Donald Stovel Macdonald
Donald Stovel Macdonald
|26th Minister of Finance|
September 26, 1975 – September 16, 1977
|Prime Minister||Pierre Trudeau|
|Preceded by||Bud Drury (acting)|
|Succeeded by||Jean Chretien|
|Canadian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom|
|Prime Minister||Brian Mulroney|
|Preceded by||Roy McMurtry|
|Succeeded by||Fredrik S. Eaton|
|Member of Parliament|
June 18, 1962 – January 3, 1978
|Preceded by||David James Walker|
|Succeeded by||David Crombie|
March 1, 1932|
|Spouse(s)||Ruth Merchant, Adrian Macdonald|
|Children||Leigh Macdonald, Niki Macdonald, Althea Macdonald, Sonja Macdonald|
|Profession||Lawyer, McMillan LLP|
Donald Stovel Macdonald, PC CC (born March 1, 1932) is a Canadian retired lawyer, politician and diplomat. Macdonald was a long-time Liberal Member of Parliament and Cabinet minister. In the early 1980s he headed a royal commission that recommend Canada enter a free trade agreement with the United States.
Early life and education
Macdonald was born in Ottawa, Ontario. He graduated from the University of Trinity College in the University of Toronto in 1952. He attended Harvard Law School (LLM), as well as the University of Cambridge in England (Diploma in International Law).
He was first elected to the House of Commons of Canada in the 1962 election as the Liberal Member of Parliament for Rosedale riding in Toronto. In 1967, he was the parliamentary secretary of Paul Martin, Secretary of State for External Affairs. He joined the Cabinet of Pierre Trudeau in 1968 and served successively as President of the Privy Council, Minister of National Defence, Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources and Minister of Finance. As Finance Minister, Macdonald introduced wage and price controls in an attempt to control inflation.
Macdonald resigned from Cabinet in 1977 to return to his law practice. When Pierre Trudeau announced his resignation as leader of the Liberal Party of Canada following his defeat in the 1979 election, Macdonald would have declared his candidacy for the position. However, with the unexpected defeat of Joe Clark's Progressive Conservative government on a motion of no confidence, the Liberals asked Trudeau to lead them into the 1980 election and cancelled the leadership campaign. Macdonald was not a candidate for the party leadership when Trudeau resigned again in 1984.
In 1982, Prime Minister Trudeau appointed Macdonald as chairman of a Royal Commission on the Economic Union and Development Prospects for Canada (the Macdonald Commission). The report was released in September 1985 and recommended, among other things, that Canada enter into a free trade agreement with the United States. Progressive Conservative Brian Mulroney was Prime Minister by this time. He accepted the recommendation and pursued what became the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement.
Macdonald was appointed High Commissioner of Canada to the United Kingdom in 1988. He held that position until 1991, when he returned to his law practice in Toronto. He is also a former member of the Steering Committee of the Bilderberg Group.
Honours and awards
In 1994, Macdonald was made a Companion of the Order of Canada. He holds honorary degrees from the Colorado School of Mines, the University of New Brunswick, the University of Carleton, and the University of Toronto (Doctor of Sacred Letters, Trinity College, University of Toronto).
Macdonald married Ruth Hutchison (dec.) in 1961, and their daughters are Leigh, Nikki, Althea, and Sonja. He subsequently married Adrian Merchant Lang in 1988. From her prior marriage to Otto Lang, she had seven children: Maria (dec.), Timothy, Gregory, Andrew, Elisabeth, Adrian, and Amanda Lang. They have fifteen grandchildren.
|Canadian federal election, 1972: Rosedale|
|Liberal||Donald S. Macdonald||16,073||44.02|
|Progressive Conservative||Warren Beamish||14,856||40.69|
|New Democratic||Ron Sabourin||4,598||12.59|
|N/A (Marxist-Leninist)||David Starbuck||95||0.26|
|Total valid votes||36,514||100.00|
|Total rejected ballots||612|
|Electors on the lists||50,169|
|Source: Official Voting Results, Office of the Chief Electoral Officer (Canada), 1972.|
|20th Ministry – First cabinet of Pierre Trudeau|
|Cabinet posts (5)|
|Charles Drury (acting)||Minister of Finance
|Joe Greene||Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources
|Charles Drury (acting)||Minister of National Defence
|Allan MacEachen (acting)||President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada
July 6, 1968 – September 23, 1970
|'||Minister Without Portfolio
April 20, 1968 – July 5, 1968
|Special Parliamentary Responsibilities|
|Allan MacEachen||Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
September 12, 1968 – September 23, 1970
| Canadian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom
Fredrik Stefan Eaton