Downtown Fort William, Ontario
|Downtown Fort William|
|Cuthbertson Block built 1908
|Location in Thunder Bay|
Downtown Fort William, also known as Downtown Thunder Bay South or the South Core, is the urban core of the former city of Fort William, the southern half of Thunder Bay, Ontario. It is centred on Victoriaville Civic Centre, an indoor shopping mall and civic centre built as part of an urban renewal project in the 1980s. It is separated from the Kaministiquia River by the Canadian Pacific Railway line, and its topography is relatively flat.
Downtown Fort William is the location of Thunder Bay City Hall, and numerous other government offices.
Downtown Fort William is one of the three nodes around which urban growth began in the Lakehead area. In 1883 the Canadian government transferred responsibility for the Transcontinental railway to the private Canadian Pacific Railway, which subsequently relocated the Lake Superior terminus from the Fort William Town Plot (West Fort William) to the lower Kaministiquia River, seven kilometres downstream from Westfort. Growth began at the intersection of Victoria Avenue and Simpson Street, because the McVicar family had negotiated an agreement with the CPR to place the railway station on the McVicar patent, and because the CPR had erected its second and third Thunder Bay grain elevators (CPR Elevators A & B) at the foot of Victoria Avenue in 1884/85 and 1888. In 1891 the Municipality of Neebing acquired land from the McKellar family and began construction of a town hall on Donald Street  which, when Fort William was incorporated in 1892, became the town hall of Fort William. and due to Port Arthur's lack of a city hall, became the location of Thunder Bay City Hall after the amalgamation of the two cities in 1970.
The downtown area has a population of approximately 1,000 and a median age of approximately 47 years. The south core has a larger aboriginal population than much of the rest of the city, and the lowest average income in Thunder Bay. The south core is the location of several apartment buildings aimed to low income individuals and seniors. It also has a relatively large homeless contingent and is the location of the Rotary Shelter House. The John Howard Society, an organization dedicated to assist people who have come into conflict with the law, is located in the old YMCA building.
Crime is recognized to be a problem in the south core, especially near the Brodie Street bus terminal. Thunder Bay Police operates the McKellar Neighbourhood Policing Office across the street from the bus terminal and has cruisers drive by on a regular basis.
Neither of Thunder Bay's downtown cores overshadowed the other, and both are today less important economically than the Intercity area. However, the South Core continues to be an employment centre. Several thousand people work in the core every day. The largest employers in the area include the city government of Thunder Bay, the StarTek Call Centre, and various businesses in the Victoriaville Civic Centre. The core is home to branches of four of Canada's five major banks, and several credit unions.
Several industrial businesses are located in the neighbourhood, primarily on the eastern side of the neighbourhood, and the Canadian Pacific Train Station is located in the southernmost part of the neighbourhood.
Arts and culture
Downtown Fort William is the location of many cultural institutions. The Thunder Bay Historical Museum occupies the renovated Fort William police station on Donald Street, one of the core's many historical landmarks. It is operated by the century-old Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society and has three floors of galleries, including a jail cell and recreation of a Fort William street from the early 20th century. Also located off Donald Street is the Brodie Street Art Gallery, which showcases local artists and offers watercolour lessons by local painter Peter Humeniuk.
The CBC's Thunder Bay studio is located on Miles Street on the former site of St Joseph's Convent. facing the former St Stanislaus school. It is the broadcasting centre for CBQ and CBQT. A webcam is mounted on top of its broadcasting antenna, and looks out over the Simpson-Ogden neighbourhood.
Places of worship
Several churches are located in the core, the most prominent being St. Andrews Presbyterian Church, located at the corner of Brodie and Donald Streets. A city-designated heritage property, it was designed in 1909 by Stinson and Hood architects in the Gothic Revival style. It features a covered entrance supported by granite columns with floral capitals, a unique feature in Thunder Bay, and its bell tower dominates the area's skyline. St Patrick's Cathedral, the episcopal seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Thunder Bay, was built in 1963 at the corner of Donald and Archibald streets. Other prominent churches include St. Paul's Anglican Church at the corner of Ridgeway and Archibald, St. Andrew's Church, and Wesley United Church at the corner of Brodie and Miles streets, across from the Brodie Street bus terminal and Paterson Park.
Sports and recreation
The Northwestern Ontario Sports Hall of Fame is located in the south core on May Street, beside city hall. The Fort William Gardens is located at the corner of Vickers and Miles streets, and is a 4,700 seat arena.
There are many parks and parkettes in the south core, the most notable is Paterson Park, located on the former site of the Fort William Central School on May Street between Miles and Leith streets. The park was named after Norman M. Paterson, a Senator and founder of Paterson GlobalFoods. The park features a fountain and benches on an artificial hill. Located along the Kaministiquia River is the Kaministiquia River Heritage Park, which features a Via Rail train display, a restored Tugboat, a boardwalk, and a stainless steel sculpture titled "Animikie", which is Ojibwe for "thunder bird".
Many schools were located in the downtown area, but as the population aged and the number of families decreased, most were closed. The only school operating in the core today is McKellar Park Central School, which has classes from Kindergarten to grade 8 and was ranked by the Frasier Institute as the worst in Thunder Bay in 2008. St. Stanislaus School was a Catholic school located at the corner of Miles and North streets. It is now an office building. Fort William Central School (built 1895) was located at the corner of Miles and May streets, and was demolished in the late 1950s for Paterson Park. Fort William Collegiate Institute was a secondary school located just south of the core which closed in 2005. Plans are underway to convert the building to residential uses. A branch of the Sylvan Learning Centre is located on Victoria Avenue.
The street layout in Downtown Fort William is based on a grid, which is interrupted at several points by Victoriaville Mall, Paterson Park and the former McKellar General Hospital. Thunder Bay Transit operates a bus terminal in the core. Routes that use the terminal include 1 Mainline, 2 Crosstown, 3 Memorial, 4 Neebing, 8 James, and 12 East End. During peak hours, bus frequency in the core is every 15 minutes.
Medical facilities in the core include St. Joseph's Care Group in Victoriaville Civic Centre, the Ridgeway Clinic, the Fort William Clinic, and the Spence Clinic. The Mayo Clinic has an office in Spence Clinic where local residents can receive information about the Mayo Clinic and schedule appointments.
Built in 1928 as the Royal Edward Hotel, the eight-storey Royal Edward Arms is the oldest "highrise" in Fort William and was designed by Dorr & Dorr architects of Minneapolis. The upper reaches of the building is decorated with an Art Deco stylization of Gothic ornamentation. Today the building is used for low income housing, but during its heyday hosted many famous individuals, including Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.
Independent Living Resource Centre Thunder Bay at 130 South Brodie Street. ILRC Thunder Bay is located in the core of downtown Fort William. Originally built as a Holiday Inn hotel, today this building houses the ILRC, a non-profit organization that delivers programs and services to all persons with disabilities and the community, as well as several condominium units.
This building at the corner of Syndicate and Donald streets is home to the Thunder Bay Chamber of Commerce, among other businesses.
- Thunder Bay Street Tours - Cuthburtson Block Archived November 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Tronrud, Thorold J; Epp, Ernest A.; and others. (1995). Thunder Bay: From Rivalry to Unity Archived February 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society, pp 234. ISBN 0-920119-22-0.
- Fort William Journal 2 & 5 & 26 Sept 1891
- Tronrud, Thorold J; Epp, Ernest A.; and others. (1995). Thunder Bay: From Rivalry to Unity Archived February 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society, pp 57. ISBN 0-920119-22-0.
- Statistics Canada. Profile of Census Tract 5950006.00, Thunder Bay, Ontario. 2006 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 92-597-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 4, 2007. Retrieved March 1, 2008.
- Income statistics: Shopping in Thunder Bay Archived October 7, 2006, at the Wayback Machine., pp. 5. Retrieved March 1. 2008. Statistics Canada income data for 2006 will be released on May 1, 2008.
- Shelter House Thunder Bay.
- John Howard Society of Thunder Bay.
- Thunder Bay Police Service, Neighbourhood Policing Archived October 6, 2007, at the Wayback Machine..
- Major Employer List 2007 Archived August 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society
- Big Brush.com, website for the Brodie Street Art Gallery.
- History of the Thunder Bay Public Library Archived August 28, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- Blumenson, John J. G. (1990). Ontario Architecture: A Guide to Styles and Building Terms (1874–1984). Fitzhenry & Whiteside, pp. 46 ISBN 0-88902-872-9.
- St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church at Emporis.com
- St. Patrick's Cathedral
- Thunder Bay Walking Tours - St. Patrick's Cathedral Archived November 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- St. Paul's Anglican Church.
- Wesley United Church at Profile Canada
- Northwestern Ontario Sports Hall of Fame
- Fort William Gardens website Archived October 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Tronrud, Thorold J. & Nicholson, David (2005). Thunder Bay Quiz Book: 101 Fascinating Questions about our History Archived February 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society, pps. 13 (question) and 42 (answer) ISBN 0-920119-50-6.
- Kaministiquia River Heritage Park Website Archived October 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "School boards respond to Fraser Institute ranking[permanent dead link]", TBSource. (February 19, 2008) Retrieved on 2 March 2008.
- Thunder Bay Walking Tours - Saint Stanislaus School Archived November 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Public willing to buy into condo plan proposed for FWCI[permanent dead link]" TBSource. (January 15, 2008) Retrieved March 2, 2008.
- Sylvan Learning Centre Thunder Bay
- Thunder Bay Transit Route Map Archived October 6, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. [map], 2006. Retrieved on 17 June 2007.
- "St. Joseph's Health Centre Finally Opens[permanent dead link]", St. Joseph's Care Group. (November 30, 2007) Retrieved March 2, 2008.
- Ridgeway Clinic at Profile Canada
- Fort William Clinic at Profile Canada
- Spence Clinic at Profile Canada
- Mayo Clinic - Canadian Contact information Archived January 1, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Blumenson, John J. G. (1990). Ontario Architecture: A Guide to Styles and Building Terms (1874–1984). Fitzhenry & Whiteside, pp. 129 ISBN 0-88902-872-9.
- Ontario Architecture, Beaux Arts. Retrieved on March 1, 2008.
- Ontario Architecture, Art Deco. Retrieved on March 1, 2008.
- Blumenson, John J. G. (1990). Ontario Architecture: A Guide to Styles and Building Terms (1874–1984). Fitzhenry & Whiteside, pp. 196 ISBN 0-88902-872-9.
- Emporis.com, Royal Edward Arms, Thunder Bay. Retrieved March 1, 2008.
- Thunder Bay Street Tours - Royal Edward Arms Archived November 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Independent Living Resource Centre Thunder Bay. Retrieved March 1, 2008.
- Thunder Bay Street Tours - Roy Building Archived November 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Thunder Bay Chamber of Commerce Archived April 25, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., Contact page. Retrieved March 1, 2008.
- Thunder Bay Street Tours - Federal Building Archived November 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Tronrud, Thorold J. (1993). Guardians of Progress: Boosters and Boosterism in Thunder Bay, 1870–1914. Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society, ISBN 0-920119-16-6.
- Tronrud, Thorold J; Epp, Ernest A.; and others. (1995). Thunder Bay: From Rivalry to Unity. Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society, ISBN 0-920119-22-0.
- Piovesana, Roy. Hope & Charity: An Illustrated History of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Thunder Bay. Roman Catholic Diocese of Thunder Bay.