Cruceta del Vigía

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Cruceta del Vigía
Cruceta El Vigia Ponce Puerto Rico.jpg
View of the cross at night. The city of Ponce shines in the background below the hill. The Caribbean Sea is further to the right.
General information
Status Open
Type Monument
Architectural style Modern arch style
Location Barrio Portugues Urbano
Town or city Ponce
Country Puerto Rico
Coordinates 18°01′08.35″N 66°37′12.66″W / 18.0189861°N 66.6201833°W / 18.0189861; -66.6201833
Current tenants Patronato de Ponce
Groundbreaking 1983
Construction started 1983
Completed 1984
Opened 1984
Inaugurated 1984
Cost $650,000[1]
Client Municipality of Ponce
Owner Autonomous Municipality of Ponce
Architectural Modern arch.
Tip 110 feet (34 m)
Observatory Yes
Other dimensions 70 feet across
Technical details
Structural system Steel and Reinforced concrete
Floor count 10
Lifts/elevators One
Design and construction
Architect Ruben Colondres[2]
Architecture firm Colondres & Laboy[2]
Structural engineer Jose L. Irizarry[2]
Services engineer Ramon Montero[2]
Civil engineer Axel Bonilla[2]
Quantity surveyor Jose Raul Vazquez-Geli[2]
Main contractor Venegas Construction Corp.[2]
Other information
Parking Lighted Lot

Cruceta del Vigía (English: The Watchman Cross) is a 100-foot-tall cross located atop Vigia Hill in Ponce, Puerto Rico, across from Museo Castillo Serrallés. It houses a tourist center at its base, a ten-story vertical tower, and a horizontal sky bridge that has panoramic views of the city of Ponce and the Caribbean Sea. Visitors can reach the skybridge via glass elevators or a staircase. Made of reinforced concrete, the cross has withstood various natural disasters, including three major hurricanes. The arms of the cross measure 70 feet. It was inaugurated in 1984.[3]

One of many landmarks of the city of Ponce, the cross is owned by the Municipality of Ponce and is currently operated by the "Patronato de Ponce", a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving and administrating several of the city's landmarks.

Historical background[edit]

View of El Vigia Cross.

The cross sits at the same spot on Vigia Hill where early Spanish settlers once looked out for merchant ships and would-be invaders, including marauding pirates. In 1801, the settlers built a much smaller cross made of two intersecting tree trunks where an observer would constantly watch the sea and the city's port, raising different flags to either notify local merchants of incoming trade ships or alert military authorities of possible threats (a replica of this wooden cross now sits behind the current monument). Originally a hut was built accompanied by a cross from where flags were raised to signal the approach of ships as well as their port of origin. This station was run by two brothers Ricardo and Alberto Lugo, they were honored with a plaque at the base of the cross in 1984. They are descendants of Alonso Fernández de Lugo last conquistador of Spain.[4]

One of the best remembered watchmen was named Luis Castro. Nearly 200 years ago, Luis would sit atop a huge wooden cross on this hill. On the lookout for ocean vessels, it was his responsibility to determine the nationality of approaching ships. If he recognized the vessel he would raise a flag, but if a ship was thought to be carrying contraband then no flag was raised and the Spanish military would investigate. The Cruceta was built in honor of Mr. Castro and all the other watchmen who so faithfully helped protect the city during its younger years.[3]

The Vigia Hill also served as a refugee camp for citizens during a storm on September 12, 1738, an earthquake on May 10, 1787, a tsunami on November 18, 1867, and the United States invasion on July 25, 1898. [5]

Japanese Garden[edit]

In recent years, a Japanese Garden was built in the grounds nearby the Cruceta. The garden is located in a 2,223 square meter ground. Its purpose is to encourage spiritual peace and harmony by the means of nature and Zen music. The garden features small lakes, rivers, bonsais, and bridges.


  1. ^ Construiran Ponce La Cruz del Vigia. El Vocero. San Juan. Puerto Rico. 24 March 1983. Page 50.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Cruceta del Vigia Museum. Information posters.
  3. ^ a b Ponce, Puerto Rico: The Pearl of the South. Sandra Scott. Central and South America. 2007. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  4. ^ La Cruceta del Vigía / Cross Watchtower, Ponce, Puerto Rico
  5. ^ La Cruceta del Vigia. By (In Spanish) Retrieved April 24, 2010.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 18°01′08.35″N 66°37′12.66″W / 18.0189861°N 66.6201833°W / 18.0189861; -66.6201833