Cyber Civil Rights Initiative

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The Cyber Civil Rights Initiative (CCRI) is a non-profit organization that was started as the End Revenge Porn campaign in 2012 by Holly Jacobs, who herself was a victim of revenge porn.[1][2]


CCRI's mission is to raise awareness about online harassment and advocate for technological, social, and legal reform.[2][3] CCRI prefers the term "nonconsensual pornography" to "revenge porn" and considers it a form of sexual abuse.[4][5]


In August 2012, after struggling for years as a victim of revenge porn, Holly Jacobs started an online campaign, End Revenge Porn (ERP),[6] which advocated for the criminalization of revenge porn.[7] She teamed up with legal experts and anti-revenge porn advocates Mary Anne Franks, Charlotte Laws, and Danielle Citron and, in 2013, incorporated all of her advocacy work into the nonprofit organization, CCRI.[2][8]


Holly Jacobs is the founder, president, and executive director of CCRI.[9]

Professor Mary Anne Franks is the Vice-President and Legislative and Tech Policy Director of CCRI.[3][10]

Charlotte Laws is a board member of CCRI.[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Chemaly, Soraya (30 June 2015). "A Primer on Online Misogyny: 'Revenge' Porn is Only One Dimension". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  2. ^ a b c Brown, Kristen (29 June 2015). "Why did it take so long to ban revenge porn?". Fusion. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Mary Anne Franks".
  4. ^ Staff. "About". CCRI. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
  5. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Cyber Civil Rights Initiative. Revenge porn, n. - A form of sexual abuse that involves the distribution of nude/sexually explicit photos and/or videos of an individual without their consent. Revenge porn, sometimes called cyber-rape or nonconsensual pornography, is usually posted by a scorned ex-lover or friend, in order to seek revenge after a relationship has gone sour.
  6. ^ "About". Cyber Civil Rights Initiative. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  7. ^ Proudman, Charlotte. "Revenge Porn: enough still isn't being done to stop it". The Independent. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  8. ^ O'Connor, Maureen (29 August 2013). "The Crusading Sisterhood of Revenge-Porn Victims". New York Magazine (The Cut). Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  9. ^ "MDFAWL Helps End Revenge Porn". Florida Association for Women Lawyers, Miami-Dade Chapter. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  10. ^ Franks, Mary Anne (22 June 2015). "How to Defeat 'Revenge Porn': First, Recognize It's About Privacy, Not Revenge". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  11. ^ Craig, Natalie (10 March 2014). "Revenge porn could become criminal". The Columbia Chronicle. Retrieved 6 July 2015.

External links[edit]