Cystine reductase

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cystine reductase
EC no.
CAS no.9029-18-9
IntEnzIntEnz view
ExPASyNiceZyme view
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a cystine reductase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

2 L-cysteine + NAD+ L-cystine + NADH + H+

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are L-cysteine and NAD+, whereas its 3 products are L-cystine, NADH, and H+.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on a sulfur group of donors with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-cysteine:NAD+ oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include cystine reductase (NADH), NADH-dependent cystine reductase, cystine reductase (NADH2), and NADH2:L-cystine oxidoreductase. This enzyme participates in cysteine metabolism.


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  • Carroll JE, Kosicki GW, Thibert RJ (1970). "Alpha-substituted cystines as possible substrates for cystine reductase and L-amino acid oxidase". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 198 (3): 601–3. doi:10.1016/0005-2744(70)90137-3. PMID 5436160.
  • Maresca B, Jacobson E, Medoff G, Kobayashi G (1978). "Cystine reductase in the dimorphic fungus Histoplasma capsulatum". J. Bacteriol. 135 (3): 987–92. PMC 222474. PMID 211119.