|Location||Bounded by: Viale Berengario, Viale Cassiodorio, Viale Duilio, Piazzale Giulio Cesare, Via Ambrogio Spinola, Via Senofonte, Via Severino Boezio
|Architect||Arata Isozaki & Associates
Studio Daniel Libeskind
Zaha Hadid Architects
Andrea Maffei Architects
|Contractor||Tre Torri Contractor|
|Size||36.6 ha (90 acres)|
The development is being carried out by a company controlled by Generali Group, that won the international tender for the redevelopment of the historic neighborhood of Fiera Milano with an offer of €523 million. The project is designed by famous architects Zaha Hadid, Arata Isozaki and Daniel Libeskind.
- 1 History
- 2 Development project
- 3 Architecture and design
- 3.1 Skyscrapers
- 3.2 Residences
- 3.3 Culture
- 3.4 Public spaces & other buildings
- 4 Transport
- 5 Adjacent developments
- 6 Key figure
- 7 Gallery
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The new exhibition centre in Rho-Pero opened in 2005, 85 years after the first Trade Fair in April 1920. The Fiera’s move outside Milan benefitted the city by eliminating traffic problems caused by big events and by freeing up a highly valuable area. An international tender for the redevelopment of the old Fiera area, seeking to create an unprecedented level of connectivity with the surrounding urban context, concluded in 2004. The CityLife project won the competition due to the high level of architectural and environmental quality it offered.
The 20 exhibition halls, with a total volume of about 2.5 million cubic metres, were demolished and submit to remediation in 2007 and 2008. Painstaking efforts were made to protect and recover the area’s stock of trees, 120 of which were saved and relocated in the public parks over Milan. Since 2007 a Permanent Environmental Observatory has worked to protect the surrounding districts. Administered by local public authorities, it controls the noise, dust and environmental impact during all stages of construction, using among other things, sound-absorbing and dust protective.
General project and layout
The project involves the construction of three skyscrapers, with dedicated areas for offices, stores, restaurants and services. The luxury residential area will cover about 164,000 square metres, with around 1,300 apartments (housing about 4,500 people). In addition, more than 50% of the available area, 170,000 square metres are dedicated to green spaces. There will also be underground parking space for around 7,000 vehicles. Further to the existing public transportation network, the CityLife area will be served by a new extension of the metro line 5, with a dedicated station at the centre of the Piazza Tre Torri.
Timeline - Completed works:
- 2009-13 Daniel Libeskind Residences / Via Spinola, 8; Zaha Hadid Residences / Via Senofonte, 2-4
- 2010 Green parterres
- 2010-12 Underground line (work as pertaining to CityLife)
- 2012-15 Il Dritto / The Straight One / Allianz Tower
- 2013 Park (first portion - 25,000 square metres)
- 2013-15 Park (second portion - 33,000 square metres)
Timeline - Under construction:
- 2013-18 Shopping district
- 2014-17 Lo Storto / The Twisted One / Generali Tower
- 2015-16 Park (later portion)
- 2015-18 Il Curvo / The Curved One
CityLife is equipped with the most advanced alternative energy systems. Its installations mainly use sources such as ground water, district heating, and photovoltaics. The Tre Torri offices have been awarded the prestigious GOLD level LEED™ pre-certification.
CityLife is the largest car-free area in Milan and one of the biggest in Europe. Cars can reach garages and parking areas along an innovative underground road system. A cycle and pedestrian path crosses the area from east to west, connecting Parco Sempione to Monte Stella. Broad avenues lead from the residences to the centre of the district where to find shops, bars and restaurants overlooking the park.
Architecture and design
The Straight One
209 m (686 ft)249 m (817 ft) (with broadcast antenna)
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Arata Isozaki & Associates
Andrea Maffei Architects
The Twisted One
|Roof||185 m (607 ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Zaha Hadid Architects|
The Curved One
|Roof||175 m (574 ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Studio Daniel Libeskind|
Il Dritto / The Straight One / Allianz Tower
Il Dritto (The Straight One in English) or Allianz Tower is currently one of the tallest buildings in Italy at 207 m (679 ft) - 247 m (810 ft) with broadcast antenna - and with its 50 floors is the tallest to the roof. It was designed by the Japanese architect Arata Isozaki in collaboration with Italian architect Andrea Maffei.
The tower is composed by 8 modules by 6 floors each one. The facade of the module is composed by a triple glass unit slightly curved to outside. The vertical succession of rounded forms create a feeling of slight vibration of the volume of the building as it rises upward. Elevations of the short sides are fully glazed and show the mechanical series of 6 panoramic lifts going up and down to the various floors of the building.
The idea of endless tower can be compared to previous ambitions of other artists as Constantin Brancusi, for example, who in 1937-38 installed one of his endless column of Targu-Jiu in the park to create repeatable systems indefinitely.
Lo Storto / The Twisted One / Generali Tower
Lo Storto (The Twisted One in English) or Generali Tower will reach a height of 185 m (607 ft) with 44 floors (+ 3 floors basement), and a total floor area of about 67,000 square metres. Its designer is the Anglo-Iraqi architect Zaha Hadid. The geometry of the building is that of a warping shape, where both the floors dimension and their orientation vary along the tower axis.
The structure is concrete and composite. A central core acts as main horizontal stiffening and resisting element. Foundations are of mixed raft and piles type, where the piles are used as settlement reduction devices. The base raft is a 2,5 m thick concrete slab, resting on 64 piles arranged in clusters and points under the main load points. In order to resis the main torsional effects due to the warped column arrangement, the core lintels above main doors feature composite solutions with a mixed use of steel elements, rebar and concrete. Due to the specific form-dependent deformation effects, a highly sophisticated stage analysis both for construction and long term effects has been effected. A steel, free form podium for commercial use surrounds the base of the building.
Il Curvo / The Curved One
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Il Curvo (The Curved One in English) will reach a height of 175 m (574 ft) with 28 floors, and a total floor area of about 76,000 square metres. Situated between Il Dritto and Lo Storto, Il Curvo will slope in toward its counterparts and the Piazza Tre Torri below.
The Renaissance cupola is the basic principle behind Il Curvo’s concept. It is reinterpreted through the concave movement of its elevation and it culminates in the crown, both distinctive elements of the project. The curved tower’s facade is made of sustainable, state of the art glass, that will reflect the public space below and vistas around.
Hadid Residences / Via Senofonte, 2-4
Situated in the south-east part of the CityLife area, the residences on Via Senofonte have been designed by Zaha Hadid. The residences are composed of seven buildings offering a wide range of possibilities from one-bed apartments to double-height penthouses.
The residences on Via Senofonte are accessed through spacious lobbies with distinctive architectural features such as large windows overlooking the park. The details and refinement of the design give the entrances a high level of prestige. The furniture, designed by Zaha Hadid, is harmoniously integrated into the spaces by its soft and enveloping lines. The residences designed by Zaha Hadid provide their inhabitants with a daily experience of great beauty, fluidity and lightness. The residences on Via Senofonte follow the sinuous course of the roofs and balconies, creating a very dynamic and elegant effect that echoes the landscape below.
The gardens of the residences designed by Zaha Hadid follow the flowing lines of the buildings and are moved by paved paths and grassy areas with slight depressions that create pleasant rest areas. The courtyards offer a quiet and safe environment offer striking views over the city and the park. The residences on Via Senofonte are Class A certified.
Libeskind Residences / Via Spinola, 8
Situated in the south-west part of the CityLife area, the residences on Via Spinola have been designed by Daniel Libeskind. The residences are composed of five buildings offering a wide range of possibilities from one-bed apartments to double-height penthouses.
The residences on Via Spinola are in the stylish Fiera Milano district, between Piazza Giulio Cesare and Piazza Amendola. On one side they look out over the new public park with panoramic views of the Alps and the city centre. Daniel Libeskind has designed a residential archipelago to best meet the needs of modern living: the design reinterprets the classic residential courtyard model to create a circular pattern. The alternation of façade materials and the vertical orientation of the alignments give a sculptural effect to the buildings. A system of balconies creates outdoor spaces of different depths for each apartment.
There are private gardens and access roads to buildings along the perimeter. In the middle of a natural landscape, with pleasant rest areas, the courtyard is built on a circular hill that descends gradually towards the underground road. The residences on Via Spinola are Class A certified.
The residential tower, designed by Daniel Libeskind, is planned.
Palazzo delle Scintille
The former Pavilion 3 of Fiera Milano City, which is located in Viale Cassiodoro with a total area of 15,500 square metres, is under reconstruction. It used to be called the Palazzo dello Sport, and was built by Paolo Vietti-Violi in April 1923 for the Milan Motor Show. As of November of the same year, it was equipped with a velodrome. It was one of the first buildings to see the light in the emerging Fiera Milano exhibition district. It will be renamed the Palazzo delle Scintille, a place for culture, for fashion and design exhibitions at international level.
Museum of Contemporary Art
Public spaces & other buildings
Piazza Tre Torri
The Piazza Tre Torri is located in the center of the three towers along the pedestrian pathway which links Largo Domodossola with the new public park. The double story plaza reveals itself at the two principle levels of the public domain, acting as a junction between the park and the pedestrian axis Domodossola. Within the same design scope is the below ground parking in addition to the basement levels of the Il Dritto which connect the parking lots to the above commercial activity. Retail functions, strongly characterized in part by the fashion mall at the base of the Lo Storto, and the outdoor commercial activity distributed around the plaza and along the pathway towards Piazza VI Febbraio, permit the public square to open itself up to the city and the surrounding park.
The public plaza’s configuration highlights three important aspects. Firstly, the plaza links the park's southern and northern parts, therefore between the present day Piazza Giulio Cesare and Via Domodossola. Secondly, it establishes an East-West relationship, which correlates Piazza VI Febbraio with the fashion mall and park to the west. Finally, the central Tre Torre Plaza is an urban fulcrum and integral part to the pathway system described. Moreover, this horizontal movement flow network superimposes a vertical system, which links all three towers at both their access levels, and the two public reference levels of the entire project, with the metro station.
The strong spatial articulation is resolved through large openings that overlook the hypogea plaza, freeing the view of the three towers from below and allowing for a direct integration with the same. The lower level, defined by the ceiling design that turns up into the large apertures and partly onto the blind facades between the windows, reinforces once again the continuity of place between diverse levels. The shrubbery and ornamental grasses, which ornate the flowerbeds in front of the towers help to confer a certain intimacy to the private outdoor areas. Shrubs and colorful flowered borders, some of which will variate with the change of seasons frame all openings.
The plaza's illumination source hang from cables strung between facing buildings. In this specific case, the electrical cables use the canopy's structural supports as their starting point and run in an appropriate manner throughout the open space illuminating both levels at the same time.
With an area of about 170,000 square metres, it includes cycling and walking paths. It also completes the group of parks in the north-west of Milan, with Parco Sempione and the park of Porta Nuova Business District. The international competition for the design of the park was proclaimed in 2010 and was won by the architectural studios: Gustafson Porter, Melk, One Works and Ove Arup.
The landscaping design reflects the diversity of the Lombard environment, recreating the differences in height between the mountains and the plain, the two most distinguishing features of the region. 1,500 new trees provide continuity with the variety and biodiversity of the area. It is a huge green space where to walk, play and reconnect with nature.
The south entrance to the new park will be the historic Fountain of the Four Seasons (Fontana delle Quattro Stagioni) in Piazza Giulio Cesare, restored to its splendour and to working order. A little further north a fountain creates a new attraction and evokes the landscapes typical of the Lombard plain.
The total GLA of the Podium is about 20,000 square metres and includes retail, multiplex cinema, food court. The structure is based on framed schemes, made by steel girders and concrete slabs on folded plates, arranged in a composite structural mechanism. The structure is crossed by a major point of the substructure, so that horizontal stability is achieved by the use of separate systems - combination of concrete cores and steel bracings - for the two halves of the structural body. The columns arrangement has to follow the free-form internal space, and to match with the substructure structural grid. As a result, spans are variable and many areas feature very long spans and cantilevers, which are solved by using truss girders in plane and spatial arrangements. The facade structures must allow free movements of the superstructure and follow the outer skin shape, and are based on vertical frames of variable shape, mostly following hybrid truss and beam schemes.
Shopping mall Viale Cassiodoro
A design competition for architects aged under 35 led to the design of an entirely new concept of a nursery in accordance with the latest teaching methods. This new nursery will be built entirely of wood and with zero emissions and it will nestle in the midst of the CityLife park.
Within CityLife area:
MiCo Milan Convention Centre
Featuring two plenary rooms, one with seating for 4,000 and the other for 2,000 and an Auditorium that seats 1,500, it is the ideal venue for large-scale performances and for international conferences requiring a large number of rooms. In the same way, the exhibition halls offer 54,000 square metres of exhibition space and can also be set up as extra plenary rooms accommodating more than 5,000 people. The conference rooms feature the full range of technologies. A parking lot for more than 1,100 cars and an heliport are included.
The Vigorelli Velodrome – the venue of World Championships track cycling races and the Six-Days race – will be renovated as part of the CityLife transformation project, returning the sports venue to Milan.
At the end of July 2014, Generali Group reached an agreement with Allianz to become sole owner of CityLife, through the acquisition of the remaining 33% of the company that manages CityLife. At the same time, Allianz will acquire Il Dritto and part of the residential district within the area. CityLife has also reached a binding agreement with the financial institutions financing the project to redefine some terms and conditions of the original deal.
- "Isozaki Tower". skyscrapercenter.
- "Interim Report as at September 30, 2014 - Press Release" (PDF). Generali Group.