Coat of arms of the Ottoman Empire
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|Coat of arms of the Ottoman Empire|
|Armiger||Sultan Abdul Hamid II|
|Crest||Tughra above the Sultan's turban (coronet/crown)|
|Escutcheon||Oval shield with bordure purpure accompanied by the red (state) and green (caliphate) flags of the empire and spears, swords and various weaponry|
|Compartment||Flourish or with medals of five of the Ottoman decorations hanging from it|
|Other elements||Cornupia, anchor and scale|
Every sultan of the Ottoman Empire had his own monogram, called the tughra, which served as a royal symbol. A coat of arms in the European heraldic sense was created in the late 19th century. Hampton Court requested from the Ottoman Empire the coat of arms to be included in their collection. As the coat of arms had not been previously used in the Ottoman Empire, it was designed after this request, and the final design was adopted by Sultan Abdul Hamid II on 17 April 1882.
Behind the flags are a number of spears and other weapons.
Hanging beneath the lower flourish are the medals of five of the Ottoman decorations, the depiction of which vary greatly between sources.
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