Cooloola (insect)

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Cooloola
CSIRO ScienceImage 10713 Cooloola Monster.jpg
Cooloola propator – Cooloola monster
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Suborder: Ensifera
Superfamily: Stenopelmatoidea
Family: Cooloolidae
Genus: Cooloola
Species

Cooloola dingo – Dingo monster
Cooloola propator – Cooloola monster
Cooloola ziljan – Sugarcane monster
Cooloola pearsoni

Cooloola is a genus of ensiferan orthopterans. It is the only genus in the family Cooloolidae of the superfamily Stenopelmatoidea.

Four species are known from this family, all endemic to Queensland, Australia. The name originated from the discovery of the best-known member of the family, the Cooloola monster (Cooloola propator), in the Cooloola National Park.

Little is known about their life histories, as they lead an almost entirely subterranean existence, but it is believed that they are predaceous towards other soil-dwelling invertebrates.

The Cooloolid "monsters" are unusual in comparison with other members of the primitive superfamily Gryllacridoidea in that the coolooids' antennae are considerably shorter than their body length.

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