Croton tiglium

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Purging Croton
Croton tiglium - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-197.jpg
Croton tiglium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Crotonoideae
Tribe: Crotoneae
Genus: Croton
Species: C. tiglium
Binomial name
Croton tiglium
L.[1] (1753)
Synonyms
  • Croton acutus Thunb.
  • Croton arboreus Shecut
  • Croton birmanicus Müll.Arg.
  • Croton camaza Perr.
  • Croton himalaicus D.G.Long
  • Croton jamalgota Buch.-Ham.
  • Croton muricatus Blanco [Illegitimate]
  • Croton officinalis (Klotzsch) Alston [Illegitimate]
  • Croton pavana Buch.-Ham.
  • Croton tiglium var. tiglium
  • Halecus verus Raf.
  • Kurkas tiglium (L.) Raf.
  • Oxydectes birmanica (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze
  • Oxydectes blancoana Kuntze
  • Oxydectes pavana (Buch.-Ham.) Kuntze
  • Oxydectes tiglium (L.) Kuntze
  • Tiglium officinale Klotzsch [2]

Croton tiglium, known as Purging Croton, is a plant species in the Euphorbiaceae family. C. tiglium is also called Jamaal Gota in Hindi and Urdu.

Traditional uses[edit]

C. tiglium is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, where it has the name bā dòu (Chinese: ). C. tiglium is known as Japaala/ජාපාල or "Jayapala" in Sinhala and used in Sinhala traditional medical system of Sri Lanka. Seeds have a purgative effect.[3][unreliable medical source?] The plant is poisonous with the bark used as an arrow poison and the seeds used to poison fish.[4]

Chemical constituents[edit]

Major known chemical constituents are crotonoleic acid,[3] glyceryl crotonate, crotonic acid[citation needed], crotonic resin, and the tumor-promoting phorbol esters phorbol formate, phorbol butyrate, and phorbol crotonate.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Croton tiglium information from NPGS/GRIN". Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  2. ^ Croton tiglium, theplantlist.org
  3. ^ a b N. R. Pillai (1999). "Gastro-intestinal effects of Croton tiglium in Experimental Animals". Ancient Science of Life 18 (3&4): 205–209. PMC 3336487. 
  4. ^ Croton tiglium Purdue University

External links[edit]