Coigach

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Coigach
Achduart with Cairn Conmheall behind.jpg
The township of Achduart, with Cairn Conmheall in the background.
Coigach is located in Ross and Cromarty
Coigach
Coigach
Location within the Ross and Cromarty area
Population228 [1]
OS grid referenceNC025085
Community council
  • Coigach
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townULLAPOOL
Postcode districtIV26
Dialling code01854
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
58°01′N 5°20′W / 58.02°N 5.34°W / 58.02; -5.34Coordinates: 58°01′N 5°20′W / 58.02°N 5.34°W / 58.02; -5.34

Coigach (Scottish Gaelic: A' Chòigeach) is a peninsula north of Ullapool, in Wester Ross in the Northwest Highlands of Scotland. The area consists of a traditional crofting and fishing community of a couple of hundred houses located between mountain and shore on a peninsula looking over the Summer Isles and the sea. The main settlement is Achiltibuie. Like its northerly neighbour, Assynt in Sutherland, Coigach has mountains which rise sharply from quiet, lochan-studded moorland, and a highly indented rocky coast with many islands, bays and headlands.[2] The highest summit is Ben Mor Coigach at 743 metres; the distinctive profile of Stac Pollaidh is the other main peak within Coigach.[3] The scenic qualities of Coigach, along with neighbouring Assynt, have led to the area being designated as the Assynt-Coigach National Scenic Area,[4] one of 40 such areas in Scotland.[5]

The name is derived from the Gaelic for "five" or "fifths",[6][7][8] and refers to the five townships of Achduart, Achnacarinan, Acheninver, Achnahaird and Achiltibuie.[9]

Local government[edit]

Coigach formed a barony of the civil parish of Loch Broom. In 1690 it was transferred into the county of Cromartyshire,[10] and indeed it was the largest single portion of land in the county,[11] which consisted of a series of unconnected exclaves. Until changes in civil registration districts in 1857[12] the barony also included Isle Martin, the lands down to Corrie beyond Ullapool, the various farms of Strathkanaird and to the east the Forest of Achall and Rhiddorach.

The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889 provided that "the counties of Ross and Cromarty shall cease to be separate counties, and shall be united for all purposes whatsoever, under the name of the county of Ross and Cromarty", and Coigach thus became part of Ross and Cromarty. Although the counties were replaced by a system of regional and district councils in 1975 Coigach remains part of Ross and Cromarty for purposes such as land registration and lieutenancy. The regions and districts were replaced by unitary councils in 1996, and Coigach now forms a community within Highland council area.[3]

In 2010 a community development company was established on the initiative of the community council. Key issues to be addressed by the company are affordable housing, the provision of health services, the ageing demographic profile of the area and promoting economic development. The lack of tourist facilities, and of a ‘brand’ for Coigach, were also concerns.[13] A subsidiary of the Coigach Community Development Company, Coigach Wind Power, operates a 500 kW wind turbine to raise funds for the development company's projects.[14]

Conservation[edit]

The Coigach and Assynt Living Landscape Project is a community partnership project which aims to bring environmental and economic benefits to the Coigach and Assynt regions of North West Scotland. The partnership includes landowners (private and community), the local community and charitable organisations, with the Scottish Wildlife Trust being the lead partner. The project is described as an "ecosystem restoration project", and aims to "bring woodland connectivity, species-rich flora and fauna, and economic growth back to the Scottish uplands".[15]

History[edit]

During the Highland Clearances, attempts were made to evict the crofting tenants of Coigach in 1852-53. However, the women of Coigach disarmed twenty policemen and sheriff officers, burning their summonses and throwing their batons into the sea. The men of Coigach formed the second line of defense should the women receive any ill-treatment. The officers of the law returned home without having served a single summons or evicting a single crofter.[16] Four weeks later these events were repeated when six constables took on the women again, but with no more success, leaving the land-lord extremely frustrated. The crofters of Coigach had held out for more than two years and eventually the estate managers and the land-lord gave up in trying to resettle them.[17] Coigach was a rare victory for the people over the landlord.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Standard Outputs 2011 (Output Areas S00117989 & S00119174)". National Records of Scotland. Archived from the original on 11 February 2018. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  2. ^ "The special qualities of the National Scenic Areas" (PDF). Scottish Natural Heritage. 2010. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Coigach Community Council Boundary" (PDF). Highland Council. April 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Assynt-Coigach National Scenic Area". NatureScot. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  5. ^ "National Scenic Areas". NatureScot. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  6. ^ Shirra, Kirstie (21 March 2011). Scotland's Best Small Mountains: Cicerone Press. Cicerone Press Limited. ISBN 9781849653459 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "Dictionary Detail - cóigeach".
  8. ^ Murray, W.H. (1968). The Companion Guide to the West Highlands of Scotland. London and Glasgow: Collins. p. 325. The name means Place of the Fifths, from an early Celtic custom of dividing land into five parts.
  9. ^ "Coigach Community Hall - About the Hall".
  10. ^ Mackenzie 1810, pp.15–16
  11. ^ Adams, Brian. "The scattered county of Cromartyshire" (PDF). Sheetlines (29): 70.
  12. ^ "GROS List of Parishes and Registration Districts". Archived from the original on 18 July 2009. Retrieved 11 October 2009.
  13. ^ "About". Coigach Community Development Company. April 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  14. ^ "About us". Coigach Wind Power Ltd. 15 January 2012. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  15. ^ "Coigach and Assynt Living Landscape Project". Scottish Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  16. ^ Mackenzie, Alexander (1914). The History of the Highland Clearances. Glasgow: P.J. O'Callaghan. p. 144. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  17. ^ Richards, Eric (2007). Debating the Highland Clearances. Edinburgh University Press. p. 69. ISBN 9780748629589. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  18. ^ Mckenzie, Steven (9 November 2011). "Highlands' rioting women could gain greater recognition". BBC News Online. Retrieved 10 April 2020.

External links[edit]