National Development and Reform Commission

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National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
Guójiā Fāzhǎn hé Gǎigé Wěiyuánhuì
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg
Agency overview
FormedNovember 1952; 70 years ago (1952-11)
Preceding agencies
  • State Planning Commission (1952–1998)
  • State Development Planning Commission (1998–2003)
TypeConstituent Department of the State Council (cabinet-level)
Jurisdiction China
Minister responsible
Parent agencyState Council
National Development and Reform Commission
Simplified Chinese国家发展和改革委员会
Traditional Chinese國家發展和改革委員會
Literal meaningState Development and Reform Commission
Commonly abbreviated as
Simplified Chinese发改委
Traditional Chinese發改委
Literal meaningDevelop-Reform-Commission

The National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China (NDRC), formerly State Planning Commission and State Development Planning Commission, is a macroeconomic management agency under the State Council, which has broad administrative and planning control over the economy of Mainland China. It has reputation of being the "mini-state council".[1]

The candidate for the chairperson of the NDRC is nominated by the Premier of the People's Republic of China and approved by the National People's Congress. Since February 2017 the commission has been headed by He Lifeng.


The NDRC's functions are to study and formulate policies for economic and social development, maintain the balance of economic development, and to guide restructuring of the economic system of Mainland China.[2] The NDRC has twenty-six functional departments/bureaus/offices with an authorized staff size of 890 civil servants. Prior to 2018, it was also responsible for enforcing China's antitrust law, but this function has been transferred to the State Administration for Market Regulation.

The NDRC is one of the main government agencies responsible for data collection for the Chinese Social Credit System.[3]

On 19 December 2020, the NDRC published rules for reviewing foreign investment on national security grounds.[4][5] The rules allow government agencies "to preview, deny and punish foreign investment activities in areas that are deemed as important to national security."[5] In October 2021, the NDRC published rules restricting private capital in "news-gathering, editing, broadcasting, and distribution."[6]

List of Ministers in charge of the Commission[edit]

No. Name Office Took office Left office Premier
1 Gao Gang Chairman of the
Central People's Government State Planning Commission
November 1952 August 1954 Independent of the Premier Zhou Enlai
2 Li Fuchun Minister in charge of the
State Planning Commission
September 1954 January 1975 Zhou Enlai
3 Yu Qiuli January 1975 August 1980 Zhou Enlai
Hua Guofeng
4 Yao Yilin August 1980 June 1983 Zhao Ziyang
5 Song Ping June 1983 June 1987 Zhao Ziyang
6 Yao Yilin June 1987 December 1989 Zhao Ziyang
Li Peng
7 Zou Jiahua December 1989 March 1993 Li Peng
8 Chen Jinhua March 1993 March 1998 Li Peng
9 Zeng Peiyan Minister in charge of the
State Development Planning Commission
March 1998 March 2003 Zhu Rongji
10 Ma Kai Minister in charge of the
National Development and Reform Commission
March 2003 March 2008 Wen Jiabao
11 Zhang Ping March 2008 16 March 2013 Wen Jiabao
12 Xu Shaoshi 16 March 2013 24 February 2017 Li Keqiang
13 He Lifeng 24 February 2017 Incumbent Li Keqiang

Current leadership[edit]

Minister in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission
  1. He Lifeng - also a vice-chairman of the CPPCC National Committee (sub-state level national leader)
  1. Mu Hong - Minister level, Deputy General Office chief of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms
  2. Zhang Yong - Minister level
  3. Ning Jizhe - Minister level
  4. Lian Weiliang (连维良)
  5. Lin Nianxiu (林念修)
  6. Hu Zucai (胡祖才)
  7. Luo Wen (罗文)[2]


Sub-ministry-level national administrations administed by the NDRC

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Woodall, Brian (May 29, 2014). "The Development of China's Developmental State: Environmental Challenges and Stages of Growth". China Research Center. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "中华人民共和国国家发展和改革委员会".
  3. ^ Liang & al. (2018). "Constructing a Data-Driven Society: China's Social Credit System as a State Surveillance Infrastructure". Policy & Internet. 10 (4): 415–453. doi:10.1002/poi3.183. S2CID 149771597.
  4. ^ "China issues national security rules on foreign investment". Reuters. December 19, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "China Defends National Security Rules for Foreign Investment". Bloomberg News. December 19, 2020.
  6. ^ Hui, Mary (October 11, 2021). "China wants an even more dominant state monopoly on the media". Quartz. Retrieved October 11, 2021.

External links[edit]