Crassula decumbens

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Rufous stonecrop
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Crassulaceae
Genus: Crassula
Species:
C. decumbens
Binomial name
Crassula decumbens

Crassula decumbens, commonly known as rufous stonecrop, cape crassula[1] or spreading crassula,[2] is a herb in the Crassulaceae family that is native to southern parts of Australia.[3][2]

The annual herb blooms between July and October producing cream-white-pink flowers.[3] It has a decumbent habit or erect branches up to 15 centimetres (6 in) in length. The acute leaves have a linear-lanceolate to oblanceolate shape and the blade is typically 2.5 to 9 millimetres (0.10 to 0.35 in) long with a width of 0.4 to 1.5 mm (0.016 to 0.059 in).[2] The axillary flowers are four merous with a pedicels that are longer than sepals in fruiting material. The sepals are erect with a lanceolate shape and obtuse apex. Petals are striate and brown in colour and shorter than the sepals. The flower base is connate with a hooded apex. The Stamens with anthers have an ovoid shape. It forms yellow seeds with a cylindrical-ovoid shape.[1]

The species was first formally described as Crassula decumbens by the botanist Thunberg in 1794 in the work Prodromus Plantarum Capensium. Synonyms for the species include Tillaea trichotoma and Bulliarda trichotoma.[1]

It is commonly found on dune slopes in the Great Southern, Wheatbelt, Mid West and Goldfields-Esperance regions where it grows in clay-loam-sand soils.[3] It is spread through much of Victoria and south eastern South Australia.[2] It is also found in Tasmania and New Zealand.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Crassula decumbens Thunb. Cape crassula". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d "Crassula decumbens Thunb. Spreading Crassula". VicFlora. Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Crassula decumbens". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.