Clyffe Pypard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Clyffe Pypard
Clyffe Pypard 01.jpg
Clyffe Pypard is located in Wiltshire
Clyffe Pypard
Clyffe Pypard
Clyffe Pypard shown within Wiltshire
Population 289 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference SU074769
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Swindon
Postcode district SN4
Dialling code 01793
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
Website Parish
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°29′28″N 1°53′42″W / 51.491°N 1.895°W / 51.491; -1.895Coordinates: 51°29′28″N 1°53′42″W / 51.491°N 1.895°W / 51.491; -1.895

Clyffe Pypard is a village and civil parish about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) south of Royal Wootton Bassett in North Wiltshire, England.[2]

The parish includes the large hamlet of Bushton, the small hamlet of The Barton, the former separate village of Bupton, and the shrunken medieval village of Woodhill.

History[edit]

The ancient name of White Cleeve (or "Clive" in the Domesday Book) refers to the chalk escarpment that traverses the parish.[3] The ancient parish had five tithings: Clyffe Pypard, Broad Town, Bushton, Thornhill, and Woodhill (which included Bupton). In 1884, Broad Town and Thornhill were transferred to the newly created Broad Town civil parish.[3]

The Manor House, north of the church, was built c. 1840 for the Goddard family.[4]

A Free School was established at Thornhill, funded in 1782 by a bequest in the will of Thomas Spackman, a local carpenter who prospered at his trade in London. The parish church has a large sculpted memorial to Spackman who is portrayed with his tools.[5] The school continued until 1875.[6]

A National School was built at Clyffe Pypard in 1850, and in 1954 became a voluntary controlled school. Pupil numbers declined and the school closed in 1978, with its 24 children transferred to schools at Broad Town and Broad Hinton.[7]

Bushton[edit]

Bushton has the sole remaining pub in the parish, and the village hall.[8]

Bupton[edit]

Bupton can be found in the southwest of the parish and its name appears to arise from land owner William Bubbe, since variations of the name include 'Bubbeton' and 'Great Bupton'. Bupton today consists of farms and farmland, but in the 14th century it was a medieval village with many more dwellings than today.[9]

Woodhill[edit]

There was a small chapel and windmill at Woodhill in the 14th century. The name Woodhill derives from a corruption of 'woad', as the location is a 'hill where Woad grows' – woad being a plant which gave a blue dye for fabric.[9] Woodhill Park is a Georgian country house built in the 18th century. Richard Pace added the southeast range in 1804.[3] Northwest of the house is the site of the medieval village, including evidence of a moated manor house; the site is a scheduled ancient monument.[10]

Parish church[edit]

St Peter's Church

There has been a church at Clyffe Pypard since the 13th century.[3] Pevsner writes that the Church of England parish church of St Peter is "in a lovely position below a wooded stretch of the cliff".[11] The building is from the 15th century but the chancel was rebuilt in 1860 by William Butterfield, who carried out further restoration for the Goddard family in 1873–74. The organ installed in 1873 is by Eustace Ingram. In 1955 the church was designated as Grade I listed.[5]

The benefice was united with Tockenham in 1954 and today, with Broad Town and Hilmarton, is part of the Woodhill benefice.[12]

Sir Nikolaus Pevsner, the German-born British scholar of history of art and, especially, of history of architecture, is buried in the churchyard together with his wife.[9]

RAF Clyffe Pypard[edit]

RAF Clyffe Pypard is a former Royal Air Force training station which was located 4.1 miles (6.6 km) south of Royal Wootton Bassett, on high ground to the south of the village of Clyffe Pypard.[13]

The airfield opened in 1941 with grass runways measuring around 1300 yards and temporary accommodation under RAF Flying Training Command. It closed in 1947 but was used after this date by RAF Lyneham for accommodation and by the British Army for battle practice[14] until 1961.[15] The airfield is currently farmland with only a small amount of buildings left standing.[15]

Based units[edit]

No. 29 Elementary Flying Training School (EFTS) used the airfield for pilot training, flying the de Havilland Tiger Moth, with a satellite field at Alton Barnes.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wiltshire Community History – Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  2. ^ GenUKI
  3. ^ a b c d Crittall, Elizabeth (ed.). "Victoria County History – Wiltshire – Vol 9 pp23-43". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 18 April 2016. 
  4. ^ Historic England. "Manor House (1022656)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 April 2016. 
  5. ^ a b Historic England. "Church of St Peter (1022655)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 April 2016. 
  6. ^ "Thornhill Free School, Clyffe Pypard". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  7. ^ "Clyffe Pypard Church of England School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  8. ^ "Village Hall". Clyffe Pypard and Bushton Villages. Retrieved 18 April 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c "Clyffe Pypard". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 18 April 2016. 
  10. ^ Historic England. "Medieval settlement, moat and fishponds at Woodhill Park Farm (1018128)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 April 2016. 
  11. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) [1963]. Wiltshire. The Buildings of England (2nd ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 182. ISBN 0-14-0710-26-4. 
  12. ^ "St Peter's Church, Clyffe Pypard". Clyffe Pypard and Bushton Villages. Retrieved 18 April 2016. 
  13. ^ "RAF Clyffe Pypard – a history". Duncan Curtis. Retrieved 6 March 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "RAF Clyffe Pypard". Altantik Wall. Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  15. ^ a b "Clyffe Pypard". Airfield of Britain Conservation Trust. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Clyffe Pypard at Wikimedia Commons