Timeline of Ponce, Puerto Rico

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Ponce, Puerto Rico.

Pre 16th century[edit]

16th century[edit]

  • 1508 – Cacique Agüeybaná, the cacique who led the region of which Ponce was a part, greets Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León on his arrival to the island of Puerto Rico.
  • 1511 – Agüeybaná II, the cacique of the area that would later be known as Ponce, leads the Taíno rebellion of 1511 against the Spanish invaders but later dies of battle wounds.
  • 1550 – Or, middle of the XVI century. Residents of San German spread out to the plains of the southern coast of Puerto Rico as far as Rio Jacaguas, now part of Ponce, to raise cattle and farm the land.[2]
  • 1582 – Colonizers settled on the banks of Rio Jacaguas, Ponce.[3][1]

17th century[edit]

  • 1646 – The area settled by the Spanish colonists is first referred to by the name of "Ponce".[4][5]
  • 1670 – A chapel is erected in the middle of the Spanish settlement and dedicated in honor of Our Lady of Guadalupe.
  • 1678 – Governor Juan de Robles Lorenzana attempts to organize the settlement at Ponce with the appointment of a "Capitán a guerra" but, unwilling to formalize the settlement, all of the Ponce residents refuse to accept the post.[6]
  • 1692 – The Spanish settlement at Ponce is recognized as a hamlet by the Spanish King Carlos II.

18th century[edit]

  • 1712 – The populated place is chartered as El Poblado de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe de Ponce (The village of Our Lady of Guadalupe of Ponce).[7]
  • 1724 – Founding of the San Antonio Abad shrine at the location currently occupied by the Ponce City Hall.[8]
  • 1742 – The English attack Ponce and the invasion is repealed by local citizens.[9]
  • 1760 – Fuerte de San José is built in Barrio Playa.[10]
  • 1765 – First census yields a total of 3,314 souls residing in Ponce.[8]
  • 1778 – Coamo takes over administrative jurisdiction of the region of Ponce from San German.[11]
  • 1787 – The 1787 Boricua earthquake cracks the walls of the Our Lady of Guadalupe church.[12]

19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

21st century[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Informe Final del Proyecto de Monitoreo Socioeconómico en las Áreas Protegidas Marinas y Costeras de Puerto Rico: Reserva Natural Punta Cucharas, Ponce, Puerto Rico. Rosemarie Vazquez Cruz, Carlos J. Carrero Morales, Jeannette Ramos Garcia and Andreica Maldonado. A joint project by NOAA, DRNA, Centro Interdisciplinario de Estudios del Litoral (UPR-Mayaguez), and Programa de Colegio Sea Grant de la UPR. 2011. Gaspar Pons, Reserva Natural Punta Cucharas. Ponce, Puerto Rico. Re-published by Carlos Carrero. (November 2011). Page 37. Accessed 25 February 2019.
  2. ^ Mariano Vidal Armstrong. Ponce: Notas para su historia. Comite Historia de los Pueblos. San Juan, Puerto Rico. 1986. p. 14.
  3. ^ Cayetano Coll y Toste. "Memoria del Gobernador Melgarejo." Biblioteca Histórica de Puerto Rico. 1914. Volume 1. Page 82.
  4. ^ Luis Fortuño Janeiro. Album Historico de Ponce (1692–1963). Page 6. 1963. Imprenta Fortuno. Ponce, Puerto Rico.
  5. ^ Ponce, Puerto Rico: Algunos Datos (In Spanish). Datos sobre Ponce. Retrieved 22 November 2009.
  6. ^ Eduardo Neumann Gandia. Verdadera y Autentica Historia de la Ciudad de Ponce. Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña. 1913. p. 10.
  7. ^ Government of the Municipality of Ponce. Transportate > Walking Tour Archived 2012-07-03 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ a b Eduardo Neumann Gandia. Verdadera y Autentica Historia de la Ciudad de Ponce. Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña. 1913. p.258.
  9. ^ Informe Final del Proyecto de Monitoreo Socioeconómico en las Áreas Protegidas Marinas y Costeras de Puerto Rico: Reserva Natural Punta Cucharas, Ponce, Puerto Rico. Rosemarie Vazquez Cruz, Carlos J. Carrero Morales, Jeannette Ramos Garcia and Andreica Maldonado. A joint project by NOAA, DRNA, Centro Interdisciplinario de Estudios del Litoral (UPR-Mayaguez), and Programa de Colegio Sea Grant de la UPR. 2011. Gaspar Pons, Reserva Natural Punta Cucharas. Ponce, Puerto Rico. Re-published by Carlos Carrero. (November 2011). Page 37. Accessed 7 June 2016.
  10. ^ Socorro Giron. Ponce, el teatro La Perla y La Campana de La Almudaina. Gobierno Municipal de Ponce. 1992. p.653.
  11. ^ Informe Final del Proyecto de Monitoreo Socioeconómico en las Áreas Protegidas Marinas y Costeras de Puerto Rico: Reserva Natural Punta Cucharas, Ponce, Puerto Rico. Rosemarie Vazquez Cruz, Carlos J. Carrero Morales, Jeannette Ramos Garcia and Andreica Maldonado. A joint project by NOAA, DRNA, Centro Interdisciplinario de Estudios del Litoral (UPR-Mayaguez), and Programa de Colegio Sea Grant de la UPR. 2011. Gaspar Pons, Reserva Natural Punta Cucharas. Ponce, Puerto Rico. Re-published by Carlos Carrero. (November 2011). Page 32. Accessed 25 February 2019.
  12. ^ Historia sísmica de Puerto Rico: Terremotos significativos en la zona de Puerto Rico on SalonHogar
  13. ^ Eduardo Neumann Gandia. Verdadera y Autentica Historia de la Ciudad de Ponce. Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña. 1913. p.259.
  14. ^ Ramon Marin. La Villa de Ponce Considerada en tres distintas épocas: Estudio Histórico, Descriptivo, y Estadístico, hasta fines del año 1876. Ponce, PR: Establecimiento Tipográfico "El Vapor". 1877. (Section III of Ramon Marin'sLas Fiestas Populares de Ponce. p.184. San Juan, PR: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. 1994.)
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Guillermo A. Baralt. Buena Vista: Life and work in a Puerto Rican Hacienda, 1833-1904. Translated from the Spanish by Andrew Hurley. (Originally published in 1988 by Fideicomiso de Conservación de Puerto Rico as La Buena Vista: Estancia de Frutos Menores, fabrica de harinas y hacienda cafetalera.) 1999. Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA: University of North Carolina Press. p. 18. ISBN 0807848018
  16. ^ Socorro Giron. Ponce, el teatro La Perla y La Campana de La Almudaina: Historia de Ponce desde sus comienzos hasta la segunda década del siglo XX. Ponce Municipal Government. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 1986. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Corripio, C. por A. 3rd edition (1992). page 9. LOC: 85-90989. Registration Number: TX-1-977-212
  17. ^ Ivette Perez Vega. Las Sociedades Mercantiles de Ponce (1816-1830). Academia Puertorriqueña de la Historia. San Juan, PR: Ediciones Puerto. 2015. p. 299.ISBN 9781617900563
  18. ^ Eduardo Questell Rodriguez. Historia de la Comunidad Bélgica de Ponce, a partir de la Hacienda Muñiz y Otros datos. Ponce, Puerto Rico: Mariana Editores. 2018. p.13. ISBN 9781935892045
  19. ^ Barrios de Ponce. Antepasados Esclavos.(From: Pedro Tomás de Córdoba. Memorias geográficas, históricas, económicas y estadísticas de la Isla de Puerto Rico.) Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  20. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  21. ^ Emilio Pasarell. Esculcando el Siglo XIX en Puerto Rico. Barcelona: M. Pareja. 1967. p.27.
  22. ^ a b Francisco Lluch Mora. Orígenes y fundación de Ponce y otras noticias relativas a su desarrollo urbano, demográfico y cultural : (siglos XVI-XIX). San Juan, P.R.: Plaza Mayor. 2001. p. 132.
  23. ^ Emilio Pasarell. Esculcando el Siglo XIX en Puerto Rico. Barcelona: M. Pareja. 1967. p.19.
  24. ^ Historia de las Carreteras de Puerto Rico: 1857-La Carretera Central. Primera Hora. 13 March 2006. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  25. ^ Government of the Municipality of Ponce. Ponce Walking Tour. At VisitPonce.com Archived 16 March 2010 at WebCite
  26. ^ Government of the Municipality of Ponce. VisitPonce website > Disfrutalo > Ponce es para Ti > Paseo de Arte y Cultura> Teatro La Perla. Archived 11 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ Guillermo A. Baralt. Buena Vista: Life and work in a Puerto Rican Hacienda, 1833-1904. Translated from the Spanish by Andrew Hurley. (Originally published in 1988 by Fideicomiso de Conservación de Puerto Rico as La Buena Vista: Estancia de Frutos Menores, fabrica de harinas y hacienda cafetalera.) 1999. Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA: University of North Carolina Press. p. 4.
  28. ^ Emilio Pasarell. Esculcando el Siglo XIX en Puerto Rico. Barcelona: M. Pareja. 1967. p.12.
  29. ^ Emilio Pasarell. Esculcando el Siglo XIX en Puerto Rico. Barcelona: M. Pareja. 1967. p.10.
  30. ^ Emilio Pasarell. Esculcando el Siglo XIX en Puerto Rico. Barcelona: M. Pareja. 1967. p.33.
  31. ^ Reclaman preservación de centenaria estructura en Ponce. Pedro A. Menéndez Sanabria. El Nuevo Dia. 25 February 2015.
  32. ^ Annual report of the Secretary of War. United States War Department. 1915. Vol III. Page 80.
  33. ^ Eli D. Oquendo Rodriguez. De criadero a partido: Ojeada a la Historia de los Origenes de Ponce, 1645-1810. Lajas, Puerto Rico: Editorial Akelarre. 2015. Page 43.
  34. ^ Socorro Giron. Ramon Marin y su Tiempo. In, Ramon Marin's Las Fiestas Populares de Ponce. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. 1994. p.22.
  35. ^ José Gimeno Agius [es] (1885). "Poblacion y comercio de la isla de Puerto Rico". Revista de España [es] (in Spanish). Madrid. 102: 546+.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  36. ^ El Plan de Ponce. Ruthie Garcia Vera. "La Vida Politica del Siglo XIX. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
  37. ^ Las Fiestas Populares de Ponce. Ramon Marin. Socorro Guron, Ed. Universidad de Puerto Rico. 1994. p.26. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
  38. ^ Historia de Puerto Rico. Isla de Puerto Rico. Paul G. Miller. Rand McNally & Co., Chicago, Illinois (USA). 1922. Digitized format (Digitized by the Internet Archive, in 2011 with funding from The Library of Congress.). page 305. Accessed 24 May 2016.
  39. ^ "Spain: Colonies: Cuba and Porto Rico". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1895.
  40. ^ Francisco Lluch Mora. Orígenes y fundación de Ponce y otras noticias relativas a su desarrollo urbano, demográfico y cultural : (siglos XVI-XIX). San Juan, P.R.: Plaza Mayor. 2001. p. 14.
  41. ^ Centro Cultural Carmen Solá Vda. de Pereira. Archived 19 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine Government of the Municipality of Ponce, Puerto Rico. Ponce, Ciudad Señorial: Atracciones Turisticas. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  42. ^ About El diario de Puerto Rico. (Ponce, P.R.) 1909–1911. National Endowment for the Humanities: Chronicling America, Historic American Newspapers. U.S. Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 October 2011. Note: The newspaper was called "El Diario de Puerto Rico" from 1909 to 1911. In 1911 it shortened its name to "El Día", a name it would carry until its 1970 move to San Juan and reorganization, when it was renamed "El Nuevo Dia".
  43. ^ "United States of America: Outlying Territories: Porto Rico". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1921.
  44. ^ "Chronology of Catholic Dioceses: Puerto Rico". Norway: Roman Catholic Diocese of Oslo. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  45. ^ Casa Fernando Luis Toro. Beatriz del Cueto Pantel, Colegio de Arquitectos de Puerto Rico. Mariano G. Coronas Castro, Puerto Rico Historical Society. 27 December 1985. National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form. (US Department of the Interior. National Park Service. 5 March 1986.) Listing Reference Number 86000421. Page 3. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
  46. ^ a b U.S. Bureau of the Census (1943), Leon E. Truesdell (ed.), "Puerto Rico: Housing, General Characteristics", Sixteenth Census of the United States: 1940 (in English and Spanish), Washington DC: Government Printing Office
  47. ^ a b "United States AM Stations: Puerto Rico", Yearbook of Radio and Television, New York: Radio Television Daily, 1964, OCLC 7469377 – via Internet Archive Free to read
  48. ^ Informe Final del Proyecto de Monitoreo Socioeconómico en las Áreas Protegidas Marinas y Costeras de Puerto Rico: Reserva Natural Punta Cucharas, Ponce, Puerto Rico. Rosemarie Vazquez Cruz, Carlos J. Carrero Morales, Jeannette Ramos Garcia and Andreica Maldonado. A joint project by NOAA, DRNA, Centro Interdisciplinario de Estudios del Litoral (UPR-Mayaguez), and Programa de Colegio Sea Grant de la UPR. 2011. Gaspar Pons, Reserva Natural Punta Cucharas. Ponce, Puerto Rico. Re-published by Carlos Carrero. (November 2011). Page 38. Accessed 25 February 2019.
  49. ^ "United States TV Stations: Puerto Rico", Yearbook of Radio and Television, New York: Radio Television Daily, 1964, OCLC 7469377 Free to read
  50. ^ Santa Maria Shopping Center. Archived 17 February 2014 at Archive.today Retrieved 16 February 2014.
  51. ^ "General Population Characteristics: Puerto Rico", 1970 Census of Population (in English and Spanish), Washington DC: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1971
  52. ^ "Timeline: Puerto Rico". BBC News. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
  53. ^ "United States Commonwealth Territories: Puerto Rico". Europa World Year Book. Europa Publications. 2004. ISBN 1857432533.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Alejandro Ramirez was chief of the "Superintendencia de Hacienda" in Puerto Rico which, until recently, had been separated from the powers of the Governor (see "Alejandro Ramírez Blanco" in EnCaribe, Enciclopedia de Historia y Cultura del Caribe.)

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 18°27′00″N 66°04′00″W / 18.45°N 66.066667°W / 18.45; -66.066667