Ciudad Guayana

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Ciudad Guayana
Official seal of Ciudad Guayana
Ciudad Guayana is located in Venezuela
Ciudad Guayana
Ciudad Guayana
Location in Venezuela
Coordinates: 8°22′N 62°39′W / 8.367°N 62.650°W / 8.367; -62.650Coordinates: 8°22′N 62°39′W / 8.367°N 62.650°W / 8.367; -62.650
Country  Venezuela
State Bolívar
Founded July 2, 1961
 • Mayor José Ramón Lopéz
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,050,283
 • Demonym guayanés
Time zone VST (UTC-4:30)
 • Summer (DST) not observed (UTC-4:30)
Area code(s) 0286

Ciudad Guayana (Spanish pronunciation: [sjuˈðað ɣwaˈʝana]) is a city in Bolívar State, Venezuela. It lies south of the Orinoco, where the river is joined by the Caroní River. The city, officially founded in 1961, is actually composed of the old town of San Félix at the east and the new town of Puerto Ordaz at the west, which lie on either banks of the Caroní and are connected by three bridges. The city stretches 40 kilometers along the south bank of the Orinoco. With approximately one million people, it is Venezuela's fastest-growing city[citation needed], due to its important iron industry.

Guayana City is one of Venezuela's five most important ports, since most goods produced in Bolívar are shipped through it, onto the Atlantic Ocean via the Orinoco river. The city is also the location of the Second Orinoco crossing.

Guayana City is served by Manuel Carlos Piar Guayana Airport.


The first explorations Diego de Ordaz was organized in 1531, the expedition led by Juan González Sosa discovered an unknown jungles and plains on the banks of the Orinoco River fabulous world. In 1535 another expedition was led by Lieutenant Alfonso Herrera. It was after the movements of conquest and colonization, when Antonio de Berrio Oruña, founded Santo Tome de Guayana at the confluence of the Caroni and Orinoco, in the country of Carapana near the Indian village of Cachamay, the city was founded multiple times in different places, due to the continuous attacks of pirates and conquerors they destroyed it down the Orinoco River in search of El Dorado. In 1618, when he was near the old Guiana, an English expedition sent by Walter Raleigh sacked and destroyed totally. In 1764, she was transferred to Angostura, now Ciudad Bolivar, due to the continuous attacks of English and Dutch pirates. The last foundation took place at its original site on July 2, 1961 and was called Ciudad Guayana. West of the city is the Matanzas Industrial Zone, the urban area of Puerto Ordaz in the middle east and San Felix. For the design and city planning Corporacion Venezolana de Guayana requested the participation of the Center for Urban Studies Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA). The large and extensive program of building highways and avenues, residential areas, schools, hospitals and recreational facilities, continues with the same intensity from the beginning, ready to house 2.5 million people in 2020, this city and population growth has been so remarkable Since 1961 the city was known as the center of the fastest growing in the world. Ciudad Guayana and surrounding site has special interest to visit. Within the city the Caroni park consisting of parks Drizzle, Cachamay and Loefling, which are a representative sample of the majesty and beauty of the Rio Caroni, other amusement park attractions include the Foundation and Paseo Malecon San Felix. For those interested in the basic industries of Venezuela some of these have a visitation schedule that could be found through their respective managements of Public Relations. Nearby, less than 100 kilometers away it is Ciudad Bolívar, historic site par excellence of Bolivar state, on the other side of the river this The Mission of Caroni (Caroni ruins), the Castillos de Guayana and forest plantations.

Puerto Ordaz area was built and planned by the Companies Orinoco Mining Company and the Venezuelan Corporation of Guayana to the mid-twentieth century.

The November 13, 2006 the Orinoco bridge, the second largest in the country, which facilitates communications Ciudad Guayana with the opposite bank of the Orinoco River in Anzoategui and Monagas states opened.


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