Doug E. Fresh
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|Doug E. Fresh|
Doug E. Fresh performing in Brooklyn in 2010
September 17, 1966|
|Origin||Harlem, Manhattan, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|Occupation(s)||Beatboxer, rapper, record producer|
|Associated acts||Slick Rick, Vicious, MC Hammer, Teddy Riley|
Douglas Davis, better known by his stage name Doug E. Fresh (born on September 17, 1966), is a Barbadian-American rapper, record producer, and beatboxer, also known as the Human Beat Box. The pioneer of 20th-century American beatboxing, Fresh is able to accurately imitate drum machines and various special effects using only his mouth, lips, gums, throat, tongue and a microphone.
Although he began his recording career as a solo artist as one of the last artists on Enjoy Records and one of the first on Vintertainment Records (the same New York-based label owned by Vincent Davis that would later make a name of Hip-Hop artist Joeski Love and bring R&B singer Keith Sweat to ultimate fame), it was when he and a new team of DJs known as the Get Fresh Crew (Barry Bee and Chill Will) along with a newcomer named MC Ricky D (who would later achieve fame as Slick Rick) came to fledgling New Jersey-based Hip-Hop label Danya/Reality Records the following year and recorded "The Show" (which borrowed the melody of the Inspector Gadget theme by Shuki Levy), and "La Di Da Di", a tune that was completely voiced by MC Ricky D and backed by Doug E's beat boxing for the entire duration of the song. It was when both of these songs were released on a single (particularly 12" single) that broke him (and Slick Rick) into stardom. Both "The Show" and "La-Di-Da-Di" are considered two of the all-time greatest early hip hop classics and, as such, make up one of the first and only Hip-Hop singles to have two hit songs on the same record.
Doug E. Fresh was also interviewed in the 1986 cult documentary Big Fun In The Big Town. Unfortunately, Slick Rick would leave the group almost a year after the single was released leaving many wondering what happened to him until 1988 when he became a Def Jam artist and released his debut album, The Great Adventures of Slick Rick. Doug E. Fresh and the Get Fresh Crew soldiered on, now officially signed to Danya/Reality/Fantasy and releasing two albums from that period—Oh, My God! from 1986 (which includes the hit song "All The Way To Heaven") and The World's Greatest Entertainer from 1988—both of which are now long out of print and extremely rare. The main single from the album The World's Greatest Entertainer was "Keep Risin' To The Top" which was named after Keni Burke's then-obscure 1981 hit "Rising To The Top", which, thanks to being sampled in Doug E. Fresh's song, has become Keni's signature tune. Doug E.'s "Keep Risin' To The Top" also samples the main chorus phrase of Heatwave's 1976 classic "Ain't No Half Steppin'," which Big Daddy Kane also sampled that same year for his song of the same name.
In 1992, after a four-year hiatus, Doug E. Fresh joined with MC Hammer's label, Bust It Records and issued one album, Doin' What I Gotta Do, which (despite some minor acclaim for his single "Bustin' Out (On Funk)" which sampled the Rick James 1979 single "Bustin' Out") was a commercial failure.
In 1993, Doug E. Fresh found a new home at Island Records-affiliated label Gee Street. At the time, he managed only to release one single that contained three songs—"I-ight (Alright)," which was the main song; "Bounce"; and "Freaks". Although "I-ight" (which originated the now-famous club chant "Heyyyyyy, YO!... I-iiiiight?") was slated to become the first major hit for Doug in 5 years, it was almost immediately overshadowed by "Freaks", a Dancehall tune beat-boxed entirely by Doug E. and vocalized mainly by his protégé, a Brooklyn-born Jamaican teenage newcomer named Vicious. The song received major radio and club play, followed by video play when the video was finally produced a few months into 1994. The latter would soon ink a deal with Sony Music's Epic Records for three years, although he would only release one album, Destination Brooklyn.
In 1995, Slick Rick and Fresh reunited for a track on an album titled Play, which found Fresh back on his feet. The album received positive reviews; Bret Love wrote, "A welcome flashback to the days when guns, drugs, sex, and violence were not the genre's primary lyrical focus." Off the Play album also was a track title "Freak It Out" which featured Uncle Luke produced by platinum producer Frankie Cutlass and was also on the Don't Be a Menace to South Central While Drinking Your Juice in the Hood soundtrack, and was certified a Gold Album by RIAA.
2010 saw Fresh make a small comeback in popular culture as rap group Cali Swag District brought back some of his trademark dance moves with their song "Teach Me How to Dougie." Members of Cali Swag District saw Texas college students doing a local dance created in Dallas called the D-Town Boogie. They recognized it as a modified version of Fresh's dance moves and decided to create a song that would feature the dance, but also give Fresh his due credit.
On June 27, 2010, Fresh came out and performed with Cali Swag District while they were performing their song "Teach Me How to Dougie" at the BET Awards Pre-show. He also performed at the Paradise Theater on August 12, 2010. The concert was titled The Show, brought to you by David L David (Spinback Entertainment).
On December 10, 2010, Fresh appeared on ESPN First Take to speak about the phenomenon of the Dougie as a sports celebration. As part of the show he, Lomas Brown, and Skip Bayless voted on the best sports related Dougie's. The Dougie performed by Bayless himself on ESPN First Take was voted by Fresh as the best, although he rated Wolf Blitzer's Dougie at the Soul Train Awards the best but it had no sports association.
On October 28, 2011 Fresh performed at the Paradise Theater for a concert to benefit New York City's public hospitals; the show was part of "STAT! for NYC's Public Hospitals" to raise funds to reduce gun violence in New York City. STAT! was produced by The Fund for HHC, the philanthropic arm of the New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation - the agency that runs the public hospital system in the City.
On July 9, 2012, Fresh served as a celebrity judge on the Apollo Live TV show.
On May 25, 2013, Fresh debuted the classic hip-hop and r&b show called "The Show" on 107.5 WBLS 9-11PM Saturday nights 'til ending the broadcast on December 31, 2016.
Fresh is a member of the Church of Scientology. He has performed for large audiences of its adherents at the Scientology Celebrity Center's Anniversary Gala in 2004. He also performed two tracks on the Scientology music album The Joy of Creating (other artists appearing include Isaac Hayes, Chick Corea, Edgar Winter, and Carl Anderson).
Fresh is the spokesperson for the Hip Hop Public Health Education Center at Harlem Hospital Center, in New York City.
In April 2007, a storefront for Doug E.'s Chicken and Waffles appeared at the corner of 132nd Street and Adam Clayton Powell Boulevard in Harlem. Work continued on the location for over three years until the eatery finally opened its doors in November 2010. The location has since closed permanently, although the storefront remains in place. He also has stated he has a club called Fresh.
Doug has six sons and manages his sons Trips’ and Slim’s hip hop group Square Off. Dayquan "Slim" Davis and his brother, Solomon "Trips" Davis released their debut CD "Money, Moet & Memories " in June 2011. The digital-only release was orchestrated completely by the brothers with little assistance from Doug. "When he is involved in something, that's us coming to him...mainly everything we do is our concepts, our own direction," Slim said to the NY Daily News.
- Oh, My God! (Doug E. Fresh album) (1986, Reality/Danya/Fantasy) (with the Get Fresh Crew)
- The World's Greatest Entertainer (1988, Reality/Danya/Fantasy) (with the Get Fresh Crew)
- Doin' What I Gotta Do (1992, Bust It/Capitol/EMI) (with the New Get Fresh Crew)
- Play (1995, Gee Street/Island/PolyGram)
- "Just Having Fun (Do the Beatbox)" [1984, Enjoy]
- "The Original Human Beatbox" [1984, Vintertainment] (credited as Dougy Fresh)
- "The Show" (with the Get Fresh Crew & M.C. Ricky D)/"La Di Da Di" (with M.C. Ricky D) [1985, Reality/Danya/Fantasy] - Platinum
- "All The Way To Heaven" (with The Get Fresh Crew) [1986, Reality/Danya/Fantasy]
- "Lovin' Every Minute Of It (Cyclone Ride)" [1986, Reality/Danya/Fantasy]
- "Keep Risin' To The Top"/"Guess Who?" (with The Get Fresh Crew) [1988, Reality/Danya/Fantasy]
- "Spirit" (1989, MCA) (with the Get Fresh Crew)
- "Summertime" [1989, Reality/Fantasy] (with the Get Fresh Crew)
- "Bustin' Out" [1992, Bust It/Capitol/EMI] (with the New Get Fresh Crew)
- "I-ight (Alright)" / "Freaks" (featuring Lil' Vicious) (1993, Gee Street Independent/4th & B'way/Island)
- "Superstition" [1997, Hollywood] (with the Get Fresh Crew)
- "We Not Giving Up" (2005, The Xtatik Experience) (featuring Doug E Fresh and Machel Montano)
- "You"ll Never Know (2005, E-Z Rollers) (featuring Doug E. Fresh & Sharon Brown)
- "Rhyme & Punishment (2005, E-Z Rollers) (featuring Doug E. Fresh) [Distorted Minds Remix]
- "Rhyme & Punishment (2005, E-Z Rollers) (featuring Doug E. Fresh)
- "Virgo" (2005) (with Ludacris and Nas)
- "Left-Right" (2007, Entertaining Music) (featuring Square Off)
- "Ready" (2017) (with Bell Biv DeVoe)
- Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. p. 256. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
- Blow Your Mind Wide Open, Charles Mudede, The Stranger, August 28, 2003.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 215. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- Bret Love. "Play - Doug E. Fresh | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-07-17.
- "Blake Lewis & Doug E. Fresh on American Idol Season 6 Finale". YouTube. 2007-05-26. Retrieved 2014-07-17.
- "Scientology Celebrity Centre International". Scientology.cc. Retrieved 2014-07-17.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-09-29. Retrieved 2007-06-18.
- Reid, Shaheem (2010-07-08). "Doug E. Fresh Talks 'Teach Me How To Dougie,' Pharrell Collabo - Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
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