officially, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is a federal republic
, located at the north of South America
. It borders north with the Caribbean Sea
, east to Guyana
, south with Brazil
and west with Colombia
. Its territory comprehends about 916,445 km², including 600 islands that form the Federal Dependencies
, uncounting the Essequibo
area, which has been largely reclaimed by the country.
A country with a large biodiversity, Venezuela is divided into 23 states (estados), the Venezuelan Capital District and the aforementioned dependencies. The capital city is Caracas, where resides the government along the legislative body. The country gained independence from Spain in 1821, and was one of the three nations that formed the Great Colombia. The economy is most based on the petroleum industry, depending also on the agricultural sector. The official language is Spanish, although several indigenous languages are spoken by aboriginal tribes through the nation.
Venezuela is a co-founder member of the OPEC and the South American Community of Nations.
Cachapa with shredded cheese
Cachapas are a part of traditional Venezuelan cuisine. They are made of maize in the form of masa. They are made as fresh corn is ground and then mixed into a batter of the consistency of pancakes, yet slightly thicker and lumpier. It is then cooked like a pancake. It is served with many toppings, but traditionally with butter or margarine and white cheese (queso blanco) on top. They can be prepared as an appetizer or a full breakfast, depending on the size. Cachapas could be very elaborate, some including different kinds of cheese, milky cream, and jam.
Venezuelan Corn Cakes: Cachapas Recipe
10 ears of corn 2 tablespoons sugar 1/4 cup milk Pinch salt Corn oil, for sauteing 1/4 lb fresh cheese
Remove kernels form husk of corn using a sharp knife. Puree in a blender. Mix in the sugar, milk, and salt. Heat griddle to medium heat, lightly coat with corn oil. Spoon mixture onto hot griddle to form "pancakes" of your desired size. Cook for 2 minutes on each side, and fold with a big piece of cheese inside
The Cachapas are eaten with "Queso de Mano" Hand Cheese, a soft mozzarella like cheese and also with fried Pork on the side.
- November 1, 1600 – The Quiriquire indians rebel against the Spanish presence in the Lake Maracaibo; this would be the first of the eleven revolutionary attempts by the zulians.
- November 1, 1777 – Birth of María Antonia Bolívar y Palacios, elder sister of Simón Bolívar.
- November 2, 1961 – Death of Rafael Monasterios, famous painter, notable for his powerful display of the Venezuelan landscape.
- November 3, 1591 – Portuguese captain Joao Fernandes founds the city of Espíritu Santo del Valle de Guanaguanare, today known as Guanare.
- November 5, 1826 – Birth of Arístides Rojas, notable writer and historian, also dedicated to scientific research.
- November 6, 1905 – Birth of Pedro Antonio Ríos Reyna, notable composer, founder of the Orquesta Sinfónica de Venezuela.
- November 8, 1823 – José Antonio Páez takes over the Puerto Cabello castle, to a Spanish faction that refused to accept the Morales rendition. This hostile takeover is the last violent act of the Independence War.
- November 8, 1902 – Birth of Lucila Palacios, writer and academic, in Trinidad.
- November 11, 1961 – President Rómulo Betancourt announces the decision to break diplomatic ties with the government of Cuba, after a diplomatic impasse provoked by the Chancellor of that country.
- November 12, 1897 – Birth of Augusto Mijares, notable historian and teacher.
- November 13, 1950 – Colonel Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, President of the Government junta that was formed after the toppling of Rómulo Gallegos, is kidnapped and assassinated, presumably by Rafael Simón Urbina. It is strongly believed that the intellectual author of the crime was Marcos Pérez Jiménez, of the same junta.
- November 14, 1789 – Birth of José Antonio Anzoátegui, notable officer and hero during the Independence War. He would die in 1819, one day after his birthday.
- November 14, 1796 – Birth of Alejandro Próspero Reverend, in Normandy. He was the medician who attended Simón Bolívar in his last seventeen days of life.
- November 18, 1709 – The story related in the legend of Our Lady of Chiquinquirá took place near the shores of the Lake Maracaibo. The Fair of La Chinita is then celebrated every November 18 in Zulia.
- November 21, 1957 – A student strike protesting the Pérez Jiménez government is carried out at the Central University of Venezuela, and later spread to other universities, setting the beginning of the fall of the dictatorsip three months later.
- November 23, 1856 – Death of Manuela Sáenz, known as “La Libertadora del Liberador”.
- November 24, 1786 – Birth of José Rafael Revenga.
- November 24, 1948 – President Rómulo Gallegos is outsed in a coup by a militaries. A junta was established, formed by Colonel Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, Luis Felipe Llovera Páez and Marcos Pérez Jiménez.
- November 26, 1820 – An armistice and a Treaty of War Regularization were signed in Trujillo, a fact that allowed a refreshing of the Republican forces, and also ended the War to Death, settling a conventional war.
- November 26, 1826 – Birth of Juan Pablo Rojas Paúl, 33rd President of Venezuela.
- November 27, 1820 – Simón Bolívar and royalist General Pablo Morillo meet to ratify with a hug the treaties signed the last day.
- November 27, 1951 – At 8:40 am, A French-Venezuelan commission, discovered the sources of the Orinoco in the Parima range.
- November 27, 1992 – A second coup attempt is staged against the government of Carlos Andrés Pérez by a military group. The coup resulted unsuccessful.
- November 28, 1822 – Death of Francisco Zea. Signed the Law for the Republic of Colombia.
- November 28, 1897 – Birth of Félix Armando Núñez, poet and essayist.
- November 28, 1983 – The Postal and Telegraphy Museum is opened, and the IPOSTEL Day is decreeted.
- November 29, 1781 – Birth of Andrés Bello, great humanist, gramatic and poet. In his honor, every November 29 is known as Writer's Day.
- November 30, 1908 – Birth of José Antonio de Armas Chitty, historian, journalist and poet. Was Board Member of the National Academy of History.
- November 30, 1952 – Elections for a Constituent Assembly were held. Marcos Pérez Jiménez, knowing that his party was loosing the election, cancelled them and proclaimed himself as the winner, assuming two days later. He would rule until January 1958.
• Andrés Eloy Blanco, "Píntame Angelitos Negros".
- Pintor que pintas tu tierra,
- si quieres pintar tu cielo,
- cuando pintes angelitos,
- acuérdate de tu pueblo;
- y al lado del ángel rubio
- y junto al ángel trigueño,
- aunque la Virgen sea blanca,
- píntame angelitos negros.
English: "Painter, you that paint your land, / if you want to paint your heaven, / when you're painting little angels, / remember where you're from; / and beside the blond angel / and next to the brunette angel, / even if the Virgin is white, / paint me black little angels."
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