Roudnice nad Labem

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Coordinates: 50°25′25″N 14°15′14″E / 50.42361°N 14.25389°E / 50.42361; 14.25389
Roudnice nad Labem
Town
Roudnice nl Kostel Narozeni Panny Marie z mesta.jpg
Church of the Nativity of Virgin Mary
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Ústí nad Labem
District Litoměřice
Commune Roudnice nad Labem
River Elbe
Elevation 195 m (640 ft)
Coordinates 50°25′25″N 14°15′14″E / 50.42361°N 14.25389°E / 50.42361; 14.25389
Area 16.67 km2 (6.44 sq mi)
Population 13,263 (2006-07-03)
Density 796 / km2 (2,062 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1167
Mayor Vladimír Urban
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 413 01
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Roudnice nad Labem
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.roudnicenl.cz

Roudnice nad Labem (Czech pronunciation: [ˈrou̯dɲɪtsɛ ˈnad labɛm]; German: Raudnitz an der Elbe) is a small town on left bank of the Elbe River (Czech: Labe). It has about 13 500 inhabitants and covers an area of 16,67 km². The town is situated near the famous hill Říp, which is well known for its legendary connection with Praotec Čech.

A steel road bridge from early 20th century spans the Elbe in Roudnice nad Labem. Its medieval predecessor was the third oldest bridge made of stone in Bohemia (after Prague and Písek) and the first bridge to connect both banks of the river. The dominant of Roudnice nad Labem is its castle of late Romanesque origin, nowadays in Baroque architectural style.

The city has very good civic amenities. There are post office, hospital with policlinic, several shopping centres, schools, pharmacy, public and municipal library, cinema, swimming pool, ice hockey stadium, football stadium and athletic stadium. The Roudnice airport is located near south western border of city and very well known air show the Memorial Air Show is held here every second year.

History[edit]

Roudnice nad Labem has very long and rich history. Roudnice nad Labem is one of the oldest Czech towns, the original name Rúdnik / Rúdnica was given to it because of the red colored water spring in this area. The first written memories are dated to years 1167 and 1176, but first signs of settlement are from the prehistoric ages.

Roudnice nad Labem got statute of city from about end of the 12th century. In same period a stone Romanesque castle was built, which was the second private building made of stone in Bohemia. In 1333, bishop Jan IV. from Dražice build the third oldest stone bridge in Bohemia, which was also the first bridge made of stone over the river Labe. At the end of 14th century, there was built New City of Roudnice nad Labem (today Jan from Dražice square and Husovo square) and with Old City of Roudnice nad Labem surrounded by walls. In the 15th century, during the Hussite wars, the city was the target of several Hussite raids. The city was conquered in 1421 by Jan Žižka, in 1425 by Jan Roháč from Dubá and in 1428 by Václav Carda from Petrovice. After the Hussite wars, the city was sold several times, and finally, in 1603 the city of Roudnice nad Labem was sold to Zdeněk Václav Popel from Lobkowicz. During his rule, the city was rebuilt and extended. During the Thirty Years' War, the city of Roudnice nad Labem was burned down and demolished by the Swedish army in 1634 and 1639.

In 19th century, Roudnice nad Labem become industrial and economical centre of Podřipský region because of several new factories were built and also there was frequented railway from Prague to Dresden. Until 1918, ROUDNICE - RAUDNITZ was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), in the district of the same name, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[1] A post-office was opened in September 1850, named RAUDNITZ.[2] In 1910, the old stone bridge was rebuilt into new steel road bridge.

Castle in Roudnice nad Labem[edit]

The castle was built by bishop Jindřich Břetislav, nephew of Czech king Vladislav I. The castle was built with aim to protect water route on river Elbe and important trade route from Prague to the Upper Lusatia. Former castle had rectangular shape with sides 39 meters and 15 meters and had several defensive bastions. Walls were 2 meters wide and had watch towers in each corner. Building complex included several farm buildings and this building complex was protected by wall with fortified gate. During medieval ages the castle was rebuilt in Gothic style, mostly by bishop Jan from Dražice and bishop Arnošt from Pardubice, who decided to build massive watch tower next to the castle. This rebuilding was finished in 1380. Castle in Roudnice nad Labem was residential castle of most of the Prague bishops.

In 1421 the Catholic Church gave as a pledge to Jan Smiřický and after that sold him the castle. After that, the castle was never again in property of the Catholic Church. Jan Smiřický started to rebuild the castle again and added more agricultural building. In 1467 the castle was conquered by Jiří z Poděbrad army and Jan Smiřický lost the castle from his property. Next owner, Vilém from Rožumberk renovated the castle and after his dead, his former wife, Polyxena from Pernštejn, married with Vojtěch Popel from Lobkowicz in 1603 and the castle become in property of Lobkowicz noble house. In the middle of the 16th century, new renaissance residential building was added and whole complex become uncongenial. Václav Eusebius from Lobkowicz decided in 1652 to rebuild the castle into early-baroque palace.

Palace in Roudnice nad Labem[edit]

This early-baroque palace is owned by Czech noble house of Lobkowicz and was built from 1652 to 1684 instead of the original castle. Palace in the Roudnice nad Labem is three wings building with U shape. Free space between wings is closed by main gate and watch tower with lantern on the top. Inner space of palace courtyard has rectangular shape with sides 58,5 and 54 meters.

In 1948, the palace was confiscated because communist rule and was used by Czechoslovak people´s army for Military conservatory of Vít Nejedlý. After 1989 Lobkowicz family got the palace back in restitution and rented him Military conservatory of Vít Nejedlý again up to 2008. In 2009 the palace passed through big renovation and in 2012 the palace was opened to public.

People[edit]

Education[edit]

Primary schools[edit]

  • Karel Jeřábek Primary school[3]
  • Primary school Jungmannova[4]
  • Primary school Školní[5]

High schools (Secondary schools)[edit]

  • Podřipská private vocational school and training center[6]
  • Grammar school (Gymnasium)[7]
  • Vocational school and training center
  • College and vocational school[8]
  • Commercial Academy and vocational school EKONOM[9]

College[edit]

  • College and vocational school[10]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
  2. ^ Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin MUELLER, 1961.
  3. ^ "Základní škola Karla Jeřábka v Roudnici nad Labem". Zskjerabka-rce.cz. Retrieved April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Úvodní stránka - 2. ZŠ Jungmannova (Roudnice nad Labem)". 2zsroudnice.cz. Retrieved April 2013. 
  5. ^ David Mikoláš. "Základní škola a mateřská škola Roudnice nad Labem, Školní 1803". Zsskolni-rce.cz. Retrieved April 2013. 
  6. ^ Richard Červený. "Podřipská škola | Hlavní strana". Podripskaskola.cz. Retrieved April 2013. 
  7. ^ "Základní informace - Gymnázium Roudnice nad Labem". Gym-rce.cz. 2013-04-14. Retrieved April 2013. 
  8. ^ Voš A Soš. "VOŠ a SOŠ Roudnice nad Labem - Domů". Vosasos.cz. Retrieved April 2013. 
  9. ^ WDT s.r.o. (31 March 2013). "Vyšší odborná škola, Obchodní akademie a Střední odborná škola, EKONOM, o.p.s". Skolaekonom.cz. Retrieved April 2013. 
  10. ^ Voš A Soš. "VOŠ a SOŠ Roudnice nad Labem - Domů". Vosasos.cz. Retrieved April 2013. 

External links[edit]