From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Flag of Venezuela (state).svg

Venezuela (/ˌvɛnəˈzwlə/ (About this sound listen) VEN-ə-ZWAYL; American Spanish: [beneˈswela]), officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and a large number of small islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea. The capital and largest urban agglomeration is the city of Caracas. It has a territorial extension of 916,445 km2 (353,841 sq mi). The continental territory is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Colombia, Brazil on the south, Trinidad and Tobago to the north-east and on the east by Guyana. With this last country, the Venezuelan government maintains a claim for Guayana Esequiba over an area of 159,542 km2 (61,600 sq mi). For its maritime areas, it exercises sovereignty over 71,295 km2 (27,527 sq mi) of territorial waters, 22,224 km2 (8,581 sq mi) in its contiguous zone, 471,507 km2 (182,050 sq mi) of the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean under the concept of exclusive economic zone, and 99,889 km2 (38,567 sq mi) of continental shelf. This marine area borders those of 13 states. The country has extremely high biodiversity and is ranked seventh in the world's list of nations with the most number of species. There are habitats ranging from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Amazon basin rain-forest in the south via extensive llanos plains, the Caribbean coast and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.

The territory now known as Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522 amid resistance from indigenous peoples. In 1811, it became one of the first Spanish-American territories to declare independence, which was not securely established until 1821, when Venezuela was a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia. It gained full independence as a country in 1830. During the 19th century, Venezuela suffered political turmoil and autocracy, remaining dominated by regional caudillos (military strongmen) until the mid-20th century. Since 1958, the country has had a series of democratic governments. Economic shocks in the 1980s and 1990s led to several political crises, including the deadly Caracazo riots of 1989, two attempted coups in 1992, and the impeachment of President Carlos Andrés Pérez for embezzlement of public funds in 1993. A collapse in confidence in the existing parties saw the 1998 election of former coup-involved career officer Hugo Chávez and the launch of the Bolivarian Revolution. The revolution began with a 1999 Constituent Assembly, where a new Constitution of Venezuela was written. This new constitution officially changed the name of the country to Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela).

Selected article

Cachapa with shredded cheese

Cachapas are a part of traditional Venezuelan cuisine. They are made of maize in the form of masa. They are made as fresh corn is ground and then mixed into a batter of the consistency of pancakes, yet slightly thicker and lumpier. It is then cooked like a pancake. It is served with many toppings, but traditionally with butter or margarine and white cheese (queso blanco) on top. They can be prepared as an appetizer or a full breakfast, depending on the size. Cachapas could be very elaborate, some including different kinds of cheese, milky cream, and jam.

Venezuelan Corn Cakes: Cachapas Recipe

10 ears of corn 2 tablespoons sugar 1/4 cup milk Pinch salt Corn oil, for sauteing 1/4 lb fresh cheese

Remove kernels form husk of corn using a sharp knife. Puree in a blender. Mix in the sugar, milk, and salt. Heat griddle to medium heat, lightly coat with corn oil. Spoon mixture onto hot griddle to form "pancakes" of your desired size. Cook for 2 minutes on each side, and fold with a big piece of cheese inside

The Cachapas are eaten with "Queso de Mano" Hand Cheese, a soft mozzarella like cheese and also with fried Pork on the side.

Selected image

"El Chiguire", the biggest rodent.

"El Chiguire", the biggest rodent (photo finalist of WikiViajes por Venezuela 2014)

Did you know...

Parque Central Complex



Related portals

News and Headlines



Pintor que pintas tu tierra,
si quieres pintar tu cielo,
cuando pintes angelitos,
acuérdate de tu pueblo;
y al lado del ángel rubio
y junto al ángel trigueño,
aunque la Virgen sea blanca,
píntame angelitos negros.
Andrés Eloy Blanco, "Píntame Angelitos Negros".

English: "Painter, you that paint your land, / if you want to paint your heaven, / when you're painting little angels, / remember where you're from; / and beside the blond angel / and next to the brunette angel, / even if the Virgin is white, / paint me black little angels."

Portal:Venezuela topics

Things you can do

Here are some Venezuela tasks:


WikiProjects puzzle
The Project page was designed with the aim of improving the quality of articles related to Venezuela, in Wikipedia and other media. Feel free to join in!
Considered as a "parent" project, together with the countries project.

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:






Learning resources

Travel guides



Purge server cache