A cosmic ocean is a mythological motif found in the Creation myth of many cultures and civilizations. The cosmic ocean is often the entire universe in a dim and nonspecific past, and the first source of gods or the world. The cosmic ocean is also often still surrounding the present world.
Christianity and Judaism
In the first creation myth in the Bible, there is only earth and water in a disorganized state: "the earth hath existed waste and void, and darkness [is] on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God fluttering on the face of the waters" (...). (Book of Genesis 2.) The world is also created as a space inside of the water, and is hence surrounded of it, "And God saith, `Let an expanse be in the midst of the waters, and let it be separating between waters and waters.' " (Book of Genesis 6).
- Stiessel, Lena (1995). Skapelsemyter från hela världen. Almquist & Wiksell. ISBN 91-21-14467-2.