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Brownea grandiceps Lemaire 1850
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Detarioideae
Burmeist. 1837[1]
Type genus
Clades and genera

See text.

Detarieae distribution.svg
Distribution of the subfamily Detarioideae.
  • Amherstieae Benth.
  • Detariaceae J. Hess
  • Detarieae DC.
  • Tamarindaceae Martinov

The subfamily Detarioideae is one of the subdivisions of the plant family Fabaceae (legumes). This subfamily includes many tropical trees, some of which are used for timber or have ecological importance. The subfamily consists of 84 genera, most of which are native to Africa. Pride of Burma (Amherstia nobilis) and tamarind (Tamarindus indica) are two of the most notable species in Detarioideae. It has the following clade-based definition:

The most inclusive crown clade containing Goniorrhachis marginata Taub. and Aphanocalyx cynometroides Oliv., but not Cercis canadensis L., Duparquetia orchidacea Baill., or Bobgunnia fistuloides (Harms) J. H. Kirkbr. & Wiersema.[1]


Detarioideae comprises the following genera:[1]

Amherstieae clade[edit]

Resin-producing Detarieae clade[edit]



Detarioideae exhibits the following phylogenetic relationships:[5][6][7][8][9]


Cercideae clade (outgroup)


Barnebydendron, Goniorrachis


resin-producing Detarieae clade

Prioria clade

Brandzeia, Daniella

Detarieae sensu stricto clade

Amherstieae clade

Saraca clade

Afzelia clade


Dicymbe, Polystemonanthus

Crudia, Hymenostegia pro parte, Neochevalierodendron, Plagiosiphon, Scorodophloeus




Cynometra, Maniltoa

Hymenostegia pro parte, Leonardoxa, Loesenera, Talbotiella


Cryptosepalum, Paramacrolobium

Brownea clade[10][11]

Berlinia clade


  1. ^ a b c The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG). (2017). "A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny". Taxon. 66 (1): 44–77. doi:10.12705/661.3. 
  2. ^ Mackinder BA, Wieringa JJ (2013). "Annea gen. nov. (Detarieae, Caesalpinioideae, Leguminosae), a home for two species long misplaced in Hymenostegia sensu lato". Phytotaxa. 142 (1): 1–14. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.142.1.1. 
  3. ^ Wieringa JJ, Mackinder BA, Van Proosdij ASJ (2013). "Gabonius gen. nov.(Leguminosae, Caesalpinioideae, Detarieae), a distant cousin of Hymenostegia endemic to Gabon". Phytotaxa. 142 (1): 15–24. 
  4. ^ Breteler FJ (2008). "Anthonotha and Isomacrolobium (Leguminosae, Caesalpinioideae): Two distinct genera". Systematics and Geography of Plants. 78 (2): 137–144. JSTOR 20649759. 
  5. ^ Bruneau A, Forest F, Herendeen PS, Klitgaard BB, Lewis GP (2001). "Phylogenetic relationships in the Caesalpinioideae (Leguminosae) as inferred from chloroplast trnL intron sequences". Syst Bot. 26 (3): 487–514. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-26.3.487. 
  6. ^ Bruneau A, Mercure M, Lewis GP, Herendeen PS (2008). "Phylogenetic patterns and diversification in the caesalpinioid legumes". Botany. 86 (7): 697–718. doi:10.1139/B08-058. 
  7. ^ Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wykd BE, Wojciechowskie MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S. Afr. J. Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001. 
  8. ^ de la Estrella M, Wieringa JJ, Mackinder B, van der Burgt X, Devesa JA, Bruneau A (2014). "Phylogenetic analysis of the African genus Gilbertiodendron J. Léonard and related genera (Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae-Detarieae)". International Journal of Plant Sciences. 175 (9): 975–985. doi:10.1086/677648. 
  9. ^ Mackinder BA, Saslis-Lagoudakis H, Wieringa JJ, Devey D, Forest F, Bruneau A (2013). "The tropical African legume Scorodophloeus clade includes two undescribed Hymenostegia segregate genera and Micklethwaitia, a rare, monospecific genus from Mozambique". S. Afr. J. Bot. 89: 156–163. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.07.002. 
  10. ^ Redden RM, Herendeen PS (2006). "Morphology and Phylogenetic Analysis of Paloue and Related Genera in the Brownea Clade (Detarieae, Caesalpinioideae)". 167. 6: 1229–1246. doi:10.1086/508065. 
  11. ^ Redden KM, Herendeen PS, Wurdack KJ, Bruneau A (2010). "Phylogenetic Relationships of the Northeastern South American Brownea Clade of Tribe Detarieae (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae) Based on Morphology and Molecular Data". Syst Bot. 35 (3): 524–533. doi:10.1600/036364410792495863.