Democratic and Independent Cape Verdean Union
|Headquarters||Praia, Santiago Island, Cape Verde|
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The party had its roots in the Democratic Union of Cape Verde (União Democrática de Cabo Verde, UDCV), a group that emerged from the Juridicial Congress of Cape Verde in 1975. However, the UDCV was excluded from negotiations on independence with the Portuguese government.
The Democratic and Independent Cape Verdean Union was formally established in Lisbon, Portugal in 1981 by a group of centre-right Cape Verdean exiles. When multi-party politics was introduced at the start of the 1990s, the party did not contest the 1991 parliamentary elections after failing to file its application papers in time. In internal elections in 1993, Celso Celestino was elected as the party's new leader.
In the 1995 parliamentary elections the party received just 2,369 votes (1.5%), failing to win a seat. It supported incumbent President António Mascarenhas Monteiro of the Movement for Democracy in the 1996 presidential elections, with Monteiro winning unopposed.
In the buildup to the January 2001 parliamentary elections the party joined the Democratic Alliance for Change (ADM), a coalition including the Democratic Convergence Party and the Labour and Solidarity Party. The alliance received 6% of the vote, winning two seats in the National Assembly. In the presidential elections a month later, ADM candidate Jorge Carlos Fonseca finished third of the four candidates with 3% of the vote.
The UCID contested the 2006 parliamentary elections alone, winning two seats with 2.6% of the vote. It did not nominate a candidate for the presidential elections later in the year. It retained both seats in the 2011 parliamentary elections, increasing its vote share to 4.4%. It did not nominate a candidate for the 2011 presidential elections. After the 2016 parliamentary election, UCID has three seats, one additional.
- Cruz, Pedro Lopes da. "Ideologias Políticas: Direita e Esquerda em Cabo Verde, de 1975 a 2010 - Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas da Universidade Técnica de Lisboa" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas da Universidade Técnica de Lisboa (High Institute of Social Sciences and Politics at the Technical University of Lisbon).
- Sanches, Edelina (2011). "Institucionalização dos Sistemas Partidários na África Lusófona – O caso cabo-verdiano" [Institutionalization of Party Systems in Lusophony Africa] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Cadernos de Estudos Africanos - PUC/RJ. p. 111-138.
- Richard A Lobban Jr & Paul Khalil Saucier (2007) Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Cape Verde, Scarecrow Press, p228
- Lobban & Saucier, p229
- Lobban & Saucier, p230