Costa Rican general election, 1982

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Costa Rican general election, 1982
Costa Rica
← 1978 February 7, 1982 1986 →
Turnout 69.1%
  Luis Alberto Monge (1984).jpg R A Calderon.jpg Mario Echandi Jimenez cropped.jpg
Nominee Luis Alberto Monge Rafael Ángel Calderón Mario Echandi
Party National Liberation Unity Coalition National Movement
Home state Alajuela San José San José
Popular vote 568,374 542,434 37,127
Percentage 58.8% 33.6% 3.8%

Resultados electorales provinciales 1970.png
In green provinces won by Monge

President before election

Rodrigo Carazo
Unity Coalition

Elected President

Luis Alberto Monge
National Liberation

Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Costa Rica

General elections were held in Costa Rica on February 7, 1982.[1] Luis Alberto Monge of the National Liberation Party won the presidential election, whilst his party also won the parliamentary election. Voter turnout was 78.6%.[2]

Affected by a deep economic crisis and tensions with Somoza’s Nicaragua due to Rodrigo Carazo’s support of the FSLN, Carazo’s government suffered from extremely low popularity. This naturally affected the Unity Coalition (Carazo’s party) and its candidate Rafael Ángel Calderón Fournier giving to PLN and its candidate trade union leader and farmer Luis Alberto Monge a landslide victory and the party's biggest parliamentary group in its history (33 deputies). Nevertheless, Unity remained as the second most voted party in the election as Calderón was able to attract the traditional and very loyal Calderonista vote.[3] The crisis was also beneficial for the Left as it achieved a historical high voting and four seats in Parliament (the biggest group since 1948) with Dr. Rodrigo Gutiérrez repeating candidacy from United People. Another candidate was former president Mario Echandi by the conservative and anti-Communist National Movement, but Echandi’s candidacy was testimonial receiving almost as many votes as Gutierrez (3% each), according to some due to his incapacity to understand modern times when personal wealth and family origin was not enough to win an election. [4]

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Luis Alberto Monge National Liberation Party 568,374 58.8
Rafael Ángel Calderón Fournier Unity Coalition 325,187 33.6
Mario Echandi Jiménez National Independent Movement 37,127 3.8
Rodrigo Gutiérrez Sáenz United People 32,186 3.3
Edwin Chacón Madrigal Independent Party 1,955 0.2
Edwin Retana Chaves Democratic Party 1,747 0.2
Invalid/blank votes 25,103 -
Total 991,679 100
Source: Nohlen

Parliament[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/-
National Liberation Party 527,231 55.2 33 +8
Social Christian Unity Party 277,998 29.1 18 -9
United People 61,465 6.4 4 +1
Alajuelense Democratic Action 12,486 1.6 1 New
National Democratic Party 11,575 1.2 0 New
Cartago Agrarian Union Party 7,235 0.8 0 -1
National Independent Movement 34,437 3.6 1 +1
Costa Rican Concord Party 5,014 0.5 0 0
Independent Party 4,671 0.5 0 0
Limonese Authentic Party 3,893 0.4 0 0
People's Action Party 3,456 0.4 0 New
Democratic Party 2,672 0.3 0 0
Cartago Parliamentary Union 1,047 0.1 0 New
Partido Auténtico Puntarenense 1,036 0.1 0 0
Worker-Peasant Party 976 0.1 0 New
Progressive Liberal National Republican Party 708 0.1 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 35,576 - - -
Total 991,566 100 57 0
Source: Nohlen

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p155 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ Nohlen, p157
  3. ^ Lehoucq, Fabrice. The Politics of Modern Central America. Retrieved 16 August 2016. 
  4. ^ White, Stephen; Webb, Paul. Party Politics in New Democracies. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 16 August 2016.