Dr Steevens' Hospital

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Dr Steevens' Hospital
Health Service Executive
Dr Steevens' Hospital.JPG
Dr Steevens' Hospital
Dr Steevens' Hospital is located in Central Dublin
Dr Steevens' Hospital
Shown in Dublin
Geography
LocationKilmainham, Dublin, Ireland
Coordinates53°20′43″N 6°17′32″W / 53.34528°N 6.29222°W / 53.34528; -6.29222Coordinates: 53°20′43″N 6°17′32″W / 53.34528°N 6.29222°W / 53.34528; -6.29222
Organisation
Care systemHSE
Hospital typeGeneral Hospital
History
Founded1720
Closed1987

Dr Steevens' Hospital (also called Dr Steevens's Hospital) (Irish: Ospidéal an Dr Steevens), one of Ireland's most distinguished eighteenth-century medical establishments, was located at Kilmainham in Dublin Ireland. It was founded under the terms of the will of Dr Richard Steevens, an eminent physician in Dublin. The seal of the hospital consisted of 'The Good Samaritan healing the wounds of the fallen traveller' with the motto beneath "Do Thou Likewise".[1]

History[edit]

Madame Grizell Steevens, who never married,[2] was left an income by her brother Dr Richard Steevens (1653-1710), an eminent physician in Dublin. The income was from an estate in County Westmeath and King's County which gave her £600 per annum for her life. Dr Steevens' will had stated that the money was to be used to found a hospital after her death. She, however, decided to accelerate the process such that it happened during her life, and founded Dr Steevens' Hospital in 1720. One condition that she attached to her donation was that she should be allowed to live there, which she did for the rest of her life.[3] The hospital was designed by Thomas Burgh[4] and was built around a quaint old courtyard, with its arches forming a sort of cloister all around, and with peculiar attic windows that cut across the intersection of the roofs at each corner.[5]

She was often to be seen walking the grounds closely veiled, which led to speculation among the local Dublin populace, that she had a face like the snout of a pig, and that for shame she would not let it be seen. This unpleasant appearance was said to be the result of a curse consequent to a petulant and unfeeling remark made by her mother when pestered by the importunities of a beggar woman, with a baby at her breast, and a tribe of children at her heels. Grizell said "Get away, you are like an old sow, with a litter of bonhams." The beggar retorted with the wish that the lady's next child might be like the animal to which she had been compared.[6] The hospital was for long known as "Madame Steevens' Hospital".[4]

Dr. Steevens' Hospital in 1780[7]

In 1732, Edward Worth, one of the most eminent Dublin physicians of his day, died and bequeathed to Steevens' Hospital £1,000 and his library, then valued at £5,000, together with £100 for fitting it up. The hospital built a specially designed room to house the Edward Worth Library, where it remains to this day under updated protective conditions.[8]

In 1803, in the run-up to Robert Emmet's rebellion, the victims of a powerful explosion at his ammunition depot in Patrick Street were brought to the hospital. They included Darby Byrne and one of the Keenans, who were blown up at the time of the explosion and died in the hospital afterwards.[9]

In 1857 the Dublin School of Medicine was transferred to Dr. Steevens' Hospital and renamed Steevens' Hospital Medical College.[10] The hospital closed in 1987[11] and subsequently became the administrative headquarters of the Health Service Executive.[12]

Records[edit]

The hospital records are preserved and contain many curious entries, among others one as to the daily diet of a patient. He was to get comething like two quarts of small beer with his meals! But of course before tea and coffee came into general use, beer was almost the only alternative to water.[13] In recognition of this tradition, in the last days of the hospital operating as a hospital, Messrs. Arthur Guinness (a neighbour) provided Guinness beer in 1/3 pint bottles for all the patients and staff.[14]

Notable physicians[edit]

Notable physicians included:

  • Sir Charles Cameron, appointed lecturer in chemistry and physics at the medical school in the hospital in 1857; subsequently became Chief Medical Officer for Dublin.[15]
  • Abraham Colles (1773-1843), appointed as physician to the hospital in 1799 and remained there for 42 years.[16]
  • Thomas Percy Claude Kirkpatrick (1869-1954), appointed assistant physician at the hospital; subsequently registrar of the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland.[17]
  • Sir Henry Marsh, appointed physician at the hospital in 1820.[18]
  • Dr. Thomas Proby (1661-1729), a native of Dublin, appointed physician at the time of the foundation of the hospital.[19]
  • Edward Worth was a governor of the hospital and left his library to it.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ D.A. Chart, The Story of Dublin (London, 1932), pp273
  2. ^ D.A. Chart, The Story of Dublin (London, 1932), p.275
  3. ^ King, S. C. (1785). A short history of Steevens' Hospital.
  4. ^ a b Craig, Maurice (2006) [1952]. Dublin 1660-1860. pp. 122–124. ISBN 1-905483-11-2.
  5. ^ D.A. Chart, The Story of Dublin (London, 1932), p.274
  6. ^ D.A. Chart, The Story of Dublin (London, 1932), pp263-4
  7. ^ DG18 Dr Steevens' Hospital. Dublin City Council. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
  8. ^ a b "The Edward Worth Library". Edwardworthlibrary.ie. 2015. Retrieved 2015-12-20. ...[T]he website of the Edward Worth Library (1733).
  9. ^ "The Rising of 1803 in Dublin". History Ireland. 2003. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  10. ^ Preston, Margaret (2004). "Charitable Words: Women, Philanthropy, and the Language of Charity in Nineteenth-Century Dublin". Praeger. p. 135. ISBN 978-0275979300.
  11. ^ "Dr Steevens' Hospital: 1733-1987". Dr Steevens' Hospital. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  12. ^ "HSE's Dr Steevens' Hospital to open its doors for Culture Night". Health Service Executive. 14 September 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  13. ^ D.A. Chart, The Story of Dublin (London, 1932), pp274-5
  14. ^ personal recollections
  15. ^ Cameron, Sir Charles (1913). Reminiscences of Sir Charles Cameron, Chief Medical Officer of Dublin Corporation. Dublin: Hodges & Figgis.
  16. ^ Boylan, Henry (1998). A Dictionary of Irish Biography, 3rd Edition. Dublin: Gill and MacMillan. p. 73. ISBN 0-7171-2945-4.
  17. ^ Kirkpatrick, Thomas Percy Claude (2008). The History of Dr Steevens' Hospital, Dublin 1720-1920. Dublin: University College Dublin. ISBN 1-906359-16-4.
  18. ^ Alfred Webb: A Compendium of Irish Biography. Dublin, 1878
  19. ^ "Richard Steevens". Dr Steevens' Hospital. Retrieved 5 May 2019.

Further reading[edit]

  • Kirkpatrick, Thomas Percy Claude (2008). The History of Dr Steevens' Hospital, Dublin 1720-1920. Dublin: University College Dublin. ISBN 1-906359-16-4. (Originally published: Dublin : University Press, 1924.)

External links[edit]