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Anjan tree 2.jpg
New leaves of an Anjan tree at Chinawal, India
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Detarieae
Genus: Hardwickia

Hardwickia is a monotypic genus of flowering plant in the subfamily Caesalpinioideae of the legumes. The only species is the Anjan, Hardwickia binata Roxb., an Indian tree that grows some 25 to 30 m high.[1][2]


The mopane tree of Africa, also monotypic in its genus, is believed to be its nearest relative, and Breteler et al. (1997) proposed that genus Colophospermum be sunk under the genus Hardwickia. Smith et al. (1998) however argued for retention of the name Colophospermum,[3] and Léonard (1999) considered the presented evidence unconvincing.


  1. ^ "Hardwickia binata information from NPGS/GRIN". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) (U.S. Department of Agriculture). 
  2. ^ "Hardwickia binata - Species Information". The International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF). Archived from the original on 27 September 2012. Note: Archive not available until mid-2013.
  3. ^ Smith, P. P.; Timberlake, J. R.; Van Wyk, A. E. (1998). "Proposal to conserve the name Colophospermum against Hardwickia (Leguminosae, Caesalpinioideae)". Taxon (47): 751–752. 

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