990, which was transferred to Qiu Qing (Chinese: 邱晴), the second chairman of the company. Wang was the chairman and one of the 5 executive directors along with Kong Dan and three others in 1985, which was ratified by the State Council of the People's Republic of China. The State Council ratified the establishment of Everbright by a State Council document numbered No.89 . (Chinese: 国务院国发89号文, not published to the public).
The group now had a parent company incorporated in Beijing (as China Everbright Group, was known as Chinese: 中國光大（集團）總公司, incorporated in 1990 but could be traced back to 光大实业公司, the name used in the document of the State Council) and a wholly owned subsidiary incorporated in Hong Kong (China Everbright Holdings Co., Ltd. Chinese: 中國光大集團有限公司 was known as Violight Industry Co., Ltd. Chinese: 紫光實業有限公司 from 1983 to 1984). Due to foreign exchange controls, the main overseas businesses were centered on the Hong Kong based subsidiary.
Everbright Group founded China Everbright Bank in 1992, the stake in the bank was diluted by the subscription of new shares by Central Huijin Investment in 2007, as well as Everbright Group injected part of the stake of the bank to Everbright Group's subsidiary: China Everbright Limited in 1997.
In 1993 China Everbright Group acquired 20 percent stake of Hong Kong based International Bank of Asia. (The stake was then injected to China Everbright Limited in 1997, which was sold in 2004).
Everbright Group also acquired several listed companies as reverse IPO to form China Everbright Limited (SEHK: 165) in 1994 (renamed and restructured in 1997) and China Everbright International Limited (SEHK: 257) in 1993.
Everbright Securities was founded in Shanghai in 1996.
In 1998, instead of reporting to the State Council directly, Everbright Group was assigned to the People's Bank of China as the intermediate supervising entity. In 2000, China Securities Regulatory Commission and China Insurance Regulatory Commission were added as the supervisors for the financial businesses, with the Ministry of Finance excising the shareholders rights. State Economic and Trade Commission was also added as the regulator if the business was in the scope of the commission. Lastly, the Committee of Communist Party of China inside the company (the de facto highest board of the company) would be reporting to another supervising minister of the Central Committee of the party. Zhu Xiaohua, the former chairman of the group who was arrested in 1999, was jailed in 2002.
In 2007 the group was split into financial and non-financial company, the latter was led by China Everbright Industrial (Group) Co., Ltd. (Chinese: 中国光大实业（集团）有限责任公司), which was owned by Central Huijin from 2007 to 2014 (merged back to China Everbright Group).
In 2014, Central Huijin became a major shareholder of Everbright Group by injecting 90 billion shares of Everbright Bank and 100 percent stake of Everbright Industrial back into Everbright Group. The company also re-incorporated as a joint-stock company with limited liabilities (as Chinese: 中國光大集團股份公司). 
Subsidiaries and equity investments
The company via its wholly owned subsidiary China Everbright Holdings (Chinese: 中國光大集團有限公司), owned 49.74 percent stake of China Everbright Limited and 0.18 percent stake of China Everbright Bank. China Everbright Group also owned 29.68% stake of Everbright Securities, 23.96 per cent stake of China Everbright Bank directly. China Everbright Group also owned 41.39 percent stake in Everbright International and 4.98% stake in Shenwan Hongyuan Group. China Everbright Bank was also owned by Central Huijin Investment, making Everbright Group and Everbright Bank were sister companies.
- "中国光大集团股份公司2016年度第一期中期票据发行文件" [China Everbright Group 2016 (batch 1) medium term notes issue document]. China Everbright Group. archive of Shanghai Clearing House. 30 August 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
- "2015 Annual Report" (PDF). China Everbright Bank. Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 29 April 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "中国光大集团简介" (in Chinese). China Everbright Group. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- Fortune.com accessed on 25 June 2017
- 1983 Annual Return, Hong Kong Companies Registry
- 1990 Annual Return, Hong Kong Companies Registry
- "国函﹝1985﹞：28号国务院关于光大实业公司成立董事会的批复" (in Chinese). State Council of the People's Republic of China. 19 February 1985. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- "历史沿革" [History] (in Chinese). China Everbright Group. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- "Key Milestones & Accolades". Fubon Bank (Hong Kong). Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "Discolsable Transaction" (PDF). China Everbright Limited. Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 8 March 2004. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "Corporate Profile". China Everbright Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "国办发(1998)9号:国务院办公厅关于部委联系公司的通知" (in Chinese). General Office of the State Council. 29 March 1998. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- "国办函(1998)49号:国务院办公厅关于中国人民银行联系中信公司和光大公司意见的复函" (in Chinese). General Office of the State Council. 15 October 1998. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- "国办函(2000)74号:国务院办公厅关于中国光大集团国务院办公厅关于中国光大集团管理问题的通知" (in Chinese). General Office of the State Council. 21 October 2000. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- "China Prosecutes a Banker As Loan Scandals Continue". The New York Times. 16 August 2002. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- "2016 Interim Report" (PDF). Everbright Securities. archive of Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 26 September 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- Official website (in Chinese)