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Guibourtia is a flowering plant genus in the family Fabaceae (legume family). It contains 16 species, native to tropical regions of Africa (13 species) and South America (3 species). They occur in swampy or periodically inundated forests, as well as near rivers or at lakeshores.
- Guibourtia arnoldiana (De Wild. & T.Durand) J.Léonard - Benge, Benzi, Bubinga, Essingang, Kevazingo, M'Penze, Mbenge, Mutenye, Olive Walnut, Ovang, Waka,
- Guibourtia carrissoana (M.A.Exell) J.Léonard - African Rosewood
- Guibourtia coleosperma (Benth.) J.Léonard - African Rosewood, False Mopane, Rhodesian Copalwood
- Guibourtia conjugata (Bolle) J.Léonard
- Guibourtia copallifera Benn.
- Guibourtia demeusei (Harms) J.Léonard - African Rosewood, Akume, Bubinga, Ebana, Essingang, Kevazingo, Kewazingo, Okweni, Ovang, Waka
- Guibourtia dinklagei (Harms) J.Léonard
- Guibourtia ehie (A.Chev.) J.Léonard - Amazakoue, Amazoué, Anokye, Black Hyedua, Ehie, Hyedua, Hyeduanini, Ovangkol, Shedua
- Guibourtia leonensis J.Léonard
- Guibourtia pellegriniana J.Léonard - Akume, Bubinga, Essingang, Kevazingo, Kevazingu, Ovang, Waka
- Guibourtia schliebenii (Harms) J.Léonard
- Guibourtia sousae J.Léonard
- Guibourtia tessmannii (Harms) J.Léonard - Akume, Bindinga, Bubinga, Essingang, Kevazingo, Ovang, Waka
- South America
- Guibourtia chodatiana (Hassl.) J.Léonard (sometimes included in G. hymenaefolia)
- Guibourtia confertiflora (Benth.) J.Léonard
- Guibourtia hymenaefolia (Moric.) J.Léonard
The wood is often used by luthiers for harps and other instruments, such as bass guitars, because of its mellow and well-rounded sound. Warwick Bass and Ibanez are known to use Bubinga and Ovangkol. It has been used in drum shells as well. Drum companies such as Tama offer various high-end drum kits with plies of Bubinga in the shells.[not in citation given] Crafter also use bubinga on some of their instruments. Bubinga is also used in both acoustic and electric guitars for its figure and hardness.
Steinway and Sons offers a piano encased in Kewazinga Bubinga, a large West African timber similar to rosewood.
Bubinga is also used in high-end furniture, especially by contemporary Arts and Crafts artists as well on high-end manual woodworking tools such as the front knobs and rear handles of smooth planes. Bubinga comes in various grain patterns, with rare patterns bringing top dollar.
European knife makers sometimes use terms Bubinga and African Rosewood interchangeably when referring to Guibourtia demeusei, which their knife handles are sometimes made of.
Bubinga is also used in the manufacture of a medium-end tobacco pipe marketed by Raw Papers. The pipe is made in China and is sold as a hand-carved item.
- International Legume Database & Information Service: Guibourtia Archived 2009-05-04 at the Wayback Machine.
- Translated from the German Wikipedia article Guibourtia
- "Guibourtia chodatiana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 29 December 2017.
- "Crafter M-85E/AM Mandolin w/bag, Bubinga top, South Europe". Craftereurope.com. 2007-12-05. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
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