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Prior to August 2008, Chkhalta was part of 'Upper Abkhazia', the only part of Abkhazia controlled by the Georgian government. During the August 2008 war in South Ossetia, Abkhazian forces gained control of Chkhalta and the rest of Upper Abkhazia.  Most of Chkalta's inhabitants fled the advancing troops and have yet to return.
- Abkhazia is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Abkhazia and the Republic of Georgia. The Republic of Abkhazia unilaterally declared independence on 23 July 1992, but Georgia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Abkhazia has received formal recognition as an independent state from 5 out of 193 United Nations member states.
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