Cneorum tricoccon

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Spurge olive
Cneorum tricoccon
Cneorum tricoccon1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Spathelioideae
Genus: Cneorum
Species: C. tricoccon
Binomial name
Cneorum tricoccon
  • Chamaelea tricoccos (L.) Lam.
  • Cneorum trimerum (Urb.) Chodat
  • Cubincola trimera Urb.
Cneorum tricoccon2.jpg

Cneorum tricoccon, the spurge olive,[2] is a small shrub of the family Rutaceae, native to Europe in the western Mediterranean Region.[2][3]


Cneorum tricoccon reaches an average of 0.6 metres (2.0 ft) in height and is in leaf all year. The plant which is nearly round and evergreen in color. The yellowish flowers occur from June to July, and their seeds ripen from August to September. The spurge olive plant is also hermaphroditic.

Cneorum tricoccon prefers light sandy soils that are common in the Mediterranean and also requires soils that drain particularly well. Spurge olive must have considerable sunlight to grow, and often stunts when in much of shade.


Its fruit have no food value. The plant is rich in tannin, and can be used as a source of fuel.


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