|Dame Zaha Hadid
|Born||Zaha Mohammad Hadid
31 October 1950
|Alma mater||American University of Beirut
Architectural Association School of Architecture
|Practice||Zaha Hadid Architects|
|Buildings||Maxxi, Bridge Pavilion, Maggie's Centre, Contemporary Arts Center|
Dame Zaha Mohammad Hadid, DBE (Arabic: زها حديد Zahā Ḥadīd; born 31 October 1950) is an Iraqi-British architect. In 2004 she became the first woman recipient of the Pritzker Architecture Prize. She received the Stirling Prize in 2010 and 2011. In 2012 she was made a dame. In 2014 the Heydar Aliyev Cultural Centre, designed by her, won the Design Museum Design of the Year Award, making her the first woman to win the top prize in that competition. In 2015 she became the first woman to be awarded the RIBA Gold Medal in her own right.
Her buildings are distinctively neofuturistic, characterised by the "powerful, curving forms of her elongated structures" with "multiple perspective points and fragmented geometry to evoke the chaos of modern life". She is currently professor at the University of Applied Arts Vienna in Austria.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Career
- 3 Non-architectural work
- 4 Criticism
- 5 Awards and international recognition
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 Further reading
- 9 External links
Early life and education
Hadid was born on 31 October 1950 in Baghdad. She grew up in one of Baghdad's first Bauhaus-inspired buildings during an era in which "modernism connoted glamour and progressive thinking" in the Middle East.
She studied mathematics at the American University of Beirut before moving to study at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London, where she met Rem Koolhaas, Elia Zenghelis, and Bernard Tschumi. She worked for her former professors, Koolhaas and Zenghelis, at the Office for Metropolitan Architecture, in Rotterdam, the Netherlands; she became a partner in 1977. Through her association with Koolhaas, she met Peter Rice, the engineer who gave her support and encouragement early on at a time when her work seemed difficult. In 1980, she established her own London-based practice. During the 1980s, she also taught at the Architectural Association.
Hadid has taught at the Harvard Graduate School of Design, where she was the Kenzo Tange Professorship and the Sullivan Chair at the University of Illinois at Chicago's School of Architecture. She also served as guest professor at the Hochschule für bildende Künste Hamburg (HFBK Hamburg), the Knowlton School of Architecture at Ohio State University, the Masters Studio at Columbia University, and the Eero Saarinen Visiting Professor of Architectural Design at the Yale School of Architecture. From 2000 on, Hadid has been a guest professor at The University of Applied Arts – Vienna, in the Zaha Hadid Master Class Vertical-Studio.
Hadid was named an honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and an honorary fellow of the American Institute of Architects. She has been on the board of trustees of The Architecture Foundation. She is currently professor at the University of Applied Arts Vienna in Austria.
Interior architecture and product design
Hadid has also undertaken some high-profile interior work, including the Mind Zone at the Millennium Dome in London as well as creating fluid furniture installations within the Georgian surroundings of Home House private members club in Marylebone, and the Z.CAR hydrogen-powered, three-wheeled automobile. In 2009 she worked with the clothing brand Lacoste, to create a new, high fashion, and advanced boot. In the same year, she also collaborated with the brassware manufacturer Triflow Concepts to produce two new designs in her signature parametric architectural style.
In 2013, Hadid designed Liquid Glacial, which comprises a series of tables resembling ice-formations made from clear and coloured acrylic. Their design embeds surface complexity and refraction within a powerful fluid dynamic. Prototype Liquid Glacial Table | Zaha Hadid at David Gill Galleries
- Cardiff Bay Opera House (1995), Cardiff, Wales – not realised
- Price Tower the extension hybrid project (2002), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, US – pending
Completed projects (selection)
- Vitra Fire Station (1994), Weil am Rhein, Germany
- Bergisel Ski Jump (2002), Innsbruck, Austria
- Rosenthal Center for Contemporary Art (2003), Cincinnati, Ohio, US
- Hotel Puerta America (2003–2005), Madrid, Spain
- BMW Central Building (2005), Leipzig, Germany
- Ordrupgaard annexe (2005), Copenhagen, Denmark
- Phaeno Science Center (2005), Wolfsburg, Germany
- Maggie's Centres at the Victoria Hospital (2006), Kirkcaldy, Scotland
- Hungerburgbahn new stations (2007), Innsbruck, Austria
- Chanel Mobile Art Pavilion (2006–08), worldwide
- Bridge Pavilion (2008), Zaragoza, Spain
- Pierresvives (2002–12), Montpellier, France, project architect: Stephane Hof
- MAXXI - National Museum of the 21st Century Arts (1998–2010), Rome, Italy. Stirling Prize 2010 winner.
- Guangzhou Opera House (2010), Guangzhou, People's Republic of China
- Sheikh Zayed Bridge (2007–10), Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
- Galaxy SOHO in Beijing, China.
- London Aquatics Centre (2011), 2012 Summer Olympics, London, United Kingdom
- Riverside Museum (2007–11) development of Glasgow Transport Museum, Scotland
- CMA CGM Tower (2004–11), Marseilles, France
- Evelyn Grace Academy (2006–10) in Brixton, London, UK. Stirling Prize 2011 winner.
- Roca London Gallery (2009–11) in Chelsea Harbour, London, UK
- d'Leedon, Singapore (2011)
- Heydar Aliyev Cultural Centre (2007–12) in Baku, Azerbaijan.
- Eli and Edythe Broad Art Museum (2010–12), East Lansing, Michigan, USA
- Mandarin Oriental Dellis Cay, Villa D (2012) (private home under construction), Dellis Cay, Turks & Caicos Islands
- Library and Learning Center of the Vienna University of Economics and Business Campus
- Salerno Maritime Terminal (2007–13), Salerno, Italy
- Napoli Afragola railway station, Italy (2013)
- Jockey Club Innovation Tower (2013), Hong Kong
- Dongdaemun Design Plaza (2008–14), Seoul, South Korea
- Citylife office tower (Storto) and residentials, Milan, Italy (2014)
- Investcorp Building, St Antony's College, Oxford (2013–15), UK.
- King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center, Designer and main consultant, (under construction), Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
- Nuragic and Contemporary art museum (on hold), Cagliari, Italy
- Eleftherias Square in Nicosia, Cyprus
- Wangjing SOHO in Beijing, China
- Esfera City Center in Monterrey, Mexico
- New Century City Art Center, Chengdu, China
- 520 West 28th Street, New York City, United States
- Dominion Tower in Moscow, Russia
- Iraqi Parliament Building in Baghdad
- 2013 Bottle designed by Zaha Hadid
- 2014 qatar 2022 FIFA world cup stadium design
In 2010, Hadid was commissioned by the Iraqi government to design the new building for the Central Bank of Iraq. An agreement to complete the design stages of the new CBI building was finalized on 2 February 2012, at a ceremony in London. This will be her first project in her native Iraq. Other work includes Pierres Vives, the new departmental records building (to host three institutions, namely, the archive, the library and the sports department), for French department Hérault, in Montpellier.
Hadid's project was named as the best for the Vilnius Guggenheim Hermitage Museum in 2008. She designed the Innovation Tower for Hong Kong Polytechnic University, scheduled for completion in 2013, and the Chanel Mobile Art Pavilion that was displayed in Hong Kong in 2008. She completed a new building for Evelyn Grace Academy in London in 2010.
In 2012, Hadid won an international competition to design a new National Olympic Stadium as part of the successful bid by Tokyo to host the 2020 Summer Olympics. As the estimated cost of the construction mounted, however, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announced in July 2015 that Hadid's design would be scrapped in favor of a new bidding process to seek a less expensive alternative. Hadid had planned to enter the new competition, but her firm was unable to meet the new requirement of finding a construction company with which to partner.
- 1978 – Guggenheim Museum, New York
- 1983 – Retrospective at the Architectural Association, London
- 1985 – GA Gallery, Tokyo
- 1988 – Deconstructivist Architecture show at MoMA, New York
- 1995 – Graduate School of Design at Harvard University
- 1997 – San Francisco MoMA
- 2000 – British Pavilion at the Venice Biennale
- 2001 – Kunstmuseum, Wolfsburg
- 2002 – (10 May – 11 August) Centro nazionale per le arti contemporanee, Rome
- 2003 – (4 May – 17 August) – MAK – Museum für angewandte Kunst (Museum of Applied Arts) in Vienna
- 2006 – (3 June – 25 October) – Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
- 2006 – (1 June – 29 July) – Ma10 Mx Protetch Gallery, Chelsea, NYC
- 2007 – (29 June – 25 November) – Design Museum, London
- 2011/2012 – (20 September 2011 – 25 March 2012) – Zaha Hadid: Form in Motion at the Philadelphia Museum of Art
- 2013–(29 June – 29 September) – Zaha Hadid: World Architecture at the Danish Architecture Center
- 2015 – (27 June – 27 September) – Zaha Hadid at the State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
- A Day with Zaha Hadid (2004). A 52-minute documentary where Zaha Hadid discusses her current work while taking the camera through her retrospective exhibition "Zaha Hadid has Arrived". Directed by Michael Blackwood.
- On 2 January 2009, she was the guest editor of the BBC's flagship morning radio news programme, Today.
Hadid’s architectural language has been described as "famously extravagant" with many of her projects sponsored by "dictator states". Rowan Moore described Hadid's Heydar Aliyev Center as "not so different from the colossal cultural palaces long beloved of Soviet and similar regimes". Architect Sean Griffiths characterised Hadid's work as "an empty vessel that sucks in whatever ideology might be in proximity to it". Art historian Maike Aden criticises in particular the foreclosure of Zaha Hadid's architecture of the MAXXI in Rome towards the public and the urban life that undermines even the most impressive program to open the museum.
As the architect of a distinctive stadium to be used for the 2022 FIFA World Cup, Hadid defended her involvement in the project, despite revelations relating to the working conditions imposed on migrant workers in Qatar. She acknowledged that there was a serious problem with the number of migrant workers who have died during construction work related to the World Cup. She also said that she believed it was a problem for the Qatari government to resolve.
"I have nothing to do with the workers," said Hadid. "I think that's an issue the government – if there's a problem – should pick up. Hopefully, these things will be resolved." Asked if she was concerned, Hadid added: "Yes, but I'm more concerned about the deaths in Iraq as well, so what do I do about that? I'm not taking it lightly but I think it's for the government to look to take care of. It's not my duty as an architect to look at it. I cannot do anything about it because I have no power to do anything about it. I think it's a problem anywhere in the world. But, as I said, I think there are discrepancies all over the world."
In August 2014, Hadid sued the New York Review of Books for defamation for publishing an article which included this quote and allegedly accused her of "showing no concern" for the deaths of workers in Qatar. Immediately thereafter, the reviewer and author of the piece in which she was accused of showing no concern issued a retraction in which he said "...work did not begin on the site for the Al Wakrah stadium, until two months after Ms Hadid made those comments; and construction is not scheduled to begin until 2015.... There have been no worker deaths on the Al Wakrah project and Ms Hadid's comments about Qatar that I quoted in the review had nothing to do with the Al Wakrah site or any of her projects. I regret the error."
Awards and international recognition
In 2004, Zaha became the first female and first Muslim recipient of the Pritzker Architecture Prize. In 2006, she was honoured with a retrospective spanning her entire work at the Guggenheim Museum in New York; that year she also received an Honorary Degree from the American University of Beirut.
In 2008, she ranked 69th on the Forbes list of "The World's 100 Most Powerful Women". In 2010, she was named by Time as an influential thinker in the 2010 TIME 100 issue. In September 2010, the British magazine New Statesman listed Zaha Hadid at number 42 in their annual survey of "The World's 50 Most Influential Figures 2010". Hadid was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 2002 and Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the 2012 Birthday Honours for services to architecture. She was listed as one of the fifty best-dressed over 50s by the Guardian in March 2013. Three years later, she was assessed as one of the 100 most powerful women in the UK by Woman's Hour on BBC Radio 4.
She won the Stirling Prize two years running: in 2010, for one of her most celebrated works, the Maxxi in Rome, and in 2011 for the Evelyn Grace Academy, a Z‑shaped school in Brixton, London. She is also the designer of the Dongdaemun Design Plaza & Park in Seoul, South Korea, which was the centerpiece of the festivities for the city's designation as World Design Capital 2010. The complex was completed in March 2014.
Other awards and honours
- 1982: Gold Medal Architectural Design, British Architecture for 59 Eaton Place, London
- 1994: Erich Schelling Architecture Award
- 2001: Equerre d'argent Prize, special mention
- 2002: Austrian State Prize for Architecture for Bergiselschanze
- 2003: European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture for the Strasbourg tramway terminus and car park at Hoenheim in Strasbourg, France
- 2003: Commander of the Civil Division of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) For services to Architecture
- 2004: Pritzker Prize
- 2005: Austrian Decoration for Science and Art
- 2005: German Architecture Prize for the central building of the BMW plant in Leipzig
- 2005: Designer of the Year Award for Design Miami
- 2005: RIBA European Award for BMW Central Building
- 2006: RIBA European Award for Phaeno Science Centre
- 2007: Thomas Jefferson Medal in Architecture
- 2008: RIBA European Award for Nordpark Cable Railway
- 2009: Praemium Imperiale
- 2010: RIBA European Award for MAXXI
- 2012: Jane Drew Prize for her "outstanding contribution to the status of women in architecture"
- 2012: Jury member for the awarding of the Pritzker Prize to Wang Shu in Los Angeles, CA.
- 2013: 41st Winner of the Veuve Clicquot UK Business Woman Award
- 2013: Elected international member, American Philosophical Society
- She is also on the editorial board of the Encyclopædia Britannica.
- "Dame Zaha Hadid awarded the Riba Gold Medal for architecture - BBC News". Bbc.com. Retrieved 2015-09-24.
- Vogel, Carol. "Zaha Hadid". Times Topics (The New York Times).
- "Zaha Hadid (19 June–25 November 2007)". Design Museum.
- "Institute of Architecture".
- "Zaha Hadid Biography". Encyclopedia of World Biography. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- "Architects: Biography Zaha Hadid". floornature.com. August 10, 2015. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- "Triflow Concepts". Triflow Concepts. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "B&B Italia modern contemporary furniture – leading italian company in the international scene of design furnishings". Bebitalia.it. 14 January 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "Maxxi_Museo Nazionale Delle Arti Del Xxi Secolo". Darc.beniculturali.it. Retrieved 17 January 2009.
- "Galaxy Soho – Architecture – Zaha Hadid Architects". Zaha-hadid.com. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "Photo from Reuters Pictures". Reuters Daylife. Retrieved 17 January 2009.[dead link]
- Howell, Brandon (13 November 2012). "Broad Art Museum draws thousands to Michigan State during opening weekend; $40 million fundraising goal met". MLive Lansing (East Lansing).
- "Afragola station delayed" (156). Today's Railways Europe. December 2008. p. 52.
- Glancey, Jonathan (2015-06-14). "Zaha Hadid's Middle East Centre lands in Oxford". The Sunday Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2015-07-20.
- "New Century City Art Centre – Architecture – Zaha Hadid Architects". Zaha-hadid.com. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- New York Magazine The Zaha Moment, 14 July 2013
- "Zaha Hadid Architects and Central Bank of Iraq Sign Agreement for New Headquarters". 12 February 2012.
- Nayeri, Farah (27 August 2010). "Zaha Hadid to Design New Iraqi Central Bank After June Attack". Bloomberg L.P.
- "Pierres Vives" (in French). Retrieved 11 March 2009.
- Bonnie Chen In the frame 25 May 2009 The Standard
- PolyU appoints Zaha Hadid as Architect of Innovation Tower 12 December 2007 Hong Kong Polytechnic University
- Hadid goes back to Hong Kong Zaha Hadid's Innovation Tower in Hong Kong Friday 14 December 2007 World Architecture News.com
- Evelyn Grace Academy: Buildings & facilities
- Chin, Andrea (September 10, 2013). "Zaha Hadid: New National Stadium of Japan Venue for Tokyo 2020 Olympics". Designboom. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- Himmer, Alastair (17 July 2015). "Japan rips up 2020 Olympic stadium plans to start anew". news.yahoo.com. AFP. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- McCurry, Justin (18 September 2015), "Zaha Hadid abandons new 2020 Tokyo Olympics stadium bid", The Guardian, retrieved 2015-09-27
- "D A R C – Zaha Hadid". Darc.beniculturali.it. Retrieved 17 January 2009. (English) (Italian)
- "Zaha Hadid – World Architecture".
- "Zaha Hadid at the State Hermitage Museum".
- "Michael Blackwood Productions". Michael Blackwood Productions. Retrieved 2015-09-24.
- "Guest editor: Zaha Hadid". BBC. 27 December 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2009.
- Michael Murphy, "The Poverty of Starchitecture"
- Rowan Moore, "Zaha Hadid: queen of the curve". The Observer, 8 September 2013.
- Maike Aden: Kunst im Belagerungszustand [http://www.maikeaden.com/ (Engl.: Art under siege)]. In: Urbanophil. Netzwerk für urbane Kultur. Nov. 2014
- James Riach. "Zaha Hadid defends Qatar World Cup role following migrant worker deaths | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-09-24.
- Walters, Joanna (25 August 2014). "Zaha Hadid suing New York Review of Books over Qatar criticism". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- "Basel rejects Zaha Hadid casino". Dezeen. 2007-06-25. Retrieved 2015-09-24.
- Sudjic, Deyan (9 October 2006). "I don't do nice". Jonathan Glancey (London). The Guardian. Retrieved 17 April 2012."Strictly speaking, she is a Muslim"
- Forbes: The World's 100 Most Powerful Women
- "Time 100 – Thinkers : Zaha Hadid"
- "42. Zaha Hadid – 50 People Who Matter 2010". New Statesman. UK. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- The London Gazette: . 16 June 2012.
- "THE LONDON GAZETTE, SUPPLEMENT No. 1". 16 June 2012. p. 521. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
- Cartner-Morley, Jess; Mirren, Helen; Huffington, Arianna; Amos, Valerie (28 March 2013). "The 50 best-dressed over 50s". The Guardian (London).
- BBC Radio 4, Woman's Hour Power list
- Heathcote, Edwin (3 October 2010). "Hadid finally wins Stirling Prize". Financial Times. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
- "Evelyn Grace Academy wins Stirling Prize". BBC News. 2 October 2011.
- http://prix.groupemoniteur.fr/equerre_d_argent (French)
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (PDF) (in German). p. 1713. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
- "RIBA Awards". e-architects. Retrieved 21 September 2009.
- "RIBA European Awards". RIBA. Retrieved 21 September 2009.
- "2010: RIBA Award Winners Announced". Bustler. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
- Vanessa Quirk (16 April 2012). "Is Zaha's Latest Prize Really an Advancement for Women?". Huffington Post. Retrieved 12 January 2014. Originally published by ArchDaily 12 April 2012.
- "Veuve Clicquot Business Woman Award". 22 April 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Newly Elected – April 2013 | American Philosophical Society". Amphilsoc.org. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "Zaha Hadid". bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- Higgins, Charlotte (1 July 2009). "Zaha Hadid's Bach salon". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- Morrison, Richard (27 June 2007). "For ever thinking outside the boxy". The Times (London). Retrieved 22 September 2007.
- Seabrook, John. "The Abstractionist – Zaha Hadid's Unfettered Invention". The New Yorker, 21 and 28 December 2009. Pages 112 to 124.
- Sulaiman, Tosin (1 December 2005). "Architect who has built a reputation for controversy". The Times (London). Retrieved 22 September 2007.[dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zaha Hadid.|
- Official website
- Zaha Hadid at Iam Architect
- Zaha Hadid collected news and commentary at The Guardian
- Zaha Hadid collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Zaha Hadid publications at Archello
- Zaha Hadid and the MSU Broad Art Museum by the MSUAA Knowledge Network
- 1000 Museum by Zaha Hadid
- CityLife Milan: Hadid Tower website
- Zaha Hadid Architecture map