Cockatoo Island (Western Australia)
Iron ore mining began at Cockatoo Island in 1951. BHP (now BHP Billiton) operated the mine in the early 1950s and ran it as a complete town site until 1984 when the ore body had been mined to sea level. HWE Mining and Portman Mining Ltd re-opened operations in the 1990s by first retreating old BHP dumps, then forming a seawall and commencing mining below sea level.
The townsite formed by BHP contained a school, movie theatre, and even a lockup prison. During the 1980s businessman Alan Bond opened a tourist resort using the old mining village's infrastructure. This was sold and closed.
Koolan Island is a neighbouring island that was also mined by BHP for high grade iron ore.
- "Iron ore in Western Australia" (PDF). PDF. Department of Industry and Resources. 1995. Retrieved 2008-02-14.
- "Alan Bond's tourist resort on Cockatoo Island closed down". Sunday Times (Perth, W.A.). 1990-03-04. p. 10.
- Trott, Peter (1984-11-26). "Cockatoo Island closes down as iron ore producer but could become major tourist attraction". The West Australian. p. 13a-e.
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