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View over Dessau.
View over Dessau.
Coat of arms of Dessau-Roßlau
Coat of arms
Dessau-Roßlau   is located in Germany
Coordinates: 51°50′N 12°15′E / 51.833°N 12.250°E / 51.833; 12.250Coordinates: 51°50′N 12°15′E / 51.833°N 12.250°E / 51.833; 12.250
Country Germany
State Saxony-Anhalt
District Urban district
 • Lord Mayor Klemens Koschig
 • Governing parties Christian Democratic Union / The Left / Social Democratic Party of Germany
 • Total 244.62 km2 (94.45 sq mi)
Elevation 61 m (200 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 82,919
 • Density 340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 06811-06849
Dialling codes 0340 (Dessau)
Vehicle registration DE, RSL

About this sound Dessau-Roßlau  is an independent city (kreisfreie Stadt) and urban district in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt. It is situated at the confluence of the rivers Elbe and Mulde. The town was formed by merger of the independent city of Dessau with the town of Roßlau in the course of the "Kreisreform Sachsen-Anhalt" (Sachsen-Ahalt Regional Boundary Reforms) on 1 July 2007. The reform involved a reduction in the number of rural districts in Sachsen-Anhalt to 11 (from 21) and reflected an expected continuation of the significant population decline being experienced.

Dessau-Roßlau is the third largest town of Saxony-Anhalt by population, after Magdeburg and Halle.


Dessau is the largest population centre within Dessau-Roßlau, with approximately 77,000 inhabitants (2006). Most of the town is located on the left bank of the Mulde, south of its confluence with the Elbe. Dessau was first mentioned in 1213, and became the capital of a small state (Anhalt-Dessau) in the 14th century. Between 1863 and 1918, it was the capital of Anhalt. Since the second half of the 19th century, Dessau is an industrial city. With the famous art and architecture school Bauhaus, located in Dessau between 1925 and 1932, and the Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm the city features two UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The city could be cited as the one of the birthplaces of the "jet age" because the Junkers factory that designed the Jumo 004 jet engine for the German Me-262 jet fighter was designed there. Because the western shore of the Elbe-Mulde rivers was the stopping point for US troops in WW II, the US capture of the city allowed the US Army to evacuate the Junkers people to the West before the Russians took over occupation of the area on July 1, 1945. A number of principals of the jet engine development team at Junkers ended up at the Lycoming engine plant in Stratford, Conn. building gas turbine engines for the US Army from 1952 on.


Roßlau has approximately 13,000 inhabitants (2006). It is located on the right bank of the Elbe, near its confluence with the Mulde, about 7 kilometers north of the centre of Dessau. Roßlau was first mentioned in 1215. Before it merged with Dessau, it was part of the district Anhalt-Zerbst.


Seats in the municipal assembly (Stadtrat) as of 2007 elections:

and the Lord Mayor

International relations[edit]

Dessau-Roßlau is twinned with:


External links[edit]