Wilmington and Western Railroad
|Locale||New Castle County, Delaware, USA|
|Dates of operation||1872–1877, 1966–present|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
Wilmington and Western Railroad
|Location||2201 Newport Gap Pike, Wilmington, Delaware|
|Area||73 acres (30 ha)|
|Architect||Wilmington & Western Railroad Co.|
|NRHP reference #||80000932|
|Added to NRHP||September 8, 1980|
The Wilmington and Western Railroad (reporting mark WWRC) is a freight and heritage railroad in northern Delaware, operating over a former Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) branch between Wilmington and Hockessin. The 10.2-mile (16.4 km) railroad operates both steam and diesel locomotives. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places as a national historic district in 1980. Wilmington Western serves one customer for revenue service, and interchanges with CSX Transportation at Landenberg Junction, Delaware
The Delaware and Chester County Railroad was incorporated in February 1867 to build from Wilmington in the direction of Parkesburg or Atglen, Pennsylvania, and was renamed the Wilmington and Western Railroad in March 1869, opening the line to Landenberg in 1872. A foreclosure sale in April 1877 produced the Delaware Western Railroad, which was incorporated in June 1877 and merged into the Baltimore and Philadelphia Railroad, a B&O subsidiary, in February 1883.
The B&O cut back the line to Southwood in the early 1940s and to Hockessin in the late 1950s. Historic Red Clay Valley, Inc. began operating steam tourist trains on weekends in 1966, reusing the old W&W name, and in August 1982 the W&W bought the branch from the Chessie System for $25,000, which included Ex-B&O SW1 #8408 as a part of the purchase.
In 1999, the rains of Hurricane Floyd caused considerable damage to the railroad. Two trestles were entirely destroyed by the flooding of Red Clay Creek, which also caused track washouts and damaged several other trestles. The two destroyed bridges were replaced by steel trestles, but the other timber trestles were simply repaired.
In 2003, Tropical Storm Henri struck the valley and produced an even more catastrophic flood. While the two steel bridges (and an iron trestle at Ashland) survived the flood, the remaining bridges were swept away or irreparably damaged. Despite the damage caused by these storms, the Wilmington and Western continued to operate on the remaining track, and replaced all of the destroyed bridges with steel trestles. The line officially reopened into Hockessin on June 30, 2007.
Locomotives & rolling stock
|Wilmington and Western Railroad|
- 4-4-0 American #98 was built by the American Locomotive Company of Schenectady, NY in January 1909 (construction #45921). The locomotive was built for the Mississippi Central Railroad of Hattiesburg, Mississippi. The engine ran for the Mississippi Central Railroad from 1909 to 1944, before it was sold to Paulsen Spence, the owner of the Louisiana Eastern Railroad. The engine was sold again to Thomas C. Marshall, in 1960, and was moved to the Strasburg Rail Road in 1961 for storage. The locomotive was moved to the Wilmington and Western in 1964 and would start operating on the Wilmington and Western in the fall of 1972. The Engine is currently one of two regularly operational American Type steam locomotives east of the Mississippi. The engine is expected to be taken out of service in 2019 for its Federally Mandated 1,472 Day Inspection.
- 0-6-0 Switcher #58 was built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works of Philadelphia in October 1907 (construction #31899) for the Atlanta, Birmingham, and Atlantic Railroad, soon to become the Atlanta, Birmingham, & Coast Railroad. The engine was numbered was originally numbered 58, but was renumbered to 27 before being pressed into service. The engine would find multiple owners over the years, including the United States Army, Virginia Blue Ridge Railway, and the Mead Company where it was renumbered 300. The engine was sold to Brian Woodcock in 1973, where he would renumber the engine back to 58 and store the engine at the Wilmington and Western Railroad until the Mid-1980's, when it would be moved to Avondale, PA. The engine was donated to the HRCV in 1997 by its owner with intentions for it to operate and would do so in the Late 1998. In November 2013, the engine was taken out of service due to a Federally Mandated 1,472 Day Rebuild. The engine is expected to be operational by the Late 2017/2018 Season.
- 2-6-0 Mogul #92 was built by the Canadian Locomotive Company of Kingston, Ontario in 1910 for the Grand Trunk Railroad (Soon to be owned by Canadian National Railway). The engine was classified as an E-8-a, but was reclassified as an E-12 and again to an E-10-a after being upgraded with Piston Valves and Superheating. The engine was renumbered to 919 in the 1920's and operated under that number until the Mid 1950's when it and the rest of the E-10-a class were renumbered from 81-96, where it gained the number 92. 92 and most of the E-10-a class worked branch lines across the system. The engine was taken out of service in the late 1950's during the railroad's transition period to dieselization and was listed as surplus. In 1960 the locomotive was purchased by Thomas C. Marshall Jr. in 1960 for it to run on the Historic Red Clay Valley Inc.'s future railroad. It was moved down to Yorklyn, Delaware where it was rebuilt. It was the first steam locomotive to operate for the railroad when it became a tourist line. The engine operated from Spring of 1966 to Fall of 1972, when the engine was taken out of service due to mechanical issues. The engine is stored in Marshallton, awaiting restoration to operation.
- 0-4-0F #1 was built for Delaware Power & Light by H.K. Porterin 1950. The Engine is a fireless locomotive, meaning it is a locomotive without a firebox. The locomotive was donated by Delmarva Power in 1981. The engine is currently stored in Marshallton. Its disposition is currently unknown.
- 0-6-0 Switcher #60 was built for the Pennsylvania Railroad in December 1913 classified as a B-6. The engine ran until the 1950's when it was taken out of service and purchased by the Cemline Corporation. The engine was purchased by a private owner was moved to Marshallton in the 1970's for storage. The engine was moved to Hockessin and has been sitting on one of the W&W's sidings. The locomotive was in the process of being donated to the HRCV in 2017, while its disposition is unknown.
- SW-1 #114 was built in 1940 by the Electro-Motive Corporation (EMC) of General Motors for the Lehigh Valley Railroad. The engine operated for the Lehigh Valley Railroad for many years, eventually to be sold to the Maryland Port Authority as a switch engine. In 1974, it was purchased for excursion service on the Ocean City Western Railroad. The engine would be purchased by the HRCV in 1992 in trade for ALCo S-2 #3. The engine has been in excursion and occasional freight service since 1993.
- SW-1 #8408 was built in 1940 by EMC of General Motors and served the B&O in freight service on the Landenberg Branch until 1982. It operated on the Tourist Line from 1982 until 2008, when it was taken out of service for a restoration of the locomotive. In 2011, it was shipped to McHugh Locomotive & Equipment for restoration. The Engine came back to the Wilmington and Western in February 2016, being officially pressed into service on May 28th, 2016. The engine is now the main motive power on diesel-powered excursions.
- Self-Propelled Rail Car
- Doodlebug #4662 (aka "The Paul Revere"); built by Pullman Standard for the Pennsylvania Railroad; in 1929. The engine ran for the Pennsylvania Railroad, mostly on Branchlines. The "Doodlebug" was retired in 1959, being sold to the National Capital Trolley Museum. The engine was purchased by the HRCV in 1967 and has operated since 1979. The engine is one of two Pennsylvania Railroad Doodlebugs still in existence.
- Passenger Cars
- DL&W Boonton Combine #410 was built in 1914 by the Pullman Company for the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad for commuter service. It was in commuter service until the late 1950's, when newer passenger cars were pressed into service. 410 and 3 other boonton coaches were purchased by HRCV in the early 1960's for passenger service. 410 has been in service since 1966.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- An Act to incorporate the Delaware and Chester County Railroad Company, passed February 5, 1867
- Interstate Commerce Commission, 42 Val. Rep. 1 (1933): Valuation Docket No. 1068, The Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road Company and its Leased Lines
- Wilmington & Western Railroad: History, accessed February 2009
- John C. Rumm (1978). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Wilmington and Western Railroad" (PDF). National Park Service. and accompanying 11 photos