Cracow, Queensland

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Cracow
Queensland
Cracow QLD - Streetscape.jpg
Third Avenue, Cracow, 2014
Cracow is located in Queensland
Cracow
Cracow
Coordinates 25°17′0″S 150°18′0″E / 25.28333°S 150.30000°E / -25.28333; 150.30000Coordinates: 25°17′0″S 150°18′0″E / 25.28333°S 150.30000°E / -25.28333; 150.30000
Population 196 (2011 census)[1]
Established 1931
Postcode(s) 4719
Location
LGA(s) Banana Shire Council
State electorate(s) Callide
Federal Division(s) Flynn
Localities around Cracow:
Isla Camboon Eidsvold West
Spring Creek Cracow Eidsvold West
Glebe Cockatoo Eidsvold West

Cracow is a gold mining town and locality in Queensland, Australia, in the Banana Shire local government area.[2][3] The town is located on the TheodoreEidsvold road, 485 kilometres (301 mi) north west of the state capital, Brisbane. At the 2011 census, Cracow and the surrounding area had a population of 196.[1]

History[edit]

Goldfield Stores, circa 1932

The town was named for a pastoral run, named in 1851 by pastoralist, John Ross, for the Polish city of Kraków which had made a brave stand for independence.[2][4]

Gold was first discovered in Cracow in 1875 by itinerant fossickers and a further discovery of a nugget was made by an Aboriginal man in 1916. In 1931, the Golden Plateau mine was established and it operated continuously until 1976.[5]

Cracow Post Office opened on 1 October 1932.[6]

At its gold mining peak, the town included five cafes, barber shop, billiard saloon, two butchers, a picture theatre and a soft drink factory.[7] The closure of the mine led to Cracow becoming a ghost town with many deserted houses and shops.

In 2004, Newcrest Mining reestablished gold mining in the town, leading to hopes the town may recover.[7]

Cracow Hotel.jpg

Facilities[edit]

Cracow Hotel bar, 2014

The local hotel is one of the only remaining retail business, as it attracts a lot of tourists due to its unusual array of strange artifacts adorning the ceilings and walls. The other business was the General Store, which doubled as a post office and video store.

Events[edit]

Fred Brophy, owner of the Cracow Hotel, 2014

Every year, Cracow hosts Fred Brophy's Boxing Tent.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Cracow (Banana Shire) (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  2. ^ a b "Cracow (town) (entry 8648)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "Cracow (locality) (entry 40425)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "NOMENCLATURE OF QUEENSLAND—100.". The Courier-Mail. Brisbane: National Library of Australia. 24 January 1936. p. 12. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  5. ^ Beattie, Ross. "Cracow". Ross Beattie's Localities pages. Archived from the original on 25 October 2009. Retrieved 2007-07-20. 
  6. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Lee, Tim (2006-02-23). "Old gold town revels in resources boom". Landline. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2007-02-13. 
  8. ^ "Simple Pleasures: Banana Shire" (PDF). The Gladstone Region. Tourism Queensland. p. 3. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cracow, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons