Rotunda Hospital

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Rotunda Hospital
Health Service Executive
Rotunda Hospital.jpg
Rotunda Hospital frontage on Parnell Street
Rotunda Hospital is located in Central Dublin
Rotunda Hospital
Shown in Dublin
Geography
LocationParnell Street, Dublin, Ireland
Coordinates53°21′09″N 6°15′45″W / 53.3526°N 6.2626°W / 53.3526; -6.2626Coordinates: 53°21′09″N 6°15′45″W / 53.3526°N 6.2626°W / 53.3526; -6.2626
Organisation
Care systemHSE
Hospital typeSpecialist
Affiliated universityRoyal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Dublin City University
Services
SpecialityMaternity hospital
History
Founded1745

The Rotunda Hospital (Irish: Ospidéal an Rotunda) is a maternity hospital in Parnell Street, Dublin, Ireland. It is managed by RCSI Hospitals.[1]

History[edit]

Back of the hospital, showing tennis courts. ca. 1890s

The hospital was founded by Bartholomew Mosse, a surgeon and man-midwife who was appalled at the conditions that pregnant women had to endure, in George's Lane as the Dublin Lying-In Hospital in March 1745.[2] Lying-in is an archaic term for childbirth (referring to the month-long bed rest prescribed for postpartum confinement).[3] The venture was very successful and Mosse raised money through concerts, exhibitions and even a lottery to establish larger premises.[4] The hospital moved to new premises, designed by Richard Cassels,[5] where it became known as "The New Lying-In Hospital" in December 1757.[6] The rotunda itself, which was designed by James Ensor,[5] was completed just in time for a reception hosted by the Marquess of Kildare in October 1767.[7] Extensive new rooms, designed by Richard Johnston and built adjacent to the rotunda, were completed in 1791.[8]

Records indicate that around 1781, "when the hospital was imperfectly ventilated, every sixth child died within nine days after birth, of convulsive disease; and that after means of thorough ventilation had been adopted, the mortality of infants, within the same, in five succeeding years, was reduced to one in twenty".[9] This issue was not limited to the Lying-In-Hospital. In that era, ventilation improvement was a general issue in patient care,[10] along with other issues of sanitation and hygiene, and the conditions in which surgeons such as Robert Liston in Britain and elsewhere, had to operate.[11][12] Florence Nightingale famously worked on the design of safe and healthy hospitals.[10]

By the early 19th century the facility had became known as the Rotunda Hospital, after its prominent architectural feature.[13] The first caesarean section in Ireland was undertaken at the hospital in 1889.[14]

Services[edit]

The Rotunda Hospital, as both a maternity hospital and also as a training centre (affiliated with Trinity College Dublin)[15] is notable for having provided continuous service to mothers and babies since inception, making it the oldest continuously operating maternity hospital in the world.[16] It is estimated that over 300,000 babies have been born there.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Six hospital groups 'most fundamental reform in decades'". Irish Medical Times. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  2. ^ Kirkpatrick, p. 7
  3. ^ Slemons, J. Morris (1912). "The Prospective Mother: A Handbook for Women During Pregnancy".
  4. ^ Kirkpatrick, p. 25
  5. ^ a b "Rotunda Hospital". Architecture Of Dublin. Archiseek.com. Archived from the original on 2008-07-23. Retrieved 2008-06-11.
  6. ^ Kirkpatrick, p. 35
  7. ^ Kirkpatrick, p. 68
  8. ^ Kirkpatrick, p. 104
  9. ^ Claridge, Capt. R.T. (1843). Hydropathy; or The Cold Water Cure, as practiced by Vincent Priessnitz, at Graefenberg, Silesia, Austria (8th ed.). London: James Madden and Co. p. 37. Retrieved 2009-10-29. Full text at Internet Archive (archive.org).
  10. ^ a b Nightingale, Florence (1860). Notes on Nursing: What it is and what it is not. Boston: William Carter. Retrieved 2009-10-24. Full text at Internet Archive (archive.org)
  11. ^ Gordon, Richard (1983). "Disastrous Motherhood: Tales from the Vienna Wards". Great Medical Disasters. London: Hutchinson & Co. pp. 43–46. p.43
  12. ^ Holmes, O.W. (March 1842). "On the contagiousness of puerperal fever". New England Quarterly Journal of Medicine. i: 503–30. in Gordon, R. (1983), p.147.
  13. ^ Kirkpatrick, p. 198
  14. ^ "New RTE series delves behind the scenes at world's longest running maternity hospital in Dublin". Irish Post. 13 September 2018. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  15. ^ "Trinity College Campus Maps:-Rotunda". University Of Dublin, Trinity College. Retrieved 2008-06-11.
  16. ^ "The Rotunda: Behind the scenes at the world's oldest maternity hospital". Irish Times. 14 September 2018. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  17. ^ "Patient Information Booklet" (PDF). Totunda Hospital. Retrieved 6 May 2019.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]