Daniel I. Wikler
Daniel I. Wikler
Daniel Isaac Wikler
May 21, 1946
Lexington, Kentucky, USA
|Alma mater||Oberlin College, UCLA|
|Era||20th-century philosophy, 21st-century philosophy|
|Region||Western Philosophy, International Philosophy, Global health ethics|
As faculty member
Daniel I. Wikler (born 1946) is an American public health educator, philosopher, and medical ethicist. He is currently the Mary B. Saltonstall Professor of Population Ethics and Professor of Ethics and Population Health in the Department of Global Health and Population of the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston. He is Director and a core faculty member in the Harvard Program in Ethics and Health (PEH). His current research interests are ethical issues in population and international health, including the allocation of health resources, health research involving human subjects, organ transplant ethics, and ethical dilemmas arising in public health practice, and he teaches several courses each year. He is a fellow of the Hastings Center, an independent bioethics research institution.
Wikler's published work addresses many issues in bioethics, including issues in reproduction, transplantation, and end-of-life decision-making. His current interests address bioethical issues arising in a population level and global perspective. His book series, Studies in Philosophy and Health Policy, was published by Cambridge University Press, as was From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice, co-authored by Prof. Wikler and three other philosophers: Allen D. Buchanan, Norman Daniels, and Daniel W. Brock. His most current research and writing topics include Compensation and Redress, Ethics Committees, Research Experimentation upon Human Subjects, Informed Consent, Patient Selection, Poverty, and War-Time Human Rights Abuses and Atrocities.
Professional career before Harvard
Wikler earned Highest Honors in Philosophy at Oberlin College in Ohio, where he received the baccalaureate degree in 1967. He served for two years (1968–1970) as Social Science Analyst in NIMH, the National Institute of Mental Health, in Washington, DC. He completed his doctorate in philosophy at the University of California at Los Angeles in 1976, where from 1972 to 1975 he was also awarded a Teaching Fellowship in the Department of Philosophy. He began his career working on natural language semantics at the intersection of philosophy, linguistics, and mathematics.
University of Wisconsin-Madison At the University of Wisconsin-Madison, he was professor of philosophy in the UW-Madison Department of Philosophy, professor in the Department of the History of Medicine's Program in Medical Ethics, and professor in the medical school of the University of Wisconsin, Madison, serving from 1975 to 2002.
US Presidential Commission
From 1980 to 1981, he served on the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine in Washington, D.C., as Staff Philosopher for Biomedical and Behavioral Research.
World Health Organization
He served as the first staff ethicist for the World Health Organization, and remains a consultant to several WHO programs. Prof. Wikler was co-founder (with Peter Singer and Helga Kuhse) and second president of the International Association of Bioethics and has served on the advisory boards of the Asian Bioethics Association and the Pan American Health Organization (AHO) Regional Program in Bioethics.
While at the World Health Organization, he instituted an international collaboration among philosophers and economists on ethical, methodological, and philosophical issues raised by WHO's work in measurement of the global burden of disease and in developing methods for improving health resource allocation.
Professional career at Harvard
Wikler writes, lectures, and advises in bioethics and professional ethics, both internationally and in Greater Boston, including at Harvard. During the summers, he also attends and teaches at a summer program at Fondation Brocher | Accueil outside Geneva. He is considered a world expert on ethics of the medical definition of death, specifically related to the dead-donor rule with regard to organ transplantation.
He serves on numerous Harvard University and other professional committees and advises several student groups, including the Harvard Undergraduate Bioethics Society (HUBS), sponsor in March 2008 of the National Undergraduate Bioethics Conference.
Until 2010, Wikler was the co-director (with Dr. Richard A. Cash, also of HSPH) of the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health’s Program on Ethical Issues in Global Health Research (formerly Program on Ethical Issues in International Health Research, through June 2008), a program of both empirical and theoretical research on ethical issues in health research, particularly in developing countries. Versions of the course have been taught in over a dozen developing nations, including Mexico, South Africa, Nigeria, India, Pakistan, and UAE. The Program offered fellowships for scholars in developing countries and sponsored an intensive each year for an international clientele. A version of that program is now operated by Harvard Chan School's ORARC (which nicknames it 'eager' - EIGHR).
- Studies in Philosophy and Health Policy (book series published by Cambridge University Press)
- Buchanan, Allen; Brock, Dan W.; Daniels, Norman; Wikler, Daniel. From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-66977-4. 2000.
- PubMed Articles
- Wikler, D. and Cash, R. “Ethical Issues in Global Public Health” In Robert Beaglehole and Ruth Bonita, eds.. Global Public Health, Oxford University Press, 2009
- Wikler, D., "A crisis in medical professionalism: time for Flexner II". In Denis Arnold, ed., Ethics and the Business of Biomedicine, Cambridge University Press, 2009
- Wikler, D., Marchand, S., "Society’s Allocation of Resources for Health". In Kuhse H. and Singer P., A Companion to Bioethics. John Wiley and Sons, 2009
- Brock, D., Wikler, D., Ethical Challenges In Long-Term Funding For HIV/AIDS, Health Affairs 28(6), 2009, 1666-1677
- Schmidt, H., Voigt, K., Wikler, D. Carrots, Sticks, and Health Care Reform — Problems with Wellness Incentives, New England Journal of Medicine (10.1056/NEJMp0911552), 2009
- Cash, R., Wikler, D., Saxena, A., Capron, A. Casebook on Ethical Issues in International Health Research, Geneva: World Health Organization, 2010. Translated into five languages; second edition forthcoming.
- Daniel W. Brock of Harvard Medical School's DME and Harvard's Program in Ethics and Health
- Norman Daniels of HSPH
- Ole Norheim, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
- Richard A. Cash of HSPH, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
- Till Baernighausen, University of Heidelberg
- Dan Wikler's HSPH Faculty Site
- Full list of important ethics publications, 1977-2013
- Harvard Catalyst Profile for Professor Daniel Wikler - Searchable, with historical timelines of publications and concepts presented.
- The Ethics of the Organ Bazaar, March 28, 2008, HSPH
- Journal of the Norwegian Psychological Association, Vol 46, No. 11, 2009, p. 1077-1081 In the margin ...
- News at HSPH: Health Care Rationed in U.S., HSPH Ethicist Says
- The Hastings Center Hastings Center Fellows. Accessed November 6, 2010
- Dr. Wikler describes his early career briefly at the beginning of his 2016 'Ethics and E-cigs. An Analysis and A Proposal' talk at a research seminar at Institutet för Framtidsstudier (the Institute for Futures Studies) in Stockholm, Sweden
- Durchen S. A Fine Line: Is it time to reconsider the dead-donor rule? Harvard Medicine Magazine, Autumn 2016, available free online
- Ethical Issues in Global Health Research (EIGHR), Office of Human Research Administration (OHRA) website